A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscript, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German and Sclavonic Languages Volume 2

A Comparative Grammar of the Sanscript, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Gothic, German and Sclavonic Languages Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1845 edition. Excerpt: ... several of their older sisters have lost thousands of years ago. The superiority of the Carniolan dzim to the Latin do has been mentioned before; but all other Carniolan verbs have the same superiority over all other Latin verbs, with the exception of sum and inquum, as also over the Greek verbs, as the Carniolan, and, in common with it, the Irish, have in all forms of the present preserved the chief element of the original termination mi. It is, too, a. phenomenon in the history of languages, which should be specially noticed, that among the Indian daughters of the Sanscrit, as in general among its living Asiatic and Polynesian relations, not one language can, in respect of grammatical Sanscrit analogies, compare with the more perfect idioms of our quarter of the globe. The Persian has, indeed, retained the old personal terminations with tolerable accuracy, but, in disadvantageous comparison with the Lithuanian and Carniolan, has lost the dual, and preserved scarce any thing of the ancient manner of formation of the tenses and moods; and the old case terminations, which remain almost entire in the Lithuanian, and of which the Classical and German languages retain a great part, the Celtic somewhat, have completely vanished in Persian, only that its plurals in dn bear the same resemblance to the Sanscrit plural accusatives, that the Spanish in 0.s-and as do to the Latin; and also the neuter plurals in hd, as I believe I have shewn, stand connected with the old system of declension (see 241.). And inthe correct retention of individual words the Persian is often far behind the European sisters of the Sanscrit; for while in expressing the number "three" the European languages, as far as they belong to the Sanscrit, have all...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 150 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 281g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236825837
  • 9781236825834