Cold War Laboratory

Cold War Laboratory : RAND, the Air Force and the American State 1945-1950

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Description

In 1946, before the start of the Cold War with the Soviet Union, the Army Air Forces established Project RAND - a groundbreaking 'think tank' designed to link leaders in the military and aircraft industry. The new organization was a response to fears that long-range bombers, guided missiles, and atomic bombs inaugurated a new era of danger. Modern war was now total war, a contest between entire societies, and demanded the commitment of peacetime preparation. Science and technology were crucial for such preparation, and RAND offered the Air Force a conduit to the expertise of industry and universities. As an institutional crossroads, RAND became a unique place to experiment with methods and ideas to prepare a pluralistic, democratic society for total war. Martin J. Collins examines the critical years of this experiment through an evolving cast of key individuals: Hap Arnold and MIT professor Edward L. Bowles; Rowan Gaither, president of the RAND board of trustees; Frank Collbohm and Lawrence Henderson, director and associate director of RAND; and mathematician Edwin Paxson, the leader of RAND's first system analysis - a RAND invention that sought to make a science of the study of war. Collins presents an in-depth examination of the birth of systems analysis and how it combined science, politics, and postwar concerns. In developing systems analysis, RAND drew on a spectrum of science and engineering disciplines, and from the fields of economics, political science, and sociology. Its research symbolized the new and far-reaching effects of our response to the Cold War.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 278 pages
  • 172.2 x 222 x 26.4mm | 553.39g
  • Smithsonian Books
  • Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press
  • Washington, United States
  • English
  • 1588340864
  • 9781588340863
  • 2,390,338

About Martin J. Collins

Martin J. Collins has written and edited many books, including Space Race: The U.S.-U.S.S.R. Competition to Reach the Moon. He is a curator in the Space History Division at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum.show more

Table of contents

Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 1. "A Long-Haired Air Force?": Henry Arnold, Edward Bowles, and Planning for Science and Technology Chapter 3 2. "Two Assignments Inextricably Related": The RAND Contract and Adapting the Military for Science and Technology Chapter 4 3. Bowles and the Corporate Ideal: The Associationalist Vision Seen and Lost Chapter 5 4. Reshaping RAND: Air Warfare as a Domain of Research Chapter 6 5. The Strategic Bombing System Analysis: Science and the Cold War State Chapter 7 Conclusionshow more

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