Clitics : An Introduction
In most languages we find 'little words' which resemble a full word, but which cannot stand on their own. Instead they have to 'lean on' a neighbouring word, like the 'd, 've and unstressed 'em of Kim'd've helped'em ('Kim would have helped them'). These are clitics, and they are found in most of the world's languages. In English the clitic forms appear in the same place in the sentence that the full form of the word would appear in but in many languages clitics obey quite separate rules of placement. This book is the first introduction to clitics, providing a complete summary of their properties, their uses, the reasons why they are of interest to linguists and the various theoretical approaches that have been proposed for them. The book describes a whole host of clitic systems and presents data from over 100 languages.
- Electronic book text
- 15 Aug 2012
- CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY PRESS
- Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
- Cambridge, United Kingdom
- 8 tables
Table of contents
1. Preliminaries; 2. The functions of clitics; 3. Types of clitic system; 4. Clitics and phonology; 5. Clitics and morphology; 6. Clitics and syntax; 7. Clitics, affixes and words; 8. Approaches to clitics; 9. Envoi.
'... a reliable and well organized guide through the fascinating world of clitics. The authors deserve praise for the lucid and balanced way in which they present and analyze clitic phenomena in such a remarkably wide range of languages.' Geert Booij, University of Leiden 'Clitics are the marsupials of language, a class of creatures lying between words and affixes. In this lucid introduction, Spencer and Luis show how clitics illuminate crucial properties of language.' Mark Aronoff, Stony Brook University
About Ana R. Luis
Andrew Spencer is Professor of Linguistics in the Department of Language and Linguistics at the University of Essex. Ana R. Luis is Assistant Professor of Linguistics in the Faculty of Arts at the Universidade de Coimbra, Portugal.