The Chemistry and Technology of Coal

The Chemistry and Technology of Coal

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Description

The demand for coal use (for electricity generation) and coal products, particularly liquid fuels and chemical feedstocks, is increasing throughout the world. Traditional markets such as North America and Europe are experiencing a steady increase in demand whereas emerging Asian markets, such as India and China, are witnessing a rapid surge in demand for clean liquid fuels.





A detailed and comprehensive overview of the chemistry and technology of coal in the twenty-first century, The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition also covers the relationship of coal industry processes with environmental regulations as well as the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere.





Maintaining and enhancing the clarity of presentation that made the previous editions so popular, this book:








Examines the effects of combustion products on the atmosphere
Details practical elements of coal evaluation procedures
Clarifies misconceptions concerning the organic structure of coal
Discusses the physical, thermal, electrical, and mechanical properties of coal
Analyzes the development and current status of combustion and gasification techniques








In addition to two new chapters, Coal Use and the Environment and Coal and Energy Security, much of the material in this edition been rewritten to incorporate the latest developments in the coal industry. Citations from review articles, patents, other books, and technical articles with substantial introductory material are incorporated into the text for further reference.





The Chemistry and Technology of Coal, Third Edition maintains its initial premise: to introduce the science of coal, beginning with its formation in the ground to the production of a wide variety of products and petrochemical intermediates in the twenty-first century. The book will prove useful for scientists and engineers already engaged in the coal and/or catalyst manufacturing industry looking for a general overview or update on the clean coal technology as well as professional researchers and students in chemistry and engineering.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 845 pages
  • 178 x 254 x 50.8mm | 1,633g
  • CRC Press Inc
  • Bosa Roca, United States
  • English
  • New edition
  • 3rd New edition
  • 190 Tables, black and white; 344 Illustrations, black and white
  • 1439836469
  • 9781439836460
  • 2,100,250

Table of contents

Part I Character and Properties
Occurrence and Resources
Introduction
History
Rock Environment
Seam Structure
Reserves
Resources
References

Classification
Introduction
Classification Systems
Correlation of the Various Systems
Epilogue
References

An Organic Sediment
Introduction
Precursors of Coal
Coal-Forming Processes
Heteroatoms in Coal
Epilogue
References

An Organic Rock
Introduction
Physical Structure
Petrology
Petrography
Petrology, Petrography, and Behavior
References

Recovery
Introduction
Exploratory Drilling Equipment and Techniques
Mining
References

Preparation, Transportation, and Storage
Introduction
Coal Preparation
Size Reduction
Coal Cleaning
Coal Drying
Desulfurization
Coal Sampling
Transportation
Storage
References

Mineral Matter
Introduction
Origin of Mineral Matter in Coal
Occurrence
Mineral Types
Classification
Evaluation of Mineral Matter
Chemistry of Ash Formation
Effect of Mineral Matter in Coal
References

Coal Analysis
Introduction
Sampling
Proximate Analysis
Ultimate Analysis (Elemental Analysis)
Calorific Value
Reporting Coal Analyses
Precision and Accuracy
Interrelationships of Analytical and Physical Data
References

Coal Properties
Introduction
Physical Properties
Mechanical Properties
Thermal Properties
Electrical Properties
Epilogue
References

Organic Constituents
Introduction
Solvent Extraction
Chemical Methods
Spectroscopic Methods
Physical Property Methods
Heteroatoms
Molecular Weight
Assessment of Coal Structure
References

Solvent Extraction
Introduction
Physicochemical Concepts
Action of Specific Solvents
Composition of the Extracts
Solvolysis
Solvent Swelling of Coal
Epilogue
References

Chemical Reactivity
Introduction
Reactions with Oxygen (or Air)
Reactions with Oxidants
Bacterial Oxidation of Coal
Hydrogenation
Halogenation
Alkylation
Depolymerization
Hydrolysis
Miscellaneous Reactions
References

Thermal Reactivity
Introduction
Thermal Decomposition Processes
Physicochemical Aspects
Thermal Decomposition Products
References

Part II Technology and Utilization
Combustion
Introduction
Chemistry and Physics
Combustion Systems
Coal-Liquid Mixtures
Coal Combustion Products
References

Electric Power Generation
Introduction
Electricity from Coal
Steam Generation
Power Plant Waste
Coal-Water Fuels
Air Pollution Control Devices
Carbon Capture and Storage Technologies
References

