The Chemistry of Food
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The Chemistry of Food

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A core subject in food Science, food chemistry is the study of the chemical composition, processes and interactions of all biological and non-biological components of foods. This book is an English language translation of the author's Czech-language food chemistry textbook. The first half of the book contains an introductory chapter and six chapters dealing with main macro- and micronutrients, and the essential nutritional factors that determine the nutritional and energy value of food raw materials and foods. It includes chapters devoted to amino acids, peptides and proteins, fats and other lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral substances and water. The second half of the book deals with compounds responsible for odour, taste and colour that determine the sensory quality of food materials and foods. It further includes chapters devoted to antinutritional, toxic and other biologically active substances, food additives and contaminants. Students, teachers and food technologists will find this book an essential reference on detailed information about the changes and reactions that occur during food processing and storage and possibilities how to manage them.
Nutritionists and those who are interested in healthy nutrition will find information about nutrients, novel foods, organic foods, nutraceuticals, dietary supplements, antinutritional factors, food additives and contaminants.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 1124 pages
  • 217 x 277 x 46mm | 3,184g
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 1. Auflage
  • black & white tables, figures
  • 1118383818
  • 9781118383810
  • 1,049,686

Back cover copy

This advanced textbook covers all the main macro- and micronutrients and the essential nutritional factors that determine the nutritional and energy value of foods and raw food material. It includes chapters devoted to amino acids, peptides and proteins, fats and other lipids, carbohydrates, vitamins, mineral substances and water, and additional chapters devoted to antinutritional, toxic and other biologically active substances,
food additives and contaminants.



Each chapter addresses one of the main individual components of food, reviewing its important properties and functions. Detailed descriptions and explanations of the changes and chemical/biochemical reactions that occur under different conditions are also covered. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the chemical composition of foods and the changes that occur during food production, processing and storage. With an extensive list of tables and comprehensive coverage, this almost encyclopaedic volume will be ideal for students at Masters-level and beyond, and as a vital all-in-one reference for professional food chemists, researchers and the food industry.



The Chemistry of Food is supported by a website of online resources, including web links to relevant news and journal articles, references and further reading, glossary of key terms, and revision notes for all topics/chapters.
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Table of contents

PREFACE vii ABOUT THE COMPANION WEBSITE ix CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 2 AMINO ACIDS, PEPTIDES AND PROTEINS 4 2.1 Introduction 4 2.2 Amino acids 4 2.3 Peptides 27 2.4 Proteins 35 2.5 Reactions 63 CHAPTER 3 FATS, OILS AND OTHER LIPIDS 87 3.1 Introduction 87 3.2 Classification 87 3.3 Fatty acids 88 3.4 Homolipids 108 3.5 Heterolipids 123 3.6 Miscellaneous simple and complex lipids 129 3.7 Substances accompanying lipids 132 3.8 Reactions 145 CHAPTER 4 SACCHARIDES 198 4.1 Introduction 198 4.2 Monosaccharides 199 4.3 Derivatives of monosaccharides 207 4.4 Oligosaccharides 217 4.5 Polysaccharides 230 4.6 Complex saccharides 278 4.7 Reactions 280 CHAPTER 5 VITAMINS 335 5.1 Introduction 335 5.2 Vitamin A 337 5.3 Vitamin D 345 5.4 Vitamin E 349 5.5 Vitamin K 356 5.6 Thiamine 359 5.7 Riboflavin 364 5.8 Niacin 367 5.9 Pantothenic acid 370 5.10 Pyridoxal, pyridoxol and pyridoxamine 372 5.11 Biotin 375 5.12 Folacin 377 5.13 Corrinoids 380 5.14 Vitamin C 384 5.15 Other active substances 396 CHAPTER 6 MINERALS 402 6.1 Introduction 402 6.2 Chemistry of minerals 404 6.3 Essential elements 416 6.4 Non-essential elements 442 6.5 Toxic elements 444 6.6 Toxic inorganic anions 451 6.7 Radionuclides 454 CHAPTER 7 WATER 459 7.1 Introduction 459 7.2 Drinking water 459 7.3 Water in foods 463 7.4 Structure 464 7.5 Properties 466 7.6 Interactions 466 7.7 Phase interfaces 473 7.8 Food dispersed systems 477 7.9 Water activity 494 CHAPTER 8 FLAVOUR-ACTIVE COMPOUNDS 499 8.1 Introduction 499 8.2 Odour-active substances 500 8.3 Taste-active substances 621 CHAPTER 9 PIGMENTS AND OTHER COLORANTS 656 9.1 Introduction 656 9.2 Tetrapyrroles 657 9.3 Other nitrogen pigments 669 9.4 Flavonoids 677 9.5 Xanthones 699 9.6 Curcuminoids 701 9.7 Isochromenes 701 9.8 Quinoid pigments 703 9.9 Carotenoids 713 9.10 Iridoids 730 9.11 Other terpenoid pigments 730 9.12 Enzymatic browning reactions 732 CHAPTER 10 ANTINUTRITIONAL, TOXIC AND OTHER BIOACTIVE COMPOUNDS 741 10.1 Introduction 741 10.2 Antinutritional compounds 743 10.3 Toxic compounds 747 CHAPTER 11 FOOD ADDITIVES 847 11.1 Introduction 847 11.2 Substances prolonging the shelf life of foods 848 11.3 Substances regulating odour and taste 863 11.4 Substances modifying colour 875 11.5 Substances modifying texture 882 11.6 Substances increasing biological value 888 11.7 Other food additives 888 CHAPTER 12 FOOD CONTAMINANTS 892 12.1 Introduction 892 12.2 Technological contaminants 894 12.3 Microbial toxins 942 12.4 Persistent organohalogen contaminants 963 12.5 Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons 999 12.6 Pesticides 999 12.7 Veterinary drugs 1022 12.8 Contaminants from packaging materials 1031 BIBLIOGRAPHY 1041 INDEX 1079
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Review Text

"This book, a translation from the Czech version, is anexcellent, thorough resource, complete with 37 pages of primaryreferences and a detailed, useful index. It willcertainly be valuable for the many food chemistry courses that areincreasingly being offered in chemistry departments. SummingUp: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates andabove." ( Choice , 1 January 2015)
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Review quote

This book, a translation from the Czech version, is an excellent, thorough resource, complete with 37 pages of primary references and a detailed, useful index. It will certainly be valuable for the many food chemistry courses that are increasingly being offered in chemistry departments. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. (Choice, 1 January 2015)
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About Jan Velisek

Jan Veli ek is Professor of Food Chemistry and Analysis at the Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT), Prague
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