Cavitation

Cavitation : Third International Conference

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Description

Much research work has been done on the subject of cavitation in recent years. The third international conference on cavitation, organized by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and held in Cambridge in December 1992, brought together experts from a wide range of industries and universities to report on current developments in cavitation. The great variety of topics discussed included fluid machinery, cavity dynamics, cavitation scaling and cavitation erosion. Some of the papers presented were: the chemical effects of collapsing cavitation bubbles, propeller blade sections with improved cavitation inception speed, experience with an acoustic cavitation monitor for water turbines, collapse of a cavitation bubble in a stagnation point flow. This volume is a collection of the papers presented at the conference.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 326 pages
  • 200 x 250mm | 871g
  • Professional Engineering Publishing
  • Bury St Edmunds, United Kingdom
  • Ill.
  • 0852988044
  • 9780852988046

Table of contents

Part 1 Cavity dynamics: cavitation nuclei at solid-liquid interfaces; some analytical aspects on the dynamics of a cluster of bubbles; collapse of a cavitation bubble in a stagnation point flow; the characteristics of bubble occurrence near the cavitation inception region behind a circular cylinder; the influence of internal phenomena on gas bubble motion; cavities, jets and toroidal bubbles; cavitating vortex - collapse visualizations and induced damage; cavitation damage by bubbles collapsed by shock-waves; cavitation and induced shock wave-bubble interaction as a cause of human tissue damage in extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy. Part 2 Cavitation erosion: the effects of air injection upon cavitation erosion; cavitation erosion prediction by quantification of surface integrity; quantitative prediction of erosion damage to metallic materials exposed to cavitation attack; cyclic deformation and phase transformation in cavitation erosion of alloys; cavitation erosion of engineering materials; cavitation observations of severely erosive vortex cavitation arising in a centrifugal pump; experimental investigation of scale effects in cavitation erosion; international cavitation erosion test - summary of results; cavitation erosion of SiC-whisker-reinforced aluminium composite; observations on localized plasticity and work-hardening in magnesium oxide crystals during the initial stages of cavitation damage. Part 3 Chemical effects: erosion-retarding effect of corrosion inhibitor; erosion-corrosion synergism for multi-phase flowline materials; the chemical effects of collapsing cavitation bubbles. Part 4 Cavitation scaling: scaling experiments on the dynamics and acoustics of travelling bubble cavitation; cavitation inception - new scaling laws, developed by consideration of a parameter of influence generally blurring experimental results. Part 5 Fluid machinery - ship propellers: propeller-induced hull pressure pulses and vibration due to cavitation; cavitation correlation and nuclei investigations in two water tunnels - comparisons in the HYKAT and the medium size tunnel; propeller blade sections with improved cavitation inception speed; ventilated cavities in tip vortices; propeller-hull vortex cavitation on a dynamically positioned support vessel; a comparative study with conventional and ducted propellers; observations and speculations on propeller cavitation induced vibration excitation. Part contents.
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