Cirrus

Cirrus

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Description

Cirrus clouds are high, thin, tropospheric clouds composed predominately of ice. In the last ten years, considerable work has shown that cirrus is widespread and more common than previously believed, and has a significant impact on climate and global change. As the next generation weather satellites are being designed, the impact of cirrus on remote sensing and the global energy budget must be recognized and accommodated. This book, the first to be devoted entirely to cirrus clouds, captures the state of knowledge of cirrus and serves as a practical handbook as well. Each chapter is based on an invited review talk presented at Cirrus, a meeting hosted by the Optical Society of America and co-sponsored by the American Geophysical Union and the American Meteorological Society. All aspects of cirrus clouds are covered, an approach that reaches into diverse fields. Topics include: the definition of cirrus, cirrus climatologies, nucleation, evolution and dissipation, mixed-phase thermodynamics, crystallinity, orientation mechanisms, dynamics, scattering, radiative transfer, in situ sampling, processes that produce or influence cirrus (and vice versa), contrails, and the influence of cirrus on climate.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 498 pages
  • 156 x 234 x 34mm | 821.02g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • New.
  • Numerous halftones, tables and figures
  • 0195130723
  • 9780195130720

Review quote

... this is a much-needed text for this field. Cirrus not only bridges the very large gap between elementary texts and forefront research papers but is also a summary of the current basic state of knowlege in this area. In any field of research that is significantly evolving, it is essential to redefine the state of knowledge from time to time, and Cirrus has done this. * The Holocene * Cirrus will, for many years to come, form a cornerstone of knowledge for new researchers entering the field of cirrus. * The Holocene *show more

Table of contents

1. Cirrus: History and Definition ; 2. Cirrus: A Modern Perspective ; 3. Ice Crystals in Cirrus ; 4. Mid-latitude and Tropical Cirrus: Microphysical Properties ; 5. Laboratory Studies of Cirrus Cloud Processes ; 6. Cirrus and Weather: A Satellite Perspective ; 7. Satellite Remote Sensing of Cirrus ; 8. Ground-based Remote Sensing of Cirrus Clouds ; 9. Molecular-Backscatter Lidar Profiling of the Volume-Scattering Coefficient in Cirrus ; 10. Structural and Optical Properties of Cirrus from LIRAD-type Observations ; 11. Contrial Cirrus ; 12. Subvisual Cirrus ; 13. Radiative Transfer in Cirrus Clouds: Light Scatting and Spectral Information ; 14. On Cirrus Modeling for General Circulation and Climate Models ; 15. GCM Simulations of Cirrus for Climate Studies ; 16. Ice Clouds in Numerical Weather Prediction Models: Progress, Problems and Prospects ; 17. Dynamic Processes in Cirrus Clouds: A Review of Observational Results ; 18. Dynamic Processes in Cirrus Clouds: Concepts and Models ; 19. Microphysical Processes in Cirrus and Their Impact on Radiation: A Mesoscale Modeling Perspective ; 20. Cirrus, Climate and Global Change ; 21. Cirrus: The Futureshow more