A Companion to Bioethics

A Companion to Bioethics

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This second edition of
A Companion to Bioethics, fully revised and updated to reflect the current issues and developments in the field, covers all the material that the reader needs to thoroughly grasp the ideas and debates involved in bioethics.


Thematically organized around an unparalleled range of issues, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching
Now includes new essays on currently controversial topics such as cloning and genetic enhancement
Topics are clearly and compellingly presented by internationally renowned bioethicists
A detailed index allows the reader to find terms and topics not listed in the titles of the essays themselves
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Product details

  • Paperback | 636 pages
  • 172 x 244 x 34mm | 938.93g
  • Wiley-Blackwell (an imprint of John Wiley & Sons Ltd)
  • Chicester, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2nd Edition
  • 1444350846
  • 9781444350845
  • 300,420

Back cover copy

A Companion to Bioethics presents the central issues and concepts in bioethics in an authoritative yet highly accessible manner. Now fully revised and updated to reflect the current state of the field, the 49 essays, each specially written by leading experts, span an unparalleled range of topics, including discussion of the moral status of embryos and fetuses, new genetics, life and death, resource allocation, organ donations, AIDS, human and animal experimentation, health care, and teaching. Subjects new to this edition include cloning, genetic enhancement, infectious disease, global pharmaceutical markets, and bioethics in the developing world.

A Companion to Bioethics is an essential work of reference for doctors, nurses, biomedical scientists, lawyers, journalists, philosophers, moral theologians, sociologists and the general lay-reader interested in the ethical issues that are transforming our lives.
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Table of contents

List of Contributors xi
Acknowledgments xiii


Part I Introduction 1


1 What Is Bioethics? A Historical Introduction 3
Helga Kuhse and Peter Singer


Part II Questions About Bioethics 13


2 Ethical Theory and Bioethics 15
James Rachels


3 Culture and Bioethics 24
Segun Gbadegesin


4 Gender and Bioethics 36
Jan Crosthwaite


5 Religion and Bioethics 46
Eric Gregory


6 Law and Bioethics 56
Wibren van der Burg


Part III Ethical Approaches 65


7 A Principle-based Approach 67
James F. Childress


8 Exceptionless Rule Approaches 77
Joseph Boyle


9 A Utilitarian Approach 85
R. M. Hare


10 A Virtue Ethics Approach 91
Justin Oakley


11 A Care Approach 105
Rita C. Manning


12 A Case Approach 117
John D. Arras


Part IV Before Birth: Issues Involving Embryos and Fetuses 127


13 Personhood 129
Michael Tooley


14 Abortion 140
Mary Anne Warren


15 Mother Fetus Conflict 149
Bonnie Steinbock


Part V Issues In Reproduction 161


16 Population 163
Margaret Pabst Battin


17 Assisted Reproduction, Prenatal Testing, and Sex Selection 178
Laura M. Purdy


18 Cloning 193
Gregory Pence


Part VI The New Genetics 205


19 Gene Therapy 207
Ruth Chadwick


20 Genetic Enhancement 216
Julian Savulescu


21 Creating and Patenting New Life Forms 235
Nils Holtug


22 Genetic Counseling, Testing, and Screening 245
Angus Clarke


Part VII Life and Death Issues 261


23 Medical Decisions at the End of Life 263
Dan W. Brock


24 Severely Disabled Newborns 274
Eike-Henner W. Kluge


25 Death, Brain Death, and Persistent Vegetative State 286
Jeff McMahan


26 Advance Directives 299
Alexander Morgan Capron


27 Voluntary Euthanasia, Suicide, and Physician-assisted Suicide 312
Brian Stoffell


28 The Slippery Slope Argument 321
Govert den Hartogh


Part VIII Resource Allocation 333


29 Deciding Between Patients 335
John Harris


30 Society's Allocation of Resources for Health 351
Daniel Wikler and Sarah Marchand


31 Is There a Right to Health Care and, If So, What Does It Encompass? 362
Norman Daniels


Part IX Organ Donations 373


32 A World of Transferable Parts 375
Janet Radcliffe Richards


Part X Global Health-care Issues 391


33 Global Health Responsibilities 393
Christopher Lowry and Udo Schuklenk


34 Developing World Challenges 404
Udo Schuklenk, Michael Kottow, and Peter A. Sy


35 Global Pharmaceutical Markets 417
Kevin Outterson and Donald W. Light


36 Infectious Disease 430
Michael J. Selgelid


37 AIDS as a Global Health Emergency 441
Udo Schuklenk


Part XI Experimentation With Humans and Animals 455


38 Research Involving Human Beings 457
Florencia Luna and Ruth Macklin


39 Regulating Experimentation in Research and Medical Practice 469
Paul Ulhas Macneill


40 Research Using Preimplantation Human Embryos 487
Mary Warnock and Peter Braude


41 The Moral Status of Animals and Their Use As Experimental Subjects 495
Bernard E. Rollin


PART XII Ethical Issues in the Practice of Health Care 511


42 Confidentiality 513
Raanan Gillon and Daniel K. Sokol


43 Truth-telling 520
Roger Higgs


44 Informed Consent and Patient Autonomy 530
Robert Young


45 Patients Doubtfully Capable or Incapable of Consent 541
Carl Elliott


46 Ethics in Nursing Practice 551
Janet L. Storch


47 Global Trends in Nursing Ethics 563
Verena Tschudin


Part XIII The Teaching and Practice of Bioethics 571


48 Ethics Committees and Ethics Consultants 573
Jonathan D. Moreno


49 Teaching Ethics in the Health Professions 584
Lynn Gillam


Index 594
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About Helga Kuhse

Helga Kuhse is Senior Honorary Research Fellow at the Centre for Human Bioethics, Monash University, Australia. She is the author, co-author or editor of more than 150 professional articles and some 15 books, including
Bioethics: An Anthology (co-edited with Peter Singer, Second Edition, Blackwell, 2006).
Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at Princeton University and Laureate Professor at the University of Melbourne. He is the author, co-author, or editor of more than forty books, including Animal Liberation (first published in 1975), widely credited with triggering the modern animal-rights movement, Practical Ethics (Third Edition, 2011), In Defense of Animals: The Second Wave (Blackwell, 2005), The Moral of the Story: An Anthology of Ethics Through Literature (co-edited with Renata Singer, Blackwell, 2004) and The Life You Can Save (2009). He was the founding president of the International Association of Bioethics, and in 2005, Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world.
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