Civil War Interventions and Their Benefits
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Civil War Interventions and Their Benefits : Unequal Return

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Description

The 2013 debate over whether the United States should intervene in the Syrian conflict raised important questions regarding the benefits countries receive when they intervene in civil wars, and how those benefits are distributed to the citizens of the intervening country. To address these lingering questions this book offers readers a comprehensive examination of the intervention process, examining the decision to intervene, what motivates states, and how their intervention shapes the conflict process. Most, importantly, the book examines how states benefit from their interventions and the distribution of intervenor benefits. Specially two questions are addressed: What are the benefits of intervention for intervening countries? And, how are benefits distributed within the intervenors society? Using evidence compiled from three case studies (El Salvador, The Philippines, and Sri Lanka), this book examines what motivated states to intervene, how they intervened, what they got from their intervention, and how the benefits of the intervention were distributed among the public. Arguing that foreign policy and security decision making is isolated from the general public, this book argues that citizens gain little from indirect interventions into civil wars.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 188 pages
  • 157.48 x 231.14 x 20.32mm | 317.51g
  • Lexington Books
  • Lanham, MD, United States
  • English
  • 8 tables, 9 graphs
  • 0739188860
  • 9780739188866

About Isaac M. Castellano

Isaac Castellano teaches political science at Boise State University and the College of Western Idaho.show more

Review quote

Castellano seeks to answer an important question: what are the benefits of interventions into civil wars, particularly for regular citizens in intervening states? The author examines factors that motivate states to intervene in civil wars, how interventions shape conflict dynamics, the benefits that are produced, and how those benefits are distributed in the short and long term following an intervention. Three civil wars are used as case studies: the 1979-1992 Salvadoran Civil War, the 1975-1988 conflict between the Moro insurgency and the Filipino government, and the 1983-1987 first Eelam War in Sri Lanka. The author creates a theory to explain state decision making that leads to civil war interventions using the criminal justice model of motive, means, and opportunity as well as a framework to understand how the benefits of the intervention are distributed among citizens in the intervening states. Findings from the case studies indicate that the benefits gained by the intervening states go to the political, economic, and security elites with citizens gaining very little from civil war interventions, indicating a disconnect among decision makers and citizens. Summing Up: Recommended. All readership levels. CHOICE Sparked by the policy debate surrounding the Syrian civil war, Isaac Castellano provides a unique angle on an important and timely question in world politics: Is intervention worth it? Based upon detailed historical analysis, Castellano finds that the answer to this question depends upon whom you ask. Political elites do tend to benefit from intervention, but the general public often loses out. This book will make readers take a critical look at the logic of the intervention policies of the U.S. and other democratic countries. -- Stephen E. Gent, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill States and international organizations intervene in the domestic politics of other states for a myriad of reasons, and scholars have gained significant ground in explaining how interventions in conflicts like Syria are apt to influence intra-war dynamics and post-conflict processes. In Civil War Interventions and Their Benefits: Unequal Returns, Castellano shifts the focus back to the intervening state. Seeking to understand who benefits from interventions and why, he argues that elites gain the lion's share of the benefits from intervening. Case studies of El Salvador, Philippines, and Sri Lanka provide strong supporting evidence. This book deserves to be read by anyone interested in civil wars, international relations, and foreign policy. -- Clayton Thyne, University of Kentuckyshow more

Table of contents

Chapter One: Introduction: The Syrian Case Chapter Two: The Benefits of Civil War Intervention Chapter Three: El Salvador and Cold War Chapter Four: The Moro National Liberation Front and the Philippine Government Chapter Five: Sri Lanka and the Tamil Minority in the Eelam War I (1983-1987) Chapter Six: Conclusion: Benefits for the few?show more