Chambers's Encyclopaedia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge Volume 10

Chambers's Encyclopaedia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge Volume 10

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1901 edition. Excerpt: ...only 1650 feet Gneiss and granite predominate in the north, and elsewhere porphyry and sandstone. Gold and copper mines are being worked, and other minerals more or less abundant are silver, iron, tin, mercury, mica, beautiful marbles, slate, gypsum, cobalt, and columbite; diamonds also have been found in Minas. But little has been done so far to exploit the mineral wealth of t he country. Uruguay enjoys on the whole a delightful climate; the temperature normally does not fall lelow 35 nor rise much above 90 F. The flora includes many useful trees, amongst them the palm, brilliant flowers, and a host of medicinal plants. Of the fauna may lie mentioned the jaguar and puma, the wild cat, tapir, deer, rhea, parakeets, humming-birds, plentiful waterfowl in the lagoons, and snakes (rattlesnake, a cross-marked viper, &c), lizards, and venomous spiders. The population, estimated at 684,000 in 1889, and again at 830,000 in 1898, is made up mainly of half-breeds, from whom the Gauchos (q.v.) are drawn; but the foreign element, in which Basques and Italians are most prominent, is rapidly increasing. In 1891 more than two-thirds of all the children liorn had foreign blood on the side of one at least of their parents. The leading industrys still the raising of cattle and sheep, the latter mainly in the south and west. Six-sevenths of all the exports are embraced under the head of pastoral and saladero produce. Liebig's factory is at Fray Bentos (q.v.). Uruguay possesses some 16,000,000 head of sheep and 6,000,000 of cattle, valued at over $76,000,000. Agriculture takes up only 1,500,000 acres, mostly under wheat and maize, though tobacco, grapes, and olives also are grown. There are several agricultural colonies, chiefly Swiss, Spanish, and Italian. The...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 954 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 48mm | 1,665g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236504151
  • 9781236504159