Classical and Involutive Invariants of Krull Domains

Classical and Involutive Invariants of Krull Domains

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Just suppose, for a moment, that all rings of integers in algebraic number fields were unique factorization domains, then it would be fairly easy to produce a proof of Fermat's Last Theorem, fitting, say, in the margin of this page. Unfortunately however, rings of integers are not that nice in general, so that, for centuries, math- ematicians had to search for alternative proofs, a quest which culminated finally in Wiles' marvelous results - but this is history. The fact remains that modern algebraic number theory really started off with in- vestigating the problem which rings of integers actually are unique factorization domains. The best approach to this question is, of course, through the general the- ory of Dedekind rings, using the full power of their class group, whose vanishing is, by its very definition, equivalent to the unique factorization property. Using the fact that a Dedekind ring is essentially just a one-dimensional global version of discrete valuation rings, one easily verifies that the class group of a Dedekind ring coincides with its Picard group, thus making it into a nice, functorial invariant, which may be studied and calculated through algebraic, geometric and co homological methods. In view of the success of the use of the class group within the framework of Dedekind rings, one may wonder whether it may be applied in other contexts as well. However, for more general rings, even the definition of the class group itself causes problems.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 260 pages
  • 160 x 240 x 17.53mm | 595g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1999 ed.
  • XV, 260 p.
  • 0792357191
  • 9780792357193

Table of contents

1. Krull domains and their modules.- 1.1 Krull domains.- 1.2 Lattices.- 1.3 Divisorial lattices.- 1.4 The modified tensor product.- 1.5 A torsion-theoretic point of view.- 2. Classical invariants.- 2.1 The class group.- 2.2 The Brauer group.- 2.3 Enters cohomology.- 2.4 The long exact sequence.- 2.5 A K-theoretic point of view.- 3 Involutions.- 3.1 The categories C*.- 3.2 Algebras with involution.- 3.3 Involutions of trivial Azumaya algebras.- 3.4 Hermitian Picard groups.- 3.5 A Morita duality point of view.- 4 Involutive Brauer groups.- 4.1 Saltman's theorem.- 4.2 The involutive Brauer group.- 4.3 Exact sequences.- 4.4 Cohomological interpretation.- 4.5 A geometric point of view.- 5 Functorial behaviour.- 5.1 Change of base ring.- 5.2 Divisorial descent.- 5.3 Separability and divisorial Galois theory.- 5.4 Norms.- 5.5 An Amitsur cohomology point of view.
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