Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes

Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes : A Case-Based Guide to Critical Thinking in Medicine

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Description

This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 588 pages
  • 155 x 235 x 27.94mm | 1,226g
  • Cham, Switzerland
  • English
  • 1st ed. 2019
  • 20 Tables, color; 200 Illustrations, color; 46 Illustrations, black and white; XIII, 588 p. 246 illus., 200 illus. in color.
  • 3319932233
  • 9783319932231
  • 937,222

Back cover copy

This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.
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Table of contents

An introduction to cognitive biases and how they led to errors and impact medical diagnoses

Aggregate bias

Anchoring

Availability

Base-rate neglect

Commission bias

Diagnosis momentum

Feedback sanction

Framing effect

Fundamental attribution error

Gambler's fallacy

Gender bias

Hindsight bias

Multiple alternatives bias

Omission bias

Order effects

Outcome bias

Overconfidence bias

Playing the odds

Posterior probability error

Premature closure

Psych-out error

Representativeness restraint

Search satisfying

Sutton's slip

Triage cueing

Unpacking principle

Vertical line failure

Visceral bias

Yin Yang

Strategies to improve critical thinking and minimize cognitive biases/diagnostic errors
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Review Text

"This book is a textbook explaining our cognitive errors. Its theme is medicine but the same errors occur everywhere. We all need to understand our psychological foibles in order to think clearly about every aspect of our lives and to make the best decisions. Every doctor would benefit from reading this book, and I wish it could be required reading in medical schools. I wish everyone who considers trying CAM would read it first." (Sciene-Based Medicine, sciencebasedmedicine.org, January, 2019)_
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Review quote

"This book is a textbook explaining our cognitive errors. Its theme is medicine but the same errors occur everywhere. We all need to understand our psychological foibles in order to think clearly about every aspect of our lives and to make the best decisions. Every doctor would benefit from reading this book, and I wish it could be required reading in medical schools. I wish everyone who considers trying CAM would read it first." (Sciene-Based Medicine, sciencebasedmedicine.org, January, 2019)
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About Jonathan Howard

Jonathan Howard MD

Assistant Professor, Neurology and Psychiatry

NYU Langone Medical Center

New York, NY
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Rating details

14 ratings
4 out of 5 stars
5 29% (4)
4 50% (7)
3 14% (2)
2 7% (1)
1 0% (0)
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