Computer Security Fundamentals
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Computer Security Fundamentals

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Description

ONE-VOLUME INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER SECURITY




Clearly explains core concepts, terminology, challenges, technologies, and skills




Covers today's latest attacks and countermeasures





The perfect beginner's guide for anyone interested in a computer security career




Chuck Easttom brings together complete coverage of all basic concepts, terminology, and issues, along with all the skills you need to get started.

Drawing on 20+ years of experience as a security instructor, consultant, and researcher, Easttom helps you take a proactive, realistic approach to assessing threats and implementing countermeasures. Writing clearly and simply, he addresses crucial issues that many introductory security books ignore, while addressing the realities of a world where billions of new devices are Internet-connected.




This guide covers web attacks, hacking, spyware, network defense, security appliances, VPNs, password use, and much more. Its many tips and examples reflect new industry trends and the state-of-the-art in both attacks and defense. Exercises, projects, and review questions in every chapter help you deepen your understanding and apply all you've learned.




Whether you're a student, a professional, or a manager, this guide will help you protect your assets-and expand your career options.




Learn how to

* Identify and prioritize potential threats to your network

* Use basic networking knowledge to improve security

* Get inside the minds of hackers, so you can deter their attacks

* Implement a proven layered approach to network security

* Resist modern social engineering attacks

* Defend against today's most common Denial of Service (DoS) attacks

* Halt viruses, spyware, worms, Trojans, and other malware

* Prevent problems arising from malfeasance or ignorance

* Choose the best encryption methods for your organization

* Compare security technologies, including the latest security appliances

* Implement security policies that will work in your environment

* Scan your network for vulnerabilities

* Evaluate potential security consultants

* Master basic computer forensics and know what to do if you're attacked

* Learn how cyberterrorism and information warfare are evolving
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Product details

  • Paperback | 448 pages
  • 181 x 231 x 23mm | 730g
  • Pearson It Certification
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 3rd edition
  • 078975746X
  • 9780789757463
  • 926,005

Table of contents

Introduction

Chapter 1: Introduction to Computer Security

Introduction

How Seriously Should You Take Threats to Network Security?

Identifying Types of Threats

Malware

Compromising System Security

DoS Attacks

Web Attacks

Session Hijacking

Insider Threats

DNS Poisoning

New Attacks

Assessing the Likelihood of an Attack on Your Network

Basic Security Terminology

Hacker Slang

Professional Terms

Concepts and Approaches

How Do Legal Issues Impact Network Security?

Online Security Resources

CERT

Microsoft Security Advisor

F-Secure

SANS Institute

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 2: Networks and the Internet

Introduction

Network Basics

The Physical Connection: Local Networks

Faster Connection Speeds

Data Transmission

How the Internet Works

IP Addresses

CIDR

Uniform Resource Locators

What Is a Packet?

Basic Communications

History of the Internet

Basic Network Utilities

IPConfig

Ping

Tracert

Netstat

NSLookup

Other Network Devices

Advanced Network Communications Topics

The OSI Model

Media Access Control (MAC) Addresses

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 3: Cyber Stalking, Fraud, and Abuse

Introduction

How Internet Fraud Works

Investment Offers

Auction Frauds

Identity Theft

Phishing

Cyber Stalking

Real Cyber Stalking Cases

How to Evaluate Cyber Stalking

Crimes Against Children

Laws About Internet Fraud

Protecting Yourself Against Cyber Crime

Protecting Against Investment Fraud

Protecting Against Identity Theft

Secure Browser Settings

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 4: Denial of Service Attacks

Introduction

DoS

Illustrating an Attack

Common Tools Used for DoS

DoS Weaknesses

Specific DoS Attacks

Land Attack

DDoS

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 5: Malware

Introduction

Viruses

How a Virus Spreads

Types of Viruses

Virus Examples

Rombertik

Gameover ZeuS

CryptoLocker and CryptoWall

FakeAV

MacDefender

Troj/Invo-Zip

W32/Netsky-P

The Sobig Virus

The Mimail Virus

The Bagle Virus

A Nonvirus Virus

Flame

Rules for Avoiding Viruses

Trojan Horses

The Buffer-Overflow Attack

The Sasser Virus/Buffer Overflow

Spyware

Legal Uses of Spyware

How Is Spyware Delivered to a Target System?

Obtaining Spyware Software

Other Forms of Malware

Rootkit

Malicious Web-Based Code

Logic Bombs

Spam

Advanced Persistent Threats

Detecting and Eliminating Viruses and Spyware

Antivirus Software

Antispyware Software

Remediation Steps

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 6: Techniques Used by Hackers

Introduction

Basic Terminology

The Reconnaissance Phase

Passive Scanning Techniques

Active Scanning Techniques

Actual Attacks

SQL Script Injection

Cross-Site Scripting

Password Cracking

Malware Creation

Windows Hacking Techniques

Penetration Testing

NIST 800-115

National Security Agency Information Assessment Methodology

PCI Penetration Testing Standard

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 7: Industrial Espionage in Cyberspace

Introduction

What Is Industrial Espionage?

Information as an Asset

Real-World Examples of Industrial Espionage

Example 1: Houston Astros

Example 2: University Trade Secrets

Example 3: VIA Technology

Example 4: General Motors

Example 5: Bloomberg, Inc.

Example 6: Interactive Television Technologies, Inc.

Trends in Industrial Espionage

Industrial Espionage and You

How Does Espionage Occur?

Low-Tech Industrial Espionage

Spyware Used in Industrial Espionage

Steganography Used in Industrial Espionage

Phone Taps and Bugs

Protecting Against Industrial Espionage

Industrial Espionage Act

Spear Phishing

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 8: Encryption

Introduction

Cryptography Basics

History of Encryption

The Caesar Cipher

Atbash

Multi-Alphabet Substitution

Rail Fence

Enigma

Binary Operations

Modern Methods

Single-Key (Symmetric) Encryption

Modification of Symmetric Methods

Public Key (Asymmetric) Encryption

PGP

Legitimate Versus Fraudulent Encryption Methods

Digital Signatures

Hashing

MD5

SHA

RipeMD

MAC and HMAC

Rainbow Tables

Steganography

Historical Steganography

Methods and Tools

Cryptanalysis

Frequency Analysis

Modern Methods

Cryptography Used on the Internet

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 9: Computer Security Technology

Introduction

Virus Scanners

How Does a Virus Scanner Work?

Virus-Scanning Techniques

Commercial Antivirus Software

Firewalls

Benefits and Limitation of Firewalls

Firewall Types and Components

Firewall Configurations

Commercial and Free Firewall Products

Firewall Logs

Antispyware

IDS

IDS Categorization

Identifying an Intrusion

IDS Elements

Snort

Honey Pots

Database Activity Monitoring

Other Preemptive Techniques

Authentication

Digital Certificates

SSL/TLS

Virtual Private Networks

Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol

Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol

IPsec

Wi-Fi Security

Wired Equivalent Privacy

Wi-Fi Protected Access

WPA2

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 10: Security Policies

Introduction

What Is a Policy?

Defining User Policies

Passwords

Internet Use

Email Usage

Installing/Uninstalling Software

Instant Messaging

Desktop Configuration

Bring Your Own Device

Final Thoughts on User Policies

Defining System Administration Policies

New Employees

Departing Employees

Change Requests

Security Breaches

Virus Infection

DoS Attacks

Intrusion by a Hacker

Defining Access Control

Developmental Policies

Standards, Guidelines, and Procedures

Data Classification

DoD Clearances

Disaster Recovery

Disaster Recovery Plan

Business Continuity Plan

Impact Analysis?

Fault Tolerance

Important Laws

HIPAA

Sarbanes-Oxley

Payment Card Industry Data Security Standards

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 11: Network Scanning and Vulnerability Scanning

Introduction

Basics of Assessing a System

Patch

Ports

Protect

Policies

Probe

Physical

Securing Computer Systems

Securing an Individual Workstation

Securing a Server

Securing a Network

Scanning Your Network

MBSA

NESSUS

Getting Professional Help

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 12: Cyber Terrorism and Information Warfare

Introduction

Actual Cases of Cyber Terrorism

The Chinese Eagle Union

China's Advanced Persistent Threat

India and Pakistan

Russian Hackers

Weapons of Cyber Warfare

Stuxnet

Flame

StopGeorgia.ru Malware

FinFisher

BlackEnergy

NSA ANT Catalog

Economic Attacks

Military Operations Attacks

General Attacks

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisitions (SCADA)

Information Warfare

Propaganda

Information Control

Disinformation

Actual Cases

Future Trends

Positive Trends

Negative Trends

Defense Against Cyber Terrorism

Terrorist Recruiting and Communication

TOR and the Dark Web

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 13: Cyber Detective

Introduction

General Searches

Court Records and Criminal Checks

Sex Offender Registries

Civil Court Records

Other Resources

Usenet

Summary

Test Your Skills

Chapter 14: Introduction to Forensics

Introduction

General Guidelines

Don't Touch the Suspect Drive

Image a Drive with Forensic Toolkit

Can You Ever Conduct Forensics on a Live Machine?

Document Trail

Secure the Evidence

Chain of Custody

FBI Forensics Guidelines

U.S. Secret Service Forensics Guidelines

EU Evidence Gathering

Scientific Working Group on Digital Evidence

Locard's Principle of Transference

Tools

Finding Evidence on the PC

Finding Evidence in the Browser

Finding Evidence in System Logs

Windows Logs

Linux Logs

Getting Back Deleted Files

Operating System Utilities

Net Sessions

Openfiles

Fc

Netstat

The Windows Registry

Specific Entries

Mobile Forensics: Cell Phone Concepts

Cell Concepts Module

Cellular Networks

iOS

Android

Windows

What You Should Look For

The Need for Forensic Certification

Expert Witnesses

Federal Rule 702

Daubert

Additional Types of Forensics

Network Forensics

Virtual Forensics

Summary

Test Your Skills

Appendix A: Glossary

Appendix B: Resources

Appendix C: Answers to the Multiple Choice Questions





9780789757463 TOC 5/10/2016
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About William (Chuck) Easttom

Chuck Easttom is a computer security and forensics expert. He has authored 20 books, including several on computer security, forensics, and cryptography. He holds 6 patents and 40 computer certifications, including many security and forensics certifications. He has conducted training for law enforcement, federal agencies, and friendly foreign governments. He frequently works as an expert witness in computer-related cases. He is also a frequent speaker on computer security topics at a variety of security-related conferences. You can visit his website at www.chuckeasttom.com.
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