Communism and Nationalism : Karl Marx versus Friedrich List
In this highly original study, Roman Szporluk examines the relationship between the two dominant ideologies of the 19th century--communism and nationalism--and their enduring legacy in the 20th century. Szporluk argues that both Karl Marx's theory of communism and Friedrich List's theory of nationalism arose in response to the sweeping changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution, and that both sought to promote industrialization as a means of reforming the modern world. Each ideology, the author contends, developed in relation to the other and can best be understood as the product of a complex interweaving of the two, producing in the 20th century new forms of nationalism that have incorporated Marxism into the fabric of their movement and Marxist states that have adopted threads of nationalistic belief. Casting the role of List and the intellectual development of Marx in an unorthodox light, this book adds a new dimension to the debate over the boundaries of nationalism and socialism in the development of political ideologies.
- Paperback | 328 pages
- 136.4 x 208.5 x 23.9mm | 423g
- 25 Nov 1993
- Oxford University Press
- Oxford, United Kingdom
Back cover copy
'An extraordinary, timely, and important book. It comes at a time when communism is rapidly failing. In that context, nationalism is bound to assume even more importance than heretofore...This is an admirably ambitious and well-organized book, combining careful exegesis with wide-ranging ideas. It should prove as fruitful to historians and political scientists as it does to economists concerned with problems of development.
fascinating, provocative, and wide-ranging book * International History Review *
About Roman Szporluk
Szporluk is editor co-translator of Russia in World History: Selected Essays of M.N. Pokrovskii (1970), and author of The Political Thought of T.G. Masaryk (1980). He was previously Professor of History, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.