Chemical Engineer Volume 9-10

Chemical Engineer Volume 9-10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1909 edition. Excerpt: ...frcm the yard into the railroad trucks. The capacity of these trucks is 200 bags each. Most of the machinery used in these nitrate plants is of English manufacture, as also are the engines and rolling stock of the railways serving the nitrate-producing districts. Of these railway lines, the most important is the Nitrate Railway Co., Ltd., taken over by Colonel North, once known in the business world as the "Nitrate King," in 1874, from the Peruvian concessionaries, Montero & Hos. This line has Iquique for its starting point and separates at the Central station, about 35 miles east of Iquique, into two branches running along the nitrate belt as far as Lagunas, in the south, and the port of Pisaqua, in the north, with an approximate total length of 240 miles. This line handles the bulk of the freight. The other lines serving the fields are the Agua Santa Ry. Co., the Junin Ry., Antofagasta & Oruro Ry., and Taltal Ry. The nitrate shipping ports are, in order of importance, Iquique, Antofagasta, Caleta Buena. Junin, Tocopilla, Pisagua, Mejillones, Taltal and Coloso. None of these ports can be considered a good harbor, and the ships are obliged to anchor 3 or 4 miles distant from the shore. The bags of nitrate are usually loaded in launches, by means of cranes and taken to the ships in the offing in these launches. Before loading the bags in the launches, the weight of the nitrate is taken by custom-house officers, which weight serves the government in the collection of the export duties. In 1880, when the Chilean government took ovet the nitrate provinces, the export duty was fixed at a Fig. 12--Diagram of Nitrate Refining Plant. comparatively low rate; it has been gradually increased, however, until today it stands at...
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Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 23mm | 789g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236896734
  • 9781236896735