Excerpt from A Commentary on the New Testament, Vol. 1: Matthew, Mark
I'm; word Gospel literally signifies good news, or, a joyful message. It is now almost exclusively applied to the doctrines of the New Testament; or, by a common figure, to the New Testament itself, especially to the first four books, namely, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.
Matthew, the writer of this Gospel, was one of the twelve apostles his call is recorded by himself, in ch. Ix. 9; and by Mark, in ch. Ii. 14, where he is called Levi the son of Alpheus. Of his labors as an apostle, and the time and manner of his death, little is known. He is represented, by some ancient writers, to have suffered martyrdom; but the evidence rests on tradition only.
Critics have disputed concerning the true date of this Gospel. Some suppose it was written as early as A. D. 37; others, as late as A. D. 61. Home suggests, that, as the weight of evidence is in favor of Saint Mat thew's having composed his 'gospel in Hebrew and Greek, we may refer the early date of A. D. 37 or 38 to the former, and A. D. 61 to the latter. Introd. 1v. 234. It has stood at the beginning of the New Testament, from the time when the books were first arranged; which is, in itself, an argu ment in favor of its early date, or, at least, that it was then supposed to have been written before either of the other three.
The language in which this Gospel was written has also been a subject of dispute; Some have asserted that the original was in the Hebrew, or syro-chaldaic, the common language of Palestine; Others, that it was in Greek. By others, again, as before suggested, it has been supposed that Matthew wrote a copy, at different times, in each language. However this be, it is certain that the only authentic copies, which have survived the wreck of ages, evidently owe their origin to the Greek.
About the Publisher
Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com
This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.show more