Preface; 1. Clientelism in historical and comparative perspective Simona Piattoni; 2. Why is there no clientelism in Scandinavia? A comparison of the Swedish and Greek sequences of development Apostolis Papakostas; 3. Patronage and the reform of the State in England (1700-1860) Frank O'Gorman; 4. Clientelism in the building of the state and civil society in Spain Georgina Blakeley; 5. Constraints on clientelism: the Dutch path to modern politics (1848-1917) Nico Randeraad and Dirk Jan Wolffram; 6. Mass parties and clientelism in France and Italy Carolyn M. Warner; 7. From patronage to clientelism: comparing the Italian and Spanish Experiences Jonathan Hopkin and Alfio Mastropaolo; 8. Clientelism in a cold climate: the case of Iceland Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson; 9. Clientelism, interests and democratic representation Simona Piattoni.