Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Other British Provinces in North America

Canada, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the Other British Provinces in North America : With a Plan of National Colonization

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The Cornish-born traveller and writer James Silk Buckingham (1786-1855) campaigned energetically for social reform while a Member of Parliament during the 1830s. He later spent four years in North America, and in 1839 travelled on to Canada to investigate its social and economic landscape. In this revealing account, first published in 1843, Buckingham recalls his experiences in the Eastern provinces. He found the Canadians to be civilized, hospitable, hard working and unfailingly loyal to Britain (unlike the independent Americans, who he reports they despised). He also encountered evidence of widespread poverty, and argues that in order to advance Canada's economy and, in turn, that of Britain, new emigrants needed better financial support from the British government. He concludes by calling for a new system whereby land, labour, skill and capital would be optimally utilized, in a pioneering proposal that he expected to prove controversial.
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Product details

  • Electronic book text
  • Cambridge University Press (Virtual Publishing)
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 7 b/w illus. 1 map
  • 1139060260
  • 9781139060264

Table of contents

Preface; 1. Departure from the United States for Canada; 2. Sketch of the history of York or Toronto; 3. Resemblances and differences between Canada and the United States; 4. Facts connected with the recent rebellion in Upper Canada; 5. Departure from Toronto; 6. Visit to the Kingston Penitentiary; 7. Departure from Kingston for Montreal; 8. Early history of Montreal; 9. Situation of Montreal; 10. Municipal government; 11. Monument to Lord Nelson; 12. Departure from Montreal for Quebec; 13. Earliest intercourse with Canada; 14. Description of the city in its present state; 15. Religious establishments of the French Catholics; 16. Visit to the Citadel with the chief engineer; 17. Commerce of Quebec; 18. Visit to the Falls of Montmorenci; 19. General sketch of the history of Canada; 20. Departure from Quebec; 21. First settlement of Nova Scotia by the French; 22. General description of the Province of Nova Scotia; 23. Cape Breton; 24. Island of Newfoundland; 25. Leave Halifax for journey to Windsor; 26. History of New Brunswick and St. John; 27. Departure for Fredericton; 28. General view of the Province of New Brunswick; 29. Capacity of our colonies to relieve the mother-country of her surplus population; 30. Departure from Fredericton; 31. Intended journey through Mexico, and voyage by the Pacific to China; Supplementary chapter; Postscript; Index.
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