A Comparative Grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages Volume 1

A Comparative Grammar of the Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German, and Sclavonic Languages Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1856 edition. Excerpt: ...hi an, it ronst here be further remarked, that these too, in the locative, do not strictly follow the suppression of the a in the weakest coses, which is conditionally prescribed in. 140., but optionally retain the a, or reject it; so that with ndmn-i also ndman-i is used. With brdtar-i, however, exists no bhrdtr-i, and the form pitr-i, given at . 132. is an oversight: the Greek ntap-i may therefore, with respect to the shortening of the base, be better compared with the dative pitr-6. Cx G. Ed. p. 235. Ulfilas in the vocative: as, however, they, in other respects, run parallel to the u bases, the vocative anstai, from ANSTI, might be expected as an analogous form to luniiln/1. The Lithuanian i bases in the vocative extend their theme in the same manner as in the genitive ( . 193.); so that, properly, there is no vocative of this class of words, and awie answers to zwake, giestne (Ruhig's third declension), for zw&kie, giesmye. Masculine bases, in Gothic, in /, like the masculine and neuter a bases, have lost their final vowel in the vocative, just as in the accusative and nominative; hence vulf, daur', gast'. In bases in n the Gothic shares with the Latin the suppression of the final consonant, which has passed over from the nominative to the vocative; while only the Sanskrit and Zend again introduce into the vocative the nasal which had been dropped in the nominative. Adjectives in German, with respect to the vocative, have departed from the old path, and retain the case-sign of the nominative; hence Gothic blind's, "blind!" In Old Northern, substantives also follow this irregular use of the nominative sign. The Greek has preserved a tolerable number of its vocatives pure from the nominative sign, and in some classes of...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 144 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 268g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123660539X
  • 9781236605399