The Cabling Handbook

The Cabling Handbook

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The Cabling Handbook, Second Edition is a thorough, up-to-the-minute professional's guide to every aspect of LAN and telecommunications cabling, from planning through installation and management. From Category 5 twisted pair to the latest fiber-to-the-desktop solutions, it's all here: standards, product comparisons, topology and architecture design, electrical and safety considerations, and more. This new second edition has been updated with extensive new coverage of fiber technologies, home networking, cable modems, and many other key topics. It offers expert guidance for every step of the cabling system lifecycle, from planning and specification, to choosing installers, testing, certification, and maintenance. Cabling expert John Vacca goes beyond LANs, reviewing key cable-related issues associated with campus networks, WANs, the Internet and xDSL, as well as today's increasingly viable wireless alternatives. You'll also find extensive coverage of tools and techniques for documenting and managing cabling systems. The book contains detailed, up-to-date listings of top cable installers, fiber optic cable manufacturers, cable labeling vendors, wireless systems providers, and more. Whether you buy, sell, or manage cabling systems, The Cabling Handbook, Second Edition will help you maximize quality and minimize disruption -- now, and for decades to more

Product details

  • Hardback | 1360 pages
  • 178.6 x 235 x 58.7mm | 1,896.04g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Prentice Hall
  • Upper Saddle River, United States
  • English
  • 2nd edition
  • 0130883174
  • 9780130883179

About John R. Vacca

JOHN VACCA, an information technology consultant and author of 24 technology books, is based in Pomeroy, OH. He was previously a computer security official for NASA's International Space more

Table of contents

(NOTE:Chapters end with From Here and Notes.)I. OVERVIEW OF CABLING TECHNOLOGY. 1. Types of Cable and Hardware. Copper, Fiber, or Wireless Media: Choose One. Copper Media. Unshielded Twisted Pair Cabling. Shielded Twisted Pair. A Comparison: STP Versus UTP. Coaxial Cable. Fiber Optic Media. Fiber Optic Components. The Right Fiber Optic Cable. Fiber Optic Transmitter. Fiber Optic Receiver Specifications. Fiber Optic Cable Connectors. Copper Versus Fiber Cable. Fiber Advantages: Ethernet Networks. Challenges. Solutions. ATM/FDDI. The WAN Backbones. Wireless Media. So What Really is a Wireless LAN? The Wireless Technology. Key Specifications. The Wireless LAN Industry Standard Based System. Regulatory Compliance of Wireless LAN Systems. Flexible and Growing.2. Types of Networks. Local Area Network. Wide Area Network. Virtual Area Networks. The Telecommuting Factor. VAN Example. Connectivity Factor. Cable Modem Technology. Internet. Wave One: The Public Domain Internet. Internet Use. Intranets. A Cost-Effective and Timely Solution. A Good Fit? Intranet Architectural Design: Integrating Information Design with Business Planning. Getting Started in Creating a WWW Intranet Site. Intranet Infrastructure. Extranet. Nailing It Down. Extranet Development. System Maintenance. Industry Standards. Virtual Private Networks. Intranet VPNs. Remote Access VPNs. VPNs Based on IP Tunnels.3. Standards. Network Cabling Standards Organizations. International. Regional. National. Network Cabling Standards. ANSI TIA/EIA-568-A. ANSI/TIA/EIA- 569-A. ISO/IEC 11801. IEEE 802.x. ISDN.4. Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) Versus Cable. Technology Issues. DSL: What is It? How Does it Work? DSL Types. DSL versus Cable Modems. Current State of Cable Modem Access versus DSL. DSL Progress is Thwarted. Lab Tests. Prevalence of Cable Modems and DSL in Major U.S. Markets. Unsure Users. Comparison of Cable Modem versus DSL: Speed and Cost. Performance. Value. Security. No Surprise Here. Choices. Planning Implications for the Enterprise Network Manager. Enterprise Network Management Capabilities. Enterprise Network Management Architecture. Viability. Future of Cable Modems and IDSL.5. Types of Vendor and Third-Party Cabling Systems. Mechanics. Scheduling. Churn. Standard Vendor or Third-Party Cabling System Installation. Lucent Technologies Cabling System Solutions. Lucent Technologies: SYSTIMAX, Power Sum, and BAS. Central Office Solutions: ExchangeMAX. Home/Office Solutions: HomeStar Wiring System. Public Networks Solutions: Fiber Cabling System. The 3Com Worldwide 1000BASE-T Cabling System. 1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet over Category 5 Copper Cabling). The IBM Cabling System. S/3X and AS/400. Nortel IBDN. Gigabit Cabling System Solutions. MOD-TAP. The MOD-TAP Structured Cabling System. Business Communication Systems. Customer Sales and Service. Conferencing and Collaboration. Distributed and Mobile Workforce. Multimedia Messaging and Response. Networking. ITT Cabling Systems. Power Sum Cables, Connectors, and