Introduction. Format of the ELM. Format of the EPT. How You Can Do Your Best. A Positive Approach. The Elimination Strategy. Avoiding the Misread. A Quick Review of Basic Strategies. Questions Commonly Asked About the ELM and EPT. PART I: ANALYSIS OF THE ELM EXAM AREAS. Introduction to the Entry Level Mathematics (ELM). Scoring the ELM. Basic Skills and Concepts You Should Be Familiar With. CSU ELM Topics. Strategies and Samples. Circle or Underline. Pull Out Information. Work Forward. Work Backward. Substitute Simple Numbers. Be Reasonable. Sketch a Diagram. Mark in Diagrams. Approximate. PART II: MATH REVIEW. A Quick Review of Mathematics. Symbols, Terminology, Formulas, and General Mathematical Information. Common Math Symbols and Terms. Math Formulas. Important Equivalents. Math Words and Phrases. Mathematical Properties. Some Properties (Axioms) of Addition. Some Properties (Axioms) of Multiplication. A Property of Two Operations. Arithmetic (Including Number Sense, Statistics, and Graphs). Arithmetic Diagnostic Test. Questions. Answers. Arithmetic Review. Place Value. Rounding Off. Estimating Sums, Differences, Products, and Quotients. Estimating Sums. Estimating Differences. Estimating Products. Estimating Quotients. Fractions. Common Fractions and Improper Fractions. Mixed Numbers. Reducing Fractions. Adding Fractions. Adding Mixed Numbers . Subtracting Fractions. Subtracting Mixed Numbers. Multiplying Fractions. Multiplying Mixed Numbers. Dividing Fractions. Simplifying Fractions. Decimals. Adding and Subtracting Decimals. Multiplying Decimals. Dividing Decimals. Conversions. Changing Decimals to Percents. Changing Percents to Decimals. Changing Fractions to Percents. Changing Percents to Fractions. Changing Fractions to Decimals. Changing Decimals to Fractions. Using Percents. Finding the Percent of a Number. Other Applications of Percent. Percentage Increase or Decrease . Signed Numbers (Positive Numbers and Negative Numbers). Adding Signed Numbers. Subtracting Signed Numbers. Multiplying and Dividing Signed Numbers. Absolute Value. Powers and Exponents. Negative Exponents. Operations with Powers and Exponents. Squares and Square Roots. Square Root Rules. Approximating Square Roots. Simplifying Square Roots. Parentheses. Order of Operations. Basic Statistics. Mean, Arithmetic Mean, or Average. Median. Mode. Graphs. Bar Graphs. Line Graphs. Circle Graphs or Pie Charts. Algebra. Algebra Diagnostic Test. Questions. Answers. Algebra Review. Variables and Algebraic Expressions. Evaluating Expressions. Equations. Solving Equations Containing Absolute Value. Understood Multiplying. Literal Equations. Cross Multiplying. Proportions. Monomials and Polynomials. Adding and Subtracting Monomials. Multiplying and Dividing Monomials. Working with Negative Exponents. Adding and Subtracting Polynomials. Multiplying Polynomials. Factoring. Solving Quadratic Equations. Operations with Algebraic Fractions. Reducing Algebraic Fractions. Multiplying Algebraic Fractions. Dividing Algebraic Fractions. Adding or Subtracting Algebraic Fractions. Inequalities. Graphing Inequalities. Solving Inequalities Containing Absolute Value. Solving for Two Unknowns--Systems of Equations. Addition/Subtraction Method. Substitution Method. Graphing Method. Basic Coordinate Geometry. Coordinate Graphs (x--y Graphs). Graphing Equations on the Coordinate Plane. Slope and Intercept of Linear Equations. Graphing Linear Equations Using Slope and Intercept. Finding the Equation of a Line. Geometry. Geometry Diagnostic Test. Questions. Answers. Geometry Review. Types of Angles. Types of Lines. Parallel Lines Cut by Transversal. Polygons. Triangles. Quadrilaterals. Other Polygons. Perimeter. Area. Circles. Parts of a Circle. Circumference and Area. Congruence and Similarity. Three--Dimensional Shapes. Volume. Surface Area. Coordinate Geometry and Measurement. PART III: TWO SIMULATED ELM PRACTICE TESTS. Practice Test 1. Reviewing Practice Test 1. Answer Key for Practice Test 1. Review Chart. Reasons for Mistakes . Answer Explanations for Practice Test 1. Practice Test 2. Reviewing Practice Test 2. Answer Key for Practice Test 2. Review Chart. Reasons for Mistakes. Answer Explanations for Practice Test 2. PART IV: ANALYSIS OF THE EPT EXAM AREAS. Introduction to the English Placement Test (EPT). The English Placement Test Online. Scoring the EPT. Introduction to the Essay Section. Essay Score. The Diagnostic Writing Service Comments. CSU English Placement Test Scoring Guide. A Close Look at the Essay. Reviewing the Writing Process. Writing the Essay. Proofreading. Sample Topic. Student Essay. Analysis of the Student Essay. Introduction to the Reading Skills Section. Samples and Strategies. Type I: Short Reading Passages. Type II: Vocabulary in Context (Replacing "Gliff" in Sentences). Type III: Sentence Relationships (Logical Relationships). Introduction to the Composing Skills Section. Samples and Strategies. Type I: Construction Shift (Restructuring Sentences). Type II: Sentence Correction (Selecting the Best Version of a Sentence). Type III: Missing Sentence (Choosing the Missing Sentence). Type IV: Supporting Sentence (Choosing a Sentence That Provides Support). PART V: SIMULATED EPT PRACTICE TEST. Practice Test. Reading Skills. Composing Skills. Answer Key: Sample Essay and Evaluation in Explanation Section. Reading Skills. Type 1: Short Reading Passages (Part A). Type II: Vocabulary in Context (Part B). Type III: Sentence Relationships (Part C). Composing Skills. Type I: Construction Shift (Part A). Type II: Sentence Correction (Part B). Type III: Missing Sentence (Part C). Type IV: Supporting Sentence (Part D). Analyzing Your Test Results. The Essay. Practice Test Analysis Sheet: Reading Skills. Analysis/Tally Sheet for Multiple--Choice Questions. Practice Test Analysis Sheet: Composing Skills. Analysis/Tally Sheet for Multiple--Choice Questions. Explanation of Answers. Sample Student Essay. Analysis of the Student Essay. Reading Skills. Type I: Short Reading Passages (Part A) . Type II: Vocabulary in Context (Part B). Type III: Sentence Relationships (Part C). Composing Skills. Type I: Construction Shift (Part A). Type II: Sentence Correction (Part B. Type III: Missing Sentence (Part C). Type IV: Supporting Sentence (Part D). PART VI: FINAL PREPARATION. The Final Touches.