The Condensed American Cyclopaedia; A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge Volume 3

The Condensed American Cyclopaedia; A Popular Dictionary of General Knowledge Volume 3

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1877 edition. Excerpt: ...which he had devastated. In 1831 Mchemct Ali sent 88,000 men under Ibrahim Pasha into Syria, and open war resulted with the sultan. Ibrahim, after other successes, signally defeated the Turks at Horns, July, 1832, and subsequently at Konieh, where Reshid Pasha was routed and captured, although he had 60,000 men and the Egyptians fewer than 30,000. Ibrahim was within six days' march of Constantinople when European intcrvention compelled Mehcmet Ali, in May, 1833, to accept a treaty by which the whole of Syria and the district of Adana in Asia Minor were ceded to him, besides Candia, which he had formerly received for his services in Greece. In June, 1839, the Turkish fleet sailed for Egypt, and an army of 80,000 men under Hafiz Pasha invaded Syria. The army was utterly routed in less than two hours at Nizib, June 24, by 46,000 men under Ibrahim. At the same time the whole Turkish fleet had through treachery surrendered to Mehcmet Ali without a battle, and was taken to Alexandria. Great Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia again interfered in 1840 in behalf of Turkey, although France, under the short ministry of Thicrs, strongly favored Mchcmet Ali. Alexandria was blockaded, and a British fleet bombarded and captured Beyrout and These provinces nevertheless re-' Mehemet Ali devoted himself to internal improvements, and reforms, and an entirely new system of government was formed on European models. Cotton was largely cultivated, and many manufactures were created. In 1848, when he was in his dotage, Ibrahim became vieeroy, but died Nov. 9, and was succeeded by his nephew Abbas Pasha. RIEIIUL, Etienne llenrl ma-iil, a French composer, b. 1788, d. 1817. He studied under Gluek, and in 1790 produced with great success the more

Product details

  • Paperback | 894 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 45mm | 1,565g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236926773
  • 9781236926777