Cancers in the Urban Environment

Cancers in the Urban Environment

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Description

This volume, the first of its kind ever, is designed to provide both laypersons and professionals with a detailed description of the occurrence of each common form of cancer in the ethnically, socially, and environmentally complex milieu of a modern urban complex. The place is Los Angeles County, and the patterns of 72 different malignancies are described according to race, age, sex, social class calendar time (since 1972) and most notably, individual neighborhood, using detailed maps of high risk.

The book permits residents to screen the malignancies and identify those of special concern locally, and to identify other communities with similar concerns. The pattern of each malignancy is briefly discussed with reference to background knowledge of causation and the degree to which the observed pattern was expected on that basis. Persons residing outside Los Angeles County will identify patterns likely to prevail in their own communities.

Physicians and scientific investigators in California and elsewhere can use the material provided to counsel patients and evaluate the consistency of any specific pattern of occurrence with each specific causal hypothesis. A detailed appendix describes the source of data, provides the basis for the choices made in the production of the volume, and gives a perspective on the search for "clusters" of malignancy.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 656 pages
  • 224 x 282 x 34mm | 2,222.63g
  • Academic Press Inc
  • San Diego, United States
  • English
  • Approx. 1000 illustrations; Illustrations, unspecified
  • 0124643515
  • 9780124643512
  • 2,117,723

Table of contents

Foreword
Introduction
Intentions
Resources
Methods
Guide To The Figures
Interpretations
Chance
Bias And Confounding
The Search For Local Causes
Scientific And Technical Notes
Oropharyngeal Carcinoma
Salivary Gland Malignancies
Squamous Carcinoma Of The Esophagus/Gastric Cardia
Adenocarcinoma Of The Esophagus/Gastric Cardia
Adenocarcinoma Of The (Lower) Stomach
Carcinoma Of The Small Intestine
Colon Carcinoma, Total (Both Upper And Sigmoid)
Carcinoma Of The Upper Colon
Carcinoma Of The Sigmoid Colon
Carcinoma Of The Rectum
Hepatocellular Carcinoma
Cholangiocarcinoma
Gall Bladder Carcinoma
Biliary Tract Carcinoma
Pancreas Carcinoma
Carcinoma Of The Nose/Sinuses
Carcinoma Of The Larynx
Lung And Bronchus Carcinoma, Total (All Types)
Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Lung And Bronchus
Large Cell Carcinoma Of The Lung And Bronchus
Small Cell Carcinoma Of The Lung And Bronchus
Adenocarcinoma Of The Lung And Bronchus
Bronchioalveolar Carcinoma
Undifferentiated Carcinoma, Further Unspecified
Carcinoma Of The Lung And Bronchus, Other
Mesothelioma
Soft Tissue Sarcoma
Angiosarcoma
Kaposi Sarcoma
Osteosarcoma
Ewing's Sarcoma
Malignant Chordoma
Malignant Melanoma
Breast Carcinoma
Squamous Cervix Carcinoma (Invasive)
Endometrial (Uterine Corpus) Carcinoma
Epithelial Carcinoma Of The Ovary
Germ Cell Malignancies
Prostate Carcinoma
Anogenital Adenocarcinoma
Anogenital Squamous Carcinoma
Mixed Cell Genital Tumors
Transitional (Non-Squamous) Bladder Carcinoma
Squamous Bladder Carcinoma
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Wilms Tumors (Nephroblastoma)
Retinoblastoma
Brain Malignancies (Gliomas)
Spinal Cord Malignancies
Neurolemoma (Nerve Sheath Malignancy)
Neuroblastoma
Malignant Meningioma
Follicular Carcinoma Of The Thyroid
Papillary Carcinoma Of The Thyroid
Other Carcinoma Of The Thyroid
Pituitary Carcinoma
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia
Carcinoma Of The Thymus
Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Other Hodgkin's Lymphoma
All Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas
(All Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Types)
Follicular Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Diffuse Large B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Diffuse Small Lymphocytic Or Plasmacytic B-Cell
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Diffuse Mixed B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
High Grade Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
T-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Maltoma Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Other Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas
(All Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Types)
Stomach Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas
(All Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Types)
Other Gastrointestinal Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas
(All Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Types)
Lymph Node/Other Organ Non-Hodgkin's Lymphomas
(All Lymphoma Types)
Multiple Myeloma
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Hairy Cell Leukemia
Acute Non-Lymphocytic Leukemia
Chronic Myelocytic Leukemia
Other Leukemias
All Malignancies Of Infants/Toddlers
All Malignancies Of Children
All Malignancies Of Young Adults
All Malignancies Of Older Adults
All Malignancies
Overall Summary
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Review quote

"I highly recommend the book to anyone who is interested in geographic patterns of cancer incidence and their interpretation."
-Dr. Laurence Kolonel, M.D., Ph.D., Cancer Research Center of University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Outstanding reference volume regarding cancer statistics in L.A. and the urban environment- every library should have a copy."
-Dr. Johnathan Said, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Los Angeles, CA

"...the whole book is beautifully produced. The writing style is clear and concise. I would warmly recommend the book."
-Dr. D.M. Parkin, Chief, Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer)

"To have a source of information like this is invaluable...The book will stay on my most accessible shelf."
-ParaKrama Chandrasoma, Professor of Pathology, University of Southern California
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About Thomas M. Mack

Thomas M. Mack is an internationally renowned researcher specialized in the life style factors related to the development of cancer. He is founder of International Twin Registry, a continent-wide series of comparisons between patients with chronic diseases and their unaffected twins; and California Twin Program, an analogous program of studies among twins who differ in lifestyle or personal exposures and experiences.
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Review Text

"...the book is very approachable for the non-expert and shows both the complexity of geographic patterns of cancer and the ability to understand them...I would certainly recommend the book. I highly recommend the book to anyone who is interested in geographic patterns of cancer incidence and their interpretation...The book is very well written and is especially approachable for the lay reader."
- Dr. Laurence Kolonel, M.D., Ph.D., Cancer Research Center of University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Outstanding reference volume regarding cancer statistics in L.A. and the urban environment. Easy to read. Thumbnail summaries are useful. Outstanding reference book- every library should have a copy."
-Dr. Johnathan Said, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Los Angeles, CA

"...the whole book is beautifully produced. The writing style is clear and concise. I particularly appreciated the introductory sections, which provide a nice summary of the interpretation of small area statistics for non-specialistsI would warmly recommend the book to three groups of people: Health Department of L.A., who doubtless have to answer multiple queries about unusual cancer occurrences, Epidemiologists who wish to present small area health data, and Teachers of epidemiology."
-Dr. D.M. Parkin, Chief, Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer

"To have a source of information like this is invaluable...The coverage of topics is extremely thorough. Every conceivable cancer type has been covered. The classifications used are modern and up to date even to a pathologist who deals with these diseases continuously. I found no gaps...The book will stay on my most accessible shelf and I will use it as my most facile and accurate resource...I would certainly buy this book and keep it as a treasured cancer research reference...I will tell my students that this is a great starting place for developing new research projects and finding new causes of various types of cancer."
-ParaKrama Chandrasoma, Professor of Pathology, University of Southern California (JULY 2004) "...the book is very approachable for the non-expert and shows both the complexity of geographic patterns of cancer and the ability to understand them...I would certainly recommend the book. I highly recommend the book to anyone who is interested in geographic patterns of cancer incidence and their interpretation...The book is very well written and is especially approachable for the lay reader."
- Dr. Laurence Kolonel, M.D., Ph.D., Cancer Research Center of University of Hawaii at Manoa

"Outstanding reference volume regarding cancer statistics in L.A. and the urban environment. Easy to read. Thumbnail summaries are useful. Outstanding reference book- every library should have a copy."
-Dr. Johnathan Said, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Los Angeles, CA

"...the whole book is beautifully produced. The writing style is clear and concise. I particularly appreciated the introductory sections, which provide a nice summary of the interpretation of small area statistics for non-specialists.I would warmly recommend the book to three groups of people: Health Department of L.A., who doubtless have to answer multiple queries about unusual cancer occurrences, Epidemiologists who wish to present small area health data, and Teachers of epidemiology."
-Dr. D.M. Parkin, Chief, Unit of Descriptive Epidemiology, International Agency for Research on Cancer

"To have a source of information like this is invaluable...The coverage of topics is extremely thorough. Every conceivable cancer type has been covered. The classifications used are modern and up to date even to a pathologist who deals with these diseases continuously. I found no gaps...The book will stay on my most accessible shelf and I will use it as my most facile and accurate resource...I would certainly buy this book and keep it as a treasured cancer research reference...I will tell my students that this is a great starting place for developing new research projects and finding new causes of various types of cancer."
-ParaKrama Chandrasoma, Professor of Pathology, University of Southern California (JULY 2004)
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