Information Structure and Sentence Form

Information Structure and Sentence Form : Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representations of Discourse Referents

4.18 (11 ratings by Goodreads)
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Why do speakers of all languages use different grammatical structures under different communicative circumstances to express the same idea? Professor Lambrecht explores the relationship between the structure of the sentence and the linguistic and extra-linguistic context in which it is used. His analysis is based on the observation that the structure of a sentence reflects a speaker's assumption about the hearer's state of knowledge and consciousness at the time of the utterance. This relationship between speaker assumptions and formal sentence structure is governed by rules and conventions of grammar, in a component called 'information structure'. Four independent but interrelated categories are analysed: presupposition and assertion, identifiability and activation, topic, and focus.
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Product details

  • Paperback | 408 pages
  • 156 x 234 x 27mm | 600g
  • Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 2 Tables, unspecified
  • 0521587042
  • 9780521587044
  • 693,602

Table of contents

Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Information; 3. The mental representations of discourse referents; 4. Pragmatic relations: topic; 5. Pragmatic relations: focus; 6. Conclusion; Bibliography; Index.
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Review quote

'It represents the state of the art in functional syntax.' Journal of Linguistics "It represents the state of the art in functional syntax." Journal of Linguistics "I recommend that this book be placed in all field libraries, and that consultants in discourse, syntax, and translation be familiar with t." Robert A. Dooley, Notes on Linguistcs
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Rating details

11 ratings
4.18 out of 5 stars
5 45% (5)
4 27% (3)
3 27% (3)
2 0% (0)
1 0% (0)
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