Cocaine and Methamphetamine Dependence : Advances in Treatment
While the APA's Textbook of Addiction Psychiatry covers material that a general psychiatrist or primary care physician needs for the appropriate referral and initial management of stimulant dependence, Cocaine and Methamphetamine Dependence: Advances in Treatment goes beyond this basic knowledge and addresses the rapid evolution of both the understanding and the treatment of stimulant abusers. It also sheds light on how the epidemiology of cocaine, amphetamine and methamphetamine abuse and dependence have substantial differences in geographic distribution both here and abroad, and how treatments are evolving to help these complex patients benefit from emerging pharmacological and behavioral therapies. Cocaine dependence complications account for one out of every three drug-related emergency room visits. Coroners' reports relate stimulants to the direct cause of death in 25% of cocaine overdoses and 68% of methamphetamine overdoses or as antecedents causing cardiovascular or medical problems leading to death in 20% of these abusers. Additionally, cocaine and methamphetamine abuse and dependence frequently co-occur with other major mental illnesses such as schizophrenia, major depression, and posttraumatic stress disorder. This makes a greater understanding of stimulant dependence among the psychiatric community an integral part of providing effective evaluation and treatment. Cocaine and Methamphetamine Dependence provides: Â An introduction of the DSM-5 plan to drop the distinction between abuse and dependence and add craving as a criterion. Â An overview of how the epidemiology of stimulant abuse is changing and pharmaceutical abuse is rising due to factors such as greater availability through family and friends who are increasingly being prescribed stimulants for conditions like weight loss or attention deficit disorder.Â The insight that even after long abstinence, stimulant users may remain vulnerable to amphetamine-induced psychosis, with delusions, paranoia and compulsive behavior.Â The insight that a comprehensive assessment of the patient involves the management of aberrant behaviors such as intoxication, violence, suicide, impaired cognitive function, and uncontrolled affective displays. Â A focus on treatment, emphasizing that the most important component of stimulant treatment involves behavioral therapies, often in combination with adjunctive medications. Â A review of the criminal justice system's shift away from punitive action and towards more human treatment, including the far-reaching benefits of medical management and treatment. Fortunately, our understanding of stimulant abuse and dependence is growing at a time when a steady stream of new users and casualties is still accumulating. Constant vigilance regarding changes in epidemiology, fluctuations in drug availability, and changes in drug trafficking patterns are essential to recognition of new drug abuse patterns and their identification and treatment. Cocaine and Methamphetamine Dependence should be on the bookshelf of residents, physicians and psychiatrists who are highly likely to come into contact with one of the millions using and abusing stimulants today.
- Paperback | 234 pages
- 152.4 x 226.06 x 17.78mm | 385.55g
- 21 Nov 2011
- American Psychiatric Association Publishing
- VA, United States
- 16 Tables, unspecified; 14 Line drawings, unspecified; 3 Halftones, black and white
Cocaine and Methamphetamine Dependence: Advances in Treatment provides a comprehensive summary of what psychiatrists and residents need to know about stimulant dependence and its treatment in order to move beyond the basics of this complex disorder. Ever-clearer evidence suggests stimulant dependence can be considered a brain disease. Indeed, neuroimaging studies indicate stimulant dependence may be acquired through epigenetic activation of a preexisting vulnerability in particular genes -- opening up opportunities to correct the underlying neurochemical abnormalities at the genetic level. Treatments for stimulant dependence are rapidly evolving, and this volume focuses on empirically validated treatments combining medication with behavior therapy. In addition, the authors report on a recent shift to more humane responses within the criminal justice system that has become crucial in obtaining treatment for the estimated 1.6 million cocaine and half-million methamphetamine users who abuse these drugs each day. Current, focused coverage of these and other key treatment considerations, such as HIV comorbidity and polydrug abuse, make this book essential reading for mental health clinicians.
About Thomas R. Kosten
Thomas R. Kosten, M.D., is J.H. Waggoner Chair and Professor of Psychiatry, Pharmacology and Neuroscience and Associate Vice President and Dean for Clinical Research at the Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas. He is also Professor of Psychiatry and Epidemiology at the M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, and Director, VA National Substance Use Disorders, Quality Enhancement Research Initiative (QUERI).Thomas F. Newton, M.D., is Professor of Psychiatry and Pharmacology at the Baylor College of Medicine and Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas.Richard De la Garza II, Ph.D., is Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Neuroscience, and Pharmacology at the Baylor College of Medicine and Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas. He is also Research Director and Associate Professor, Departments of Psychiatric Oncology and Behavioral Science, at the University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center.Colin N. Haile, M.D., Ph.D., is Assistant Professor of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the Baylor College of Medicine and Michael E. DeBakey VA Medical Center, Houston, Texas.
This book provides a comprehensive summary of stimulant dependence and treatment for stimulant use disorders in a clearly written and well-organized manner. It is an excellent resource for clinicians interested in more in-depth information about the history, pharmacology, and management of stimulant dependence than the information found in general psychiatry or general substance use disorders textbooksÂ . This is a well-organized book that provides practical and useful information for anyone involved in the treatment of individuals with stimulant dependence. The authors have done an excellent job of synthesizing the most current information in a manner that is both compelling and a pleasure to read. * Kathleen Brady, M.D., Ph.D., The American Journal of Psychiatry *
Table of contents
ContributorsForewordChapter 1. Epidemiology and Psychiatric ComorbidityChapter 2. History, Use, and Basic Pharmacology of StimulantsChapter 3. Diagnoses, Symptoms, and AssessmentChapter 4. Behavioral InterventionsChapter 5. PharmacotherapyChapter 6. Polydrug AbuseChapter 7. HIV and Other Medical ComorbidityChapter 8. Summary and Future DirectionsIndex