The Cambridge Biblical Hebrew Workbook

The Cambridge Biblical Hebrew Workbook : Introductory Level

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Description

This workbook can be used together with any elementary Biblical Hebrew grammar, by students at colleges, seminaries or universities. It applies many of the tools of modern language acquisition to make learning this classical language an active and inspiring process. Well-known Hebrew names are used as a pedagogical aid to memorising grammar and vocabulary. Original biblical texts are focused upon. The exercises are based on a stock of frequently used words which is gradually enlarged. The vocabulary and grammar learnt early on are regularly revised and reinforced in later exercises. The student is carefully guided through the exercises by means of boxed notes on key points. A key to the exercises is included. The translations provided follow the Hebrew text very closely. This workbook enables students to develop their understanding of the general systematic sound changes in Biblical Hebrew, progressively providing a stable foundation and deeper insight into the language.show more

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Review quote

'These text samples are well chosen, and are annotated with supplementary new vocabulary, and guidelines on how to make optimal use of them. The workbook contains a number of other user-friendly devices ... Exploration of the layout and variety of exercises contained in this workbook shows that much care and practical experience has gone into the production of this excellent tool, and that the author has neither oversimplified nor unduly complicated the endeavour of learning Biblical Hebrew for beginning students. She has provided an excellent alternative approach, and enriched this with numerous practical exercises, which, if faithfully and systematically carried out, should produce a rich harvest.' Journal of Semitic Studiesshow more

Table of contents

1. Hebrew alphabet; Vowel signs and their pronunciation; 2. Dissimilarity between sounds and spelling; Dagesh; Vowel letters; Silent Aleph; Diphthongs; Word stress; 3. 'Long' and 'short' vowels; Vowel categories; Full and simple vowels; Transliteration of vowels; Shva; Supporting vowels for gutterals; Relationship between consonants and vowels; Verbless clause; Independent personal pronouns in singular; 4. Syllable types; Consonant and vowel clusters; Syllable division; Qamets-/o/; Basic rule of vocalisation; 5. Relationship between vowels and stress; Unchangeable and changeable vowels; Regular vowel change; Definite article; Adjectives and nouns: inflection of gender and number; Independent personal pronouns in plural; 6. Special readings (Qere); Inseparable prepositions; Usage of adjectives; Accent signs and pause; 7. Word formation in general; Unchangeable and changeable consonants; Regular consonant change; Unchangeable and changeable root types; Inseparable prepositions followed by YHWH; 8. Conjunction and Demonstrative pronouns; Noun types; Regular masculine nouns; Regular feminine nouns; Penultimate nouns; 9. Twin-consonant nouns; Irregular nouns; Formation of nouns and adjectives; Vowel raising ('attenuation'); Existence/non-existence; Have/have not; Full and defective writing; 10. Nouns: free and bound forms; Noun chains; Adjective-plus-noun chain; Quantifier 'kol'; 11. Pronouns: attached forms; Prepositions and adverbs with 'singular' attached pronouns; Nouns in singular with attached pronouns; 12. Prepositions with 'plural' attached pronouns; Nouns in plural with attached pronouns; Questions; Sound changes across word boundaries; More about sound changes in pause; 13. Verb system; Perfect in general: form and meaning; (Qal, the G-stem) perfect: (unchangable verbs), verbs with gutturals, Aleph verbs, the irregular verb; Vowel lowering (Philippi's Law); Verbal clause; 14. Object marker; Direction marker; Verbal clause with variant word order; Verbal clause with an additional personal pronoun; Particles-as-intensifiers; Denoting immediate presence; 15. Perfect: vav/yod (hollow) verbs, twin-consonant verbs, vav/yod verbs; Relative clauses; Usage of the verb 'be'; 16. Imperfect in general: form and meaning; Imperfect (unchangeable verbs), verbs with gutturals, Aleph verbs, the irregular verbs; 17. Imperative; Lengthened imperfect; Shortened imperfect; Negative commands and prohibitions; Particle-as-intensifier; 18. Participles in general; Participles: form, usage and negation; Participles with tense markers; Conjunctions; 19. Infinitives in general; Infinitives: form, usage and negation; Quotation marker; 20. Verb chains; Inverting-vav; Usage of verb chains; Expression of purpose and result; Perfect with attached object pronouns; 21. (The N-stem): form and meaning; Imperfect and imperative with attached object pronouns; 22. (The D- and Dp-stems): form and meaning; 23. (The HtD-stem): form and meaning; 24. (The H- and Hp-stems): form and meaning; 25. Imperfect: Aleph verbs; Imperfect, imperative and infinite: vav/yod verbs, nun verbs and vav/yod verbs; 26. 'One another' (expression of reciprocity); Verbs with two direct objects (double transitivity); Time frame; Expression of wish; Adverbs and adverbial constructions; 27. Imperfect vav/yod verbs and twin-consonant verbs; vav/yod verbs and twin consonant verbs; Oaths; 28. Numerals; Denoting age; Conditional clauses; Four styles of Biblical prose: text samples; I. Narrative texts; II. Legal texts; III. Parables and proverbs; IV. Prophetic speeches; Appendix I. Hebrew via Hebrew names; Appendix II. Regular sound changes in Hebrew; Appendix III. Guide to grammatical terms; Hebrew-English vocabulary; English-Hebrew vocabulary; Key.show more

About Nava Bergman

Nava Bergman teaches Biblical and modern Hebrew at the Department of Oriental and African Languages, Goteborg University, Sweden.show more