The Conservation of Energy

The Conservation of Energy

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1896 edition. Excerpt: ...melted glass into water, when broken, falls into powder with a kind of explosion. It seems probable that in all such cases these changes are attended with heat, and that they denote the conversion of the energy of molecular separation into that of molecular motion. 159. Having thus examined the transmutations of (C) into (D), and of (D) back again into (C), let us now proceed with our list, and see under what circumstances absorbed heat is changed into chemical separation. It is well known that when certain bodies are heated, they are decomposed; for instance, if limestone or carlunate of lime be heated, it is decomposed, the carbonic acid being given out in the shape of gas, while quicklime remains behind. Now, heat is consumed in this process, that is to say, a certain amount of heat energy absolutely passes out of existence as heat and is changed into the energy of chemical separation. Again, if the lime so obtained be exposed, under certain circumstances, to an atmosphere of carbonic acid, it will gradually become changed into carbonate of lime; and in this change (which is a gradual one) we may feel assured that the energy of chemical separation is once more converted into the energy of heat, although we may not perceive any increment of temperature, on account of the slow nature of the process. At very high temperatures it is possible that most compounds are decomposed, and the temperature at which this takes place, for any compound, has been termed its temperature of disassociation. 160. Heat energy is changed into electrical separation when tourmalines and certain other crystals are heated. Let us take, for instance, a crystal of tourmaline and raise its temperature, and we shall find one end positively, and the other negatively, ..
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Product details

  • Paperback | 58 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 122g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236601262
  • 9781236601261