Conservation in Africa : Peoples, Policies and Practice
This book provides a new inter-disciplinary look at the practice and policies of conservation in Africa. Bringing together social scientists, anthropologists and historians with biologists for the first time, the book sheds some light on the previously neglected but critically important social aspects of conservation thinking. To date conservation has been very much the domain of the biologist, but the current ecological crisis in Africa and the failure of orthodox conservation policies demand a radical new appraisal of conventional practices. This new approach to conservation, the book argues, cannot deal simply with the survival of species and habitats, for the future of African wildlife is intimately tied to the future of African rural communities. Conservation must form an integral part of future policies for human development. The book emphasises this urgent need for a complementary rather than a competitive approach. It covers a wide range of topics important to this new approach, from wildlife management to soil conservation and from the Cape in the nineteenth century to Ethiopia in the 1980s. It is essential reading for all those concerned about people and conservation in Africa.
- Electronic book text
- 11 May 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
Table of contents
Preface; List of contributors; Introduction: the scramble for Eden: past, present and future in African conservation David Anderson and Richard Grove; Part I. Conservation Ideologies in Africa: Introduction William Beinart; 1. Early themes in African conservation: the Cape in the nineteenth century Richard Grove; 2. Chivalry, social Darwinism and ritualised killing: the hunting ethos in Central Africa up to 1914 John M. MacKenzie; 3. Colonialism, capitalism and ecological crisis in Malawi: a reassessment John McCracken; 4. Conservation with a human face: conflict and reconciliation in African land use planning Richard Bell; Part II. Wildlife, Parks and Pastoralists: Introduction Paul Howell; 5. Pastoralism, conservation and the overgrazing controversy Katherine Homewood and W. A. Rodgers; 6. Pastoralists and wildlife: image and reality in Kenya Maasailand David Collett; 7. Integrating parks and pastoralists: some lessons from Amboseli W. K. Lindsay; 8. The Mursi and National Park development in the Lower Omo Valley David Turton; Part III. Conservation priorities and rural communities: Introduction John McCracken; 9. Local institutions, tenure and resource management in East Africa Peter D. Little and David W. Brokensha; 10. Conflicting uses for forest resources in the Lower Tana River basin of Kenya Francine Hughes; 11. Environmental degradation, soil conservation and agricultural policies in Sierra Leone, 1895-1984 Andrew Millington; 12. Managing the forest: the conservation history of Lembus, Kenya, 1904-63 David Anderson; Part IV. Consequences for Conservation and Development: Introduction John Lonsdale; 13. The political reality of conservation in Nigeria Olusegun Areola; 14. Settlement, pastoralism and the commons: the ideology and practice of irrigation development in Northern Kenya Richard Hogg; 15. Approaches to water resource development, Sokoto Valley, Nigeria: the problem of sustainability W. M. Adams; 16. State policy and famine in the Awash Valley of Ethiopia: the lessons for conservation Maknun Gamaledinn; Index.
'The main achievement of this volume is in giving us a more comprehensive account than we have hitherto possessed of European conservation ideologies and their place in the colonial history of Africa. It is impossible in a short review to do justice to the many excellent papers here. This is a very valuable book.' Journal of African History 'This book heralds what should become the new era of conservation practice in Africa ... an important contribution to conservation literature.' African Affairs