Cognitive Illusions
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Cognitive Illusions : Intriguing Phenomena in Judgement, Thinking and Memory

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Description

Cognitive Illusionsã explores a wide range of fascinating psychological effects in the way we think, judge and remember in our everyday lives. Featuring contributions from leading researchers, the book defines what cognitive illusions are and discusses their theoretical status: are such illusions proof for a faulty human information-processing system, or do they only represent by-products of otherwise adaptive cognitive mechanisms? Throughout the book, background to phenomena such as illusions of control, overconfidence and hindsight bias are discussed, before considering the respective empirical research, potential explanations of the phenomenon, and relevant applied perspectives. Each chapter also features the detailed description of an experiment that can be used as classroom demonstration.





Featuring six new chapters, this edition has been thoroughly updated throughout to reflect recent research and changes of focus within the field.





This book will be of interest to students and researchers of cognitive illusions, specifically, those focusing on thinking, reasoning, decision-making and memory.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 494 pages
  • 159 x 235 x 27.94mm | 680g
  • Psychology Press Ltd
  • Hove, United Kingdom
  • English
  • New edition
  • 2nd New edition
  • 14 Tables, black and white; 23 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1138903426
  • 9781138903425
  • 1,452,517

Table of contents

Introduction Cognitive illusions


Rudiger F. Pohl


I. Thinking


1. Conjunction fallacy


John E. Fisk


2. Base-rate neglect


Gordon Pennycook & Valerie A. Thompson


3. Probability matching


Ben R. Newell & Christin Schulze


4. Framing


Anton Kuhberger


5. Confirmation bias - Myside bias


Hugo Mercier


6. Illusory correlation


Klaus Fiedler


7. Illusions of control


Suzanne C. Thompson


8. Wason selection task


Jonathan St. B. T. Evans


9. Belief bias in deductive reasoning


Jonathan St. B. T. Evans


II. Judgment


10. Availability


Rolf Reber


11. Judgments by representativeness


Karl H. Teigen


12. Anchoring effect


Stepan Bahnik, Birte Englich, & Fritz Strack


13. Validity effect Catherine


Hackett Renner


14. Mere exposure effect


Robert F. Bornstein & Catherine Craver-Lemley


15. Halo effects


Joseph P. Forgas & Simon M. Laham


16. Overconfidence


Ulrich Hoffrage


17. Pollyanna principle


Margaret W. Matlin


III. Memory


18. Revelation effect


Andre Assfalg


19. Survival processing effect


Meike Kroneisen & Edgar Erdfelder


20. Labelling and overshadowing effects


Rudiger F. Pohl


21. Associative memory illusions


Henry L. Roediger, III, & David A. Gallo


22. Misinformation effect


Jacquie Pickrell, Dawn-Leah McDonald, Daniel M. Bernstein, & Elizabeth F. Loftus


23. Hindsight bias


Rudiger F. Pohl & Edgar Erdfelder


24. Retrieval-induced forgetting


Oliver Kliegl & Karl-Heinz T. Bauml


IV. Extensions


25. Suggestion and cognitive illusions


Gunter Molz & Rudiger F. Pohl
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About Rudiger F. Pohl

Rudiger F Pohl is Professor of Psychology at the University of Mannheim, Germany. His research interests include cognitive illusions, heuristics and decision making, and autobiographical memory.
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