Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy
This volume brings together seven seminal papers by the great radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian topics, with an especial focus on persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a topic which conjures up ready images of inhumane persecutors confronted by Christian heroes who perish for the instant but win the long-term battle for reputation. In five of these essays Ste. Croix scrutinizes the evidence to reveal the significant role of Christian themselves, first as volunteer martyrs and later, after the triumph of Christianity in the early fourth century, as organizers of much more effective persecutions. A sixth essay pursues the question of the control of Christianity through a comprehensive study of the context for one of the Church's most important and divisive doctrinal decisions, at the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451); the key role of the emperor and his senior secular officials is revealed, contrary to the prevailing interpretation of Church historians. Finally the attitudes of the early Church towards property and slavery are reviewed, to show the divide between the Gospel message and actual practice.
- Hardback | 416 pages
- 140 x 216 x 28mm | 621.43g
- 23 Nov 2006
- Oxford University Press
- Oxford, United Kingdom
Table of contents
Introduction. Ste. Croix on Persecution ; 1. Aspects of the 'Great' Persecution ; 2. The Fourth Edict in the West and the Date of the Council of Elvira ; 3. Why Were the Early Christians Persecuted? ; 4. Voluntary Martyrdom and the Early Church ; 5. Heresy, Schism, and Persecution in the Later Roman Empire ; 6. The Council of Chalcedon ; 7. Early Christian Attitudes to Property and Slavery
The historian will find much to inform...him in these late papers. * M. J. Edwards, Journal of Theological Studies * It is a pleasure to report that Streeter's introduction is outstandingly good, offering a balanced assessment of de Ste. Croix's achievement together with a thoughtful and comprehensive survey of current scholarly debates about persecution and martyrdom...The volume as a whole is a bracing reminder of a formidable and much-missed scholar. * G. W. Bowerstock, The Catholic Historical Review * While the most important pieces in this volume are already well known to scholars the collection is to be welcomed for gathering together the writings of one of the most interesting historians ever to write about early Christianity...this volume remains a reminder of the power of history written with both intellectual acuity and personal political and social engagement. * Lucy Grig, Journal of Ecclesiastical Histoy * to be welcomed...a fitting tribute to an outstanding ancient historian of the twentieth century. * E.D. Hunt, The Classical Review *
About Geoffrey de Ste. Croix
Geoffrey de Ste. Croix was Fellow and Tutor in Ancient History at New College, Oxford from 1953 until 1977. He was elected a Fellow of the British Academy in 1972. He published Origins of the Peloponnesian War in 1972 and The Class Struggle in the Ancient Greek World in 1981; the latter book was translated into Spanish and Greek, and won the Isaac Deutscher Memorial prize for 1982.