Chambers's Encyclopaedia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People Volume 10

Chambers's Encyclopaedia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People Volume 10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1886 edition. Excerpt: ...who had lost his hand in the service of his country.--See Nota and Queries for July 17, 1867, p. 35. ARTIFICIAL LIMBS. Fig. 2. are copies of his drawings of 'an hand made artificially of iron (fig. 1), ' and of 'the form of an arm made of iron verie artificially (fig, 2).' He also gives a drawing of 'a wooden leg made for a poor man' (fig. 3), which is simply the common wooden leg with bucket receptacle still in use. No improvements worthy of record were made from the time of Ambrose Par6 to the beginning of the present century, when Baillif of Berlin constructed a hand which did not exceed a pound in weight, and in which the fingers, without the aid of the natural hand, not only exercised the movements of flexion and extension, but could be closed upon and retain light objects, such as a hat, and even a pen. 'Artificial hands, ' says Mr Heather Bigg, 'are now constructed, by means of which a pin may be picked up from the ground, a glass raised to the lips, food carried to the mouth, and a sword drawn from its scabbard, and held with considerable firmness; while a combined arm and hand is fabricated, which is equal to the ordinary requirements of histrionic declamation.'--Orthopraxy, 1865, p. 157. The utility of an artificial arm depends much on the nature of the stump. A stump above the elbow is best suited for an arm when it gradually tapers to its lowest end, and terminates in a rounded surface. When an arm is removed at the shoulder-joint, and there is no stump, an artificial arm can still be fixed in its proper place by means of a corset. In amputation below the elbow-joint, the best stump is one which includes about two-thirds of the forearm; while a stump formed by amputation at the wrist is very unsatisfactory. The simplest form of
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Product details

  • Paperback | 914 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 46mm | 1,597g
  • Miami Fl, United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236606728
  • 9781236606723