Chambers's Encyclopa E Dia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge Volume 2

Chambers's Encyclopa E Dia; A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge Volume 2

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1883 edition. Excerpt: ... birth to undergo, is styled a Jiodhitaita (having the essence of knowledge); a mere caudidate I for Nirvana is an arhat (venerable). BUDDHISM--BUDDING. system of belief that seeks to supplant other systems, finds itself enticed to present something to rival and outdo them, if possible, in every point. Even the Christian church, in the middle ages, adopted with this view many of the rites and legends of paganism that were quite inconsistent with its own character; merely casting over them a slight disguise, and giving them Christian names. Prayer, too, is natural to man--an irrepressible instinct, as it were, and had to be gratified. And then the inconsistency in uttering prayers when there is no one to hear or answer, glaring as it appears to us, is by no means great to the Eastern mind. Prayers, like other sacred formulas, are conceived less as influencing the will of any superior being to grant the request, than as working in some magical way--producing their effects by a blind force inherent in themselves. They are, in short, mere incantations or charms. Even the prayers of a Brahmin, who believes in the existence of gods, do not act so much by inclining the deity addressed to favour the petitioner, as by compelling him through their mysterious potency--through the operation of a law above the will of the highest gods. The Buddhist, then, may well believe that a formula of prayer in the name of 'the Venerable of the world' will be potent for his good in this way, without troubling himself to think whether any conscious being hears it or not. The element in Buddhism which more than any other, perhaps, gave it an advantage over all surrounding religions, and led to its surprising extension, was the spirit of universal charity more

Product details

  • Paperback | 942 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 47mm | 1,647g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236762622
  • 9781236762627