Carbonization
Introduction
Physicochemical Aspects
Process Concepts
Coal Tar
Coke
Charcoal
References

Briquetting and Pelletizing
Introduction
General Concepts
Briquetting Technology
Charcoal Briquettes
Bio-Briquettes
Briquette Properties
Processes
Pelletizing
References

Liquefaction
Introduction
Physicochemical Aspects
Process Classification
Reactors
Products
References

Liquefaction Processes
Introduction
Pyrolysis Processes
Solvent Extraction Processes
Catalytic Liquefaction Processes
Indirect Liquefaction Processes
Coal Liquids Refinery
References

Gasification
Introduction
Gaseous Products
Physicochemical Aspects
Process Types and Reactors
Gasification of Coal with Biomass and Waste
Underground Gasification
Environmental Aspects
References

Gasification Processes
Introduction
Fixed-Bed Processes
Fluidized-Bed Processes
Entrained-Bed Processes
Molten Salt Processes
Underground Gasification
References

Clean Coal Technologies
Introduction
Historical Perspectives
Modern Perspectives
Clean Coal Technology
Managing Wastes from Coal Use
Carbon Dioxide Capture and Sequestration
References

Gas Cleaning
Introduction
Environmental Legislation
General Aspects
Particulate Matter Removal
Acid Gas Removal
Removal of Sulfur-Containing Gases
Removal of Nitrogen-Containing Gases
References

Chemicals from Coal
Historical Aspects
Coal Tar Chemicals
Fischer-Tropsch Chemicals
Chemicals from Methane
References

Environmental Aspects of Coal Use
Introduction
Production
Preparation
Transportation and Storage
Combustion
Carbonization
Liquefaction
Gasification
Clean Coal Technologies
References

Coal and Energy Security
Introduction
Energy Security
National Energy Plan and Coal Utilization
Electric Power Generation
Hydrogen from Coal
Energy Security and Sustainable Development
References



Glossary



Index
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About James G. Speight

Dr. James G. Speight is a senior fuel and environmental consultant with more than 45 years of experience in thermal/process chemistry, thermodynamics, refining of petroleum, heavy oil, and tar sand bitumen, and physics of crude with emphasis on distillation, visbreaking, coking units, and oil-rock or oil catalyst interactions. He earned B.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Manchester, England. He is the author of more than 45 books in petroleum science, petroleum engineering, and environmental sciences and has considerable expertise in evaluating new technologies for patentability and commercial application.
Although his career was focused predominantly in the commercial world, Dr. Speight has served as Adjunct Professor in the Department of Chemical and Fuels Engineering at the University of Utah and in the Departments of Chemistry and Chemical and Petroleum Engineering at the University of Wyoming. In addition he was a Visiting Professor in Chemical Engineering at the following universities: the University of Missouri-Columbia, the Technical University of Denmark, and the University of Trinidad and Tobago.
He is recognized internationally as an expert in the characterization, properties, and processing of conventional and synthetic fuels and as a chemist with more than Speight is currently Editor-in-Chief for the Journal of Petroleum Science and Technology (Taylor & Francis Publishers), Energy Sources-Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects (Taylor & Francis Publishers), Energy Sources-Part B: Economics, Planning, and Policy (Taylor & Francis Publishers), and Journal of Sustainable Energy Engineering (Scrivener publishing).
As a result of his work, he was awarded the Diploma of Honor, National Petroleum Engineering Society, for outstanding contributions to the petroleum industry in 1995 and the Gold Medal of Russian Academy of Sciences (Natural) for outstanding work in the area of petroleum science in 1996. He has also received the Specialist Invitation Program Speakers Award from NEDO (New Energy Development Organization, Government of Japan) in 1987 and again in 1996 for his contributions to coal research. In 2001, he was also awarded the Einstein Medal of the Russian Academy of Sciences in recognition of outstanding contributions and service in the field of geologic sciences. In 2005 he has been awarded the Gold Medal-Scientists without Frontiers, Russian Academy of Sciences in recognition of continuous encouragement of scientists to work together across international borders. More recently (2012) he was awarded a Doctorate in Petroleum Engineering from Dubna University (Moscow, Russia) for his outstanding contributions in the field of petroleum engineering.
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