A Compendium of the Comparative Grammar of the Indo-European, Sanskrit, Greek and Latin Languages; By August Schleicher Volume 2

A Compendium of the Comparative Grammar of the Indo-European, Sanskrit, Greek and Latin Languages; By August Schleicher Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1877 edition. Excerpt: ... they are very common--e.g. Teutonic; but I know of no example which we may confidently ascribe to Indo-European except vad-an-(ntr. water), and ak-an-(masc. stone; cf. Sk. aq-an-and Goth. auhna-, which may very probably be derived from an older consonantal stem). Sanskrit. rag-an-(n. sg. rdgd, n. pl. rdgdn-as, loc. sg. ragn-i, rdgan-i, king), y/rag (rdg-ati shines, rides); sne-han(friend), y/snih (love); vrs-an-(rainer; bull), y/vars (rain) and other like nom. agentis; dg-an-(masc. stone, rock), y/ag (strike); ud-dn-(ntr. water, not used in all cases), y/ud (wet), probably arising from vad. The very frequent Sk. sf.-in-is probably akin, e.g. primary 214 STEMS WITH SF, -Wfl-. INDO-EUR. SK. 93b. (-whetstone, also drff-avo-v is attested), y/drjy (drpj-c o whet); oTef-dvrj (encircling, crown), cf. are(p-avo-;, etc. Adjectival, e.g. aKev-avo-(covering), y/aKeir, cf. aKeir-rj (cover); iK-avo(sufficient), y/hc (iK-veofiai, iK-6firjv come), etc. As from sf.-as-arises Lat. infin. in-re-, and from-manaGk. infin.-yxvai (v. 91), so also from-ana-comes Gk. infin. in-evai, which we consider as loc. sg. of a fem.-stem. A form eonr-evai points to a stem origl. rirdikana-, i.e. a nom. agentis in-ana-formed from perfect-stem; pepeiv for pepeivi, jepevi ( 26, 3), with shortened ending for pepevai, to a stem bharana-from pres.-stem fepe = bhara-, whose termination-a serves likewise as initial sound of sf.-ana-. Stems ending in a vowel mostly do not assume-ana-, but only-na-, hence ZiBo-vai, icrrd-vai, SeiKvv-vai; yet deivai--deevai, Sovvai = Soevai. Latin. A formation quite corresponding to origl.-anadoes not occur to me. As Gk. fiavrj appears in Lat. as machina, we may probably place here the Lat. forms with sf.-ino-, -ina, whose i therefore, as...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 28 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 2mm | 68g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236486862
  • 9781236486868