Cathedrals of Science
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Cathedrals of Science : The Personalities and Rivalries That Made Modern Chemistry

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Description

In Cathedrals of Science, Patrick Coffey describes how chemistry got its modern footing-how thirteen brilliant men and one woman struggled with the laws of the universe and with each other. They wanted to discover how the world worked, but they also wanted credit for making those discoveries, and their personalities often affected how that credit was assigned. Gilbert Lewis, for example, could be reclusive and resentful, and his enmity with Walther Nernst may have cost him the Nobel Prize; Irving Langmuir, gregarious and charming, "rediscovered" Lewis's theory of the chemical bond and received much of the credit for it. Langmuir's personality smoothed his path to the Nobel Prize over Lewis. Coffey deals with moral and societal issues as well. These same scientists were the first to be seen by their countries as military assets. Fritz Haber, dubbed the "father of chemical warfare," pioneered the use of poison gas in World War I-vividly described-and Glenn Seaborg and Harold Urey were leaders in World War II's Manhattan Project; Urey and Linus Pauling worked for nuclear disarmament after the war. Science was not always fair, and many were excluded. The Nazis pushed Jewish scientists like Haber from their posts in the 1930s. Anti-Semitism was also a force in American chemistry, and few women were allowed in; Pauling, for example, used his influence to cut off the funding and block the publications of his rival, Dorothy Wrinch. Cathedrals of Science paints a colorful portrait of the building of modern chemistry from the late 19th to the mid-20th century.show more

Product details

  • Hardback | 400 pages
  • 157.48 x 236.22 x 30.48mm | 657.71g
  • Oxford University Press Inc
  • New York, United States
  • English
  • 26 black and white halftones, 31 line illustrations
  • 0195321340
  • 9780195321340
  • 596,458

Review quote

... a gripping page-turning narrative that elegantly combines popular science with a serious history of science. * Chemistry World * Coffey aims at unveiling how different personal characteristics led to differences in scientific styles. How friendships, camaraderie, enmities and rivalries played a role in shaping developments in science, in strengthening scientific and social networks, in articulation of research groups, in the establishment of codes of conduct between senior researchers and young students, and in responding to various political context, often extreme as in the case of the two world wars. Definitely, it is when discussing how conflicts of personalitites and controversies over scientific matters shape the real world of physical chemistry, that the author excels. * Metascience *show more

About Patrick Coffey

Coffey spent most of his career in the design of instruments for chemical research and was a co-founder of a number of scientific instrument companies. In 2003, he began research into the history of chemistry at the University of California, Berkeley.show more

Table of contents

Prologue ; 1. The Ionists- Arrhenius and Nernst ; 2. Physical Chemistry in America- Lewis and Langmuir ; 3. The Third Law and Nitrogen-Haber and Nernst ; 4. Chemists at War-Haber, Nernst, Langmuir, and Lewis ; 5. The Lewis-Langmuir Theoru-Lewis, Langmuir, and Harkins ; 6. Science and the Nazis-Nernst and Haber ; 7. Nobel prizes-Lweis and Langmuir ; 8. Heavy Water, Acids and Bases, Plutonium-Lewis, Urey, and Seaborg ; 9. The Secret of Life-Pauling, Wrinch, and Langmuir ; 10. Pathological Science-Langmuir ; 11. Lewis's Last Days ; Epilogue ; Endnotes ; Sources, Acknowledgements, and Selected Bibliographyshow more

Rating details

85 ratings
4.01 out of 5 stars
5 34% (29)
4 39% (33)
3 22% (19)
2 4% (3)
1 1% (1)
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