Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology

Chinese Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology

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The articles in this collection were all selected from the first five volumes of the Journal of Dialectics of Nature published by the Chinese Academy of Sciences between 1979 and 1985. The Journal was established in 1979 as a comprehensive theoretical publication concerning the history, philosophy and sociology of the natural sciences. It began publication as a response to China's reform, particularly the policy of opening to the outside world. Chinese scholars began to undertake distinctive, original research in these fields. This collection provides a cross-section of their efforts during the initial phase.
To enable western scholars to understand the historical process of this change in Chinese academics, Yu Guangyuan's `On the Emancipation of the Mind' and Xu Liangying's `Essay on the Role of Science and Democracy in Society' have been included in this collection.
Three of the papers included on the philosophy of science are discussions of philosophical issues in cosmology and biology by scientists themselves. The remaining four are written by philosophers of science and discuss information and cognition, homeostasis and Chinese traditional medicine, the I Ching (Yi Jing) and mathematics, etc.
Papers have been selected on the history of both classical and modern science and technology, the most distinctive of which are macro-comparisons of the development of science in China and the west. Some papers discuss the issue of the demarcation of periods in the history of science, the history of ancient Chinese mathematics, astronomy, metallurgy, machinery, medicine, etc. Others discuss the history of modern physics and biology, the history of historiography of science in China and the history of regional development of Chinese science and technology.
Also included are biographies of three post-eighteenth-century Chinese scholars, Li Shanlan (1811-1882), Hua Hengfang (1833 1902), and Cai Yuanpei (1868 1940), who contributed greatly to the introduction of western science and scholarship to China. In addition, three short papers have been included introducing the interactions between Chinese scholars and three great western scientists, Niels Bohr, Norbert Wiener, and Robert A. Millikan.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 483 pages
  • 156 x 234 x 26.92mm | 1,910g
  • Dordrecht, Netherlands
  • English
  • 1996 ed.
  • 13 Tables, black and white; XIII, 483 p.
  • 0792334639
  • 9780792334637

Table of contents

Editorial Note; R.S. Cohen. Preface; Fan Dianian. Science, Democracy and Society. 1. On the Emancipation of the Mind; Yu Guangyuan. 2. Essay on the Role of Science and Democraqcy in Society; Xu Liangying. 3. Histroical Development of the Chinese Communist Party's Scientific Policy (Prior to the Founding of the People's Republic); Gong Yuzhi. 4. Speeches at the Qingdao Genetics Conference of 1956; Yu Guangyuan. 5. The Qingdao Conference of 1956 on Genetics: the Historical Background and Fundamental Experiences; Li Peishan, Meng Qinzhe, Huang Qinghe. Philosophy of Science. 6. Concepts of Space and Time in Ancient China and in Modern Cosmology; Fang Lizhi, Zhou Youyuan. 7. Information and Feedback in Epistemology; Jin Guantao, Hua Guofan. Time: a Philosophical Survey; Luo Jiachang. 9. The Concept of `Primordial Motion': Past and Present; Fang Lizhi. On the Unity of Biology and Physics; Ding Dafu. 11. Homeostasis and Chinese Traditional Medicine: Commenting on Cannon's The Wisdom of the Body; Chen Bu. 12. The Book of Changes and Mathematics; Dong Guangbi. History of Science and Technology. 13. The Structure of Science and Technology in History: On the Factors Delaying the Development of Science and Technology in China in Comparison with the West since the 17th Century (Part One); Jin Guantao, Fan Hongye, Liu Qingfeng. 14. Historical Changes in the Structure of Science and Technology (Part Two, a Commentary); Jin Guantao, Fan Hongye, Liu Qingfeng. The Problem of Demarcation of Periods in the History of Science; Xu Liangying. 16. A Brief Account of Chinese Studies of the History of Science and Technology in China; Lin Wenzhao. The Development of Modern Physics in China: the 50th Anniversary of the Founding of the Chinese Physical Society; Dai Nianzu. 18. A Preliminary Study of the Characteristics of Metallurgical Technology in Ancient China; Qiu Liagnhui. 19. Liu Hui's Theory of Mathematics; Mei Rongzhao. 20. A Comparison of the Structure of the Mathematical Systems of China and the West: Several Revelations from Information Theory; Le Xiucheng. 21. The Historical Value of the Nine Chapters on the Mathematical Art in Society and the Economy; Song Jie. 22. Studies of the South-Pointing Chariot: a Critical Survey of the Past 80 Years; Lu Jingyan. 23. A Comparison of Archimedes' and Liu Hui's Studies of Circles; Liu Dun. 24. The Struggle between Evolutionary Theory and Creationism in China; Zhang Binglun, Wang Zichun. 25. Why did Zheng He's Sea Voyage Fail to Lead the Chines to Make the `Great Geographical Discovery'? Song Zhenghai, Chen Chuankang. 26. The Effect of the Autocratic Monarchy of the Qing Dynasty on Science and Technology; Chen Yalan. 27. A Preliminary Analysis of Scientific Development and its Causes in Anhui Province during the Ming and Qing Dynasty; Zhang Binglun. 28. Li Shanlan: Forerunner of Modern Science in China; Wang Yusheng. 29. Hua Hengfang: Forerunner and Disseminator of Modern Science in China; Wang Yusheng. 30. Cai Yanpei's Contribution of China's Science; Gao Pingshu. 31. The Treatise on Fevers and Miscellaneous Diseases: Vicissitudes
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