Census of India, 1901 Volume 1

Census of India, 1901 Volume 1

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1903 edition. Excerpt: ...raiyats stating the number of pdwdi held and the rent paid by each. Having furnished this account, any new raiyats who may wish to have lands in the village, after having the quantity and rent settled, have a goti given to them. If any of the old raiyats require any new land, a goti is taken for that, but not for the old cultivation. The makato collects the rent as the instalments become due, according to the abovementioned account given to the farmer; and all differences as to the amount of rent payable by a raiyat, if any ever arise, which very seldom happens, are settled by the opinion of the makato. So well does this mode answer in practice, that in point of fact a dispute as to the amount of rent owed by a raiyat is of rare occurrence. When a farmer wishes to cheat a raiyat, he accuses him of having cultivated more land than he is entitled to, or of owing him maswdr or grain rent for land held in excess; and if such a thing as a dispute as to the amount of rent owed ever does arise, the mdkato's evidence is generally considered conclusive by both parties." (3) Pdhn.--The importance of the pdhn, or priest of the village gods, may be inferred from the current phrase in which his duties are contrasted with those of the makato. The pdkn, it is said, "makes the village " gdon bandtd), while the makato only " manages it" (gdon chalatd). He must be a bkuinkdr, as no one but a descendant of the earnest settlers in the village could know how to propitiate the local gods. He is always chosen from one family; but the actual pdkn is changed at intervals of from three to five years by the ceremony of the sup or winnow ing-fan, which is used as a divining rod, and taken from house to house by the boys of the village. The...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 166 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 9mm | 308g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 123694710X
  • 9781236947109