Preface. Introduction; E.Homburg, A.S. Travis. Patterns of Industrialization. 1. The Rise of the Swiss Chemical Industry Reconsidered; C. Simon. 2. The Emergence of the Danish Chemical Industry: The Role Played by Chemists; J.J. Styhr Petersen. 3. The Italian Chemical Industry from 1861 to 1918; P.A. di San Filippo. 4. The Polish Chemical Industry: Isolated Developments in a Divided Country; R. Mierzecki. 5. Between Science and Industry: The Background and Formation of the Swedish Chemical Society during the 1880s; A. Lundgren. 6. An Issue of Different Mentalities: National Approaches to the Development of the Chemical Industry in Britain and Germany before 1914; H.G. Schroeter, A.S. Travis. Pollution. 7. Pollution and Public Concern: The Response of the Chemical Industry in Britain to Emerging Environmental Issues, 1860-1901; S. Wilmot. 8. Robert Angus Smith and the Alkali Inspectorate; P. Reed. 9. Pollution and the Dutch Chemical Industry: The Turning Point of the 1850s; E. Homburg. 10. Pollution and the Chemical Industry: The Case of the German Dye Industry; A. Andersen. Chemists and Companies. 11. Structural Locations for Chemists in the British Alkali Industry, 1850-1910; J. Donnelly. 12. Temperature Control in the Chemical and Metallurgical Industries, 1870-1910; S. Bennett. 13. An Instrument of Corporate Strategy: The Central Research Laboratory at BASF 1868-1890; C. Reinhardt. 14. Heinrich Caro and Ivan Levinstein: Uniting the Colours of Ludwigshafen and Lancashire; A.S.Travis. 15. Innovation in the German Pharmaceutical Industry, 1880 to 1920; W. Wimmer. 16. Academic Research and Technological Innovation in Chemistry: The Case of Paul Schutzenberger (1829-1897); G. Emptoz. 17. Daniel August Rosenstiehl (1839-1916): An Alsatian Chemist in the Synthetic Dyestuffs Industry; A.-C. Dere. Notes on Contributors. Index.