Computational Intelligence

Computational Intelligence : A Logical Approach

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This introductory textbook on Artificial Intelligence (AI) is aimed at junior/senior undergraduate and graduate level students. The book will weave a unifying theme among the core concepts that underlie the discipline of AI. While the text makes use of Prolog as its primary programming language, class testers have successfully substituted a Lisp-like pseudocode. The book encourages the student to expore, implement and experiment with a series of progressively richer logic-based representations that can capture the essential features of more and more demanding tasks and environments. The unifying theme will feature an intelligent agent acting in its own environment. This will serve to place the core concepts of AI in a coherent and cohesive framework, making it easier to teach and learn from. This approach will clarify and integrate representation and reasoning fundamentals and lead the students from simple to complex ideas with clear motivation. The authors have developed AI representation schemes and describe their use for interesting and popular applications, such as natural language vision, robotics, game playing, and expert systems. The manuscript has been class tested in a number of different courses in Canada, Japan, and Europe. Virtually every university and college has an interdisciplinary course on artificial intelligence. The enrollment in such courses is rising, as many interdisciplinary programs, such as cognitive science, psychology, linguistics, engineering, medicine, business and philosophy, recommend the course.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 576 pages
  • 196 x 238 x 30mm | 1,202.01g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • numerous line figures
  • 0195102703
  • 9780195102703

Back cover copy

Computational Intelligence: A Logical Approach provides a unique and integrated introduction to artificial intelligence. It weaves a unifying theme - an intelligent agent acting in its environment - through the core issues of AI, placing them into a coherent framework. Rather than giving a surface treatment to an overwhelming number of topics, it covers fundamental concepts in depth, providing a foundation on which students can build an understanding of modern AI. Ideal for upper-level undergraduate and introductory graduate courses in artificial intelligence, Computational Intelligence encourages students to explore, implement, and experiment with a series of progressively richer representations that capture the essential features of more and more demanding tasks and environments.show more

Table of contents

Preface ; 1.1 What is Computational Intelligence? ; 1.2 Agents in the World ; 1.3 Representation and Reasoning ; 1.4 Applications ; 1.5 Overview ; 1.6 References and Further Reading ; 1.7 Exercises ; 2.1 Introduction ; 2.2 Representation and Reasoning Systems ; 2.3 Simplifying assumptions of the initial RRS ; 2.4 Datalog ; 2.5 Semantics ; 2.6 Questions and Answers ; 2.7 Proofs ; 2.8 Extending the Language with Functional Symbols ; 2.9 References and Further Reading ; 2.10 Exercises ; 3.1 Introduction ; 3.2 Case Study: House Wiring ; 3.3 Discussion ; 3.5 Case-Study: Repesenting Abstract Concepts ; 3.6 Applications in Natural Language Processing ; 3.7 References and Further Reading ; 3.8 Exercises ; 4.1 Why Search? ; 4.2 Graph Searching ; 4.3 A Generic Searching Algorithm ; 4.4 Blind Search Strategies ; 4.5 Heuristic Search ; 4.6 Refinements to Search Strategies ; 4.7 Constraint Satisfaction Problems ; 4.8 References and Further Reading ; 4.9 Exercises ; 5.1 Introduction ; 5.2 Defining a solution ; 5.3 Choosing a Representation Language ; 5.4 Mapping a problem to representation ; 5.5 Choosing an inference procedure ; 5.6 References and Further Reading ; 5.7 Exercises ; 6.1 Introduction ; 6.2 Knowledge-Based System Architecture ; 6.3 Meta-Interpreters ; 6.4 Querying the User ; 6.5 Explanation ; 6.6 Debugging Knowledge Bases ; 6.7 A Meta-Interpreter with Search ; 6.8 Unification ; 6.9 References and Further Reading ; 6.10 Exercises ; 7.1 Equality ; 7.2 Integrity Constraints ; 7.3 Complete Knowledge Assumption ; 7.4 Disjunctive Knowledge ; 7.5 Explicit Quantification ; 7.6 First-order predicate calculus ; 7.7 Modal Logic ; 7.8 References and Further Reading ; 7.9 Exercises ; 8.1 Introduction ; 8.2 Representations of Actions and Change ; 8.3 Reasoning with World Representations ; 8.4 References and Further Reading ; 8.5 Exercises ; 9.1 Introduction ; 9.2 An Assumption-Based Reasoning Framework ; 9.3 Default Reasoning ; 9.4 Abduction ; 9.5 Evidential and Causal Reasoning ; 9.6 Algorithms for Assumption-based Reasoning ; 9.7 References and Further Reading ; 9.8 Exercises ; 10.1 Introduction ; 10.2 Probability ; 10.3 Independence Assumptions ; 10.4 Making Decisions Under Uncertainty ; 10.5 References and Further Reading ; 10.6 Exercises ; 11.1 Introduction ; 11.2 Learning as choosing the best representation ; 11.3 Case-based reasoning ; 11.4 Learning as refining the hypothesis space ; 11.5 Learning Under Uncertainty ; 11.6 Explanation-based Learning ; 11.7 References and Further Reading ; 11.8 Exercises ; 12.1 Introduction ; 12.2 Robotic Systems ; 12.3 The Agent function ; 12.4 Designing Robots ; 12.5 Uses of Agent models ; 12.6 Robot Architectures ; 12.7 Implementing a Controller ; 12.8 Robots Modelling the World ; 12.9 Reasoning in Situated Robots ; 12.10 References and Further Reading ; 12.11 Exercises ; Appendices ; A Glossary ; B The Prolog Programming Language ; B.1 Introduction ; B.2 Interacting with Prolog ; B.3 Syntax ; B.5 Database Relations ; B.6 Returning All Answers ; B.7 Input and Output ; B.8 Controlling Search ; C.Some more Implemented Systems ; C.1 Bottom-Up Interpreters ; C.2 Top-down Interpreters ; C.3 A Constraint Satisfaction Problem Solver ; C.4 Neural Network Learner ; C.5 Partial-Order Planner ; C.6 Implementing Belief Networks ; C.7 Robot Controllershow more

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