Cameos from English History Volume 6
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1887 edition. Excerpt: ...a trial, or with a deferred sentence. 3rd. That if no cause be proved against him, he should be delivered. 4th. That every freeman has full property in his estate and goods, and that no tax, loan, nor benevolence should be levied on it without consent of the Parliament. The practices here complained of seemed to Charles and his statesmen necessary engines of government, enjoyed by all other kings, and not to be yielded without a struggle. The power of imprisoning a dangerous person without trial was held to be for the safety of the kingdom and even for the good of the man himself, since he was thus hindered irom committing a crime. Louis XIII., or rather Richelieu, was using the power largely in France, and though to us it seems a monstrous thing, yet in the seventeenth century the novelty was in appealing against it, and even now, in disturbed times, suspensions of the habeas corpus act are necessary. Many a Jacobite gentleman was--often to his own great relief--kept from following out his principles in 1715 and 1745 by a timely arrest before he could put himself within the reach of the penalties of high treason; and even in our own day, the suspension has been required and enforced in Ireland. Thus Charles was most unwilling to cede this right. The form the question took was whether--When a commitment to prison was by the King, the cause must needs be specified in the warrant; and over this there was a two months' argument. The matter was of vital importance to Englishmen; but meanwhile the Rochellois were waiting in vain for the promised aid. After long disputes, what was called the Petition of Right was drawn up and presented to the King, with the plain intimation that on it the subsidies depended. The points in it were--1st. That...
- 189 x 246 x 11mm | 386g
- 13 Sep 2013
- United States
- black & white illustrations