A Compendium of the Comparative Grammar of the Indo-European, Sanskrit, Greek and Latin Languages; By August Schleicher Volume 1
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1874 edition. Excerpt: ...Lat. the only diphth. retained, and not yet given up (it occurs still in Ital. and in more isolated cases in other Latin lang.), although even in early times it was weakened, esp. in popular dialects, to the sound 6; further au is contr. into u (prob. through intermed. b), e.g. raud-us, rbd-us, rud-us (crumb of earth), /rud, elsewh. rub, ruf, ifrudh (be red). Exx. of au: aur-ora (dawn), f.f. prob. aus-dsd, /us in ur-o, us-tus, cf. Sk. st. us-ds-(aurora), without step-formn. in root and suff. (the latter occurs in certain cases only); aug-eo (I increase), cf. avco, aidvco, prob. fr. avy-aco, avy-aavc0, Lith. dug-u (I wax), /ug; the above-mentioned raud-us (neut. pl. raud-era), y/rud, Sk. /rudh, Gk. /pv0, etc. Note.--au can also arise through a secondary process, e.g. nauta (sailor), auceps (bird-catcher), gaudeo (am glad), fr. nau-i-ta, au-i-ceps, gdu-i-deo, etc. The second step of u, viz. old Lat. ou, later u, is equally wanting with the 1st step, and it is only by the aid of the cognate langg. that we can detect whether ou, u, represent origl. au or au: the latter is certain only in rare instances, e.g. ruf-us (red)=Kelt. ruad, Goth. raud-s, f.f. raudh-as; clearly 36. here belongs uber (udder), on acct. of Gk. ov0ap, f.f. of both. dudhar, though Sk. udhas, O.H.Q, utar (H.G. euter), show other degrees of the scale: perh. also luc-em, Louc-ina, lufe)men, y/luk, origl. y/ruk. Note.--u, ou, are here and there secondary products through falling-out of sounds, as e.g. councti, cuncti (all together), fr. eo-iuncti; noundinum (S.C. de Baca), nundinum, fr. nouendinum, cf. nundinae (period of 9 days), prudens fr. pro-uidens. 37. Vowel Sound-laws. Accurate statement of the extraordinarily variable vowel sound-laws of the Lat. must be left to...
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