Conservation and Development in India
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Conservation and Development in India : Reimagining wilderness

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Description

Despite decades of efforts to integrate conservation and development, India is torn between two very different worldviews of peoples' place in the country's natural environment. This book takes a critical look at nature conservation and poverty alleviation in India. It opens up discussion of the conservation-development nexus in a country that stands at a major crossroads, where forces of neoliberalism, globalisation and urbanisation are driving the future of India's environment. As the book shows, conservation in India is increasingly concerned with creating 'theme parks' - inviolate, albeit isolated, spaces for wild nature, whereas development is concerned with creating 'shelter homes' through nationwide welfare programmes - promising food, clothing and shelter for the poorest of the poor living in rural India. Conservation and development therefore have very different motivations and attempts to find a common ground have been fraught with challenges. This has been particularly so on the fringes of wildlife parks, where the rural poor come in frequent contact with wild animals to the detriment of both people and wildlife. Chapters are written by leading scholars from India, the UK and USA, to provide a vision of the future of nature conservation in India. Whilst focused on India, the book will also be of interest to scholars and researchers of conservation and development more globally. As a 'rising power', the world's eyes are set on India's development trajectory and there is unprecedented interest in the course of development that the world's largest democracy takes in the decades to come.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 320 pages
  • 156 x 234mm
  • Taylor & Francis Ltd
  • ROUTLEDGE
  • London, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 60 black & white illustrations
  • 1138922331
  • 9781138922334

About Shonil Bhagwat

Shonil Bhagwat is a Lecturer in Geography at the Open University, UK. He was previously Course Director of the MSc in Biodiversity, Conservation and Management at the University of Oxford. He has DPhil and MSc degress from the University of Oxford, and MSc and BSc degress from the University of Pune, India.show more

Table of contents

1. Introduction to Conservation and Development in India 2. Sustainable Wellbeing as a Context for Conservation 3. Environment against Environment: Conflict between Biodiversity and Renewable Energy 4. Provincializing the Anthropocene: Nature and Indian Modes of Conservation 5. The Impact of the Anthropocene in the Locality: Eastern India in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century 6. Understanding Human-Wildlife Interactions in India: Insights from 10,000 Surveys 7. Living with Animals: Stories of Conflict and Coexistence around the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve 8. Indigenous and Community-conserved Areas as Novel Protected Areas 9. Challenges and Opportunities of Conservation outside Indian Protected Areas 10. The Contested Nature of Indian Protected Areas 11. Conservation on Private Lands: Integrating Agriculture, Biodiversity and Coffee Markets in the Western Ghats 12. Biodiversity in Community-managed Landscapes: A View of Potential and Constraints in the Van Panchayats of Kumaon Himalayas 13. Reconstructing Landscapes: Situated Knowledge and Counter Mapping in an Indian Tiger Reserve 14. Conservation and Development: Beyond National Parks and Sanctuaries 15. The 'Missing Middle' in India's Wildlife Conservation: Analysing the Perceptions and Involvement of the Urban Middle Classes 16. The Federal Politics of Conservation Policy Processes 17. Market-based Instruments for Conservation in the Indian Context 18. Conclusions: Parks, People and Politics of Conservation in Indiashow more