Classical Philology Volume N . 14

Classical Philology Volume N . 14

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1919 edition. Excerpt: ...upon them adjectives, participles, nouns, and pronouns, and serving as antecedents for pronouns. I. ADJECTIVES The simplest and the most common type of implied agreement in Latin is that in which the four words ipse, unus, solus, and omnis are used in the genitive to intensify or to explain further the meaning of pronominal adjectives: e.g., suum ipsius caput (Livy xxx. 20. 8);1 sua unius gratia (Livy ii. 8. 3);a suo solius periculo (Cic. Cat. iv. 11. 23);8 vestram omnium vicem (Livy xxv. 38. 3). 1 The equivalence of the possessive adjective and the possessive genitive is well shown by the following quotation: rl)v yrjv frrav voplouoi nv Tqiv rotlilaiv tlvai rijierepav, Ttjv Si otptrepav Tsiv roeiiUav (Ar. Ran. 1464). For other uses in English see Kellner, Historical Outlines of English Syntax, pp. 157-59. To denote possession, it is, however, normal to employ with omnium the genitives nostrum and vestrum instead of their adjective derivatives; e.g., omnium nostrum fortuna (Livy xxv. 38. 2); voluntati vestrum omnium (Cic. De Oral. iii. 56. 209) As a rule, noster and vester are reserved for use with verbal nouns and hence are equivalent to subjective and objective genitives: e.g., nostro omnium fletu (Cic. Mil. 92); nostro omnium interilu (Cic. Cat. i. 4. 10); vestram omnium caedem (Cic. Cat. iv. 2. 4). Terence's construction nostram vitam omnium (Adel. 331)5 is extremely irregular and is anything but Ciceronian. Compare omnium nostram vitam salutemque (Cat. i. 6. 14) and vitam omnium vestrum (Cat. iii. 1. 1). Although synesis is most frequent with the quartet of words just cited, other adjectives may be so employed: e.g., vestris paucorum laudibus (Cic. Ad Brut. i. 7. 2); noster duorum eventus (Livy vii. 9. 8; cf. viii. 7. 7). In Greek, avrds more

Product details

  • Paperback | 146 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 8mm | 272g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236598172
  • 9781236598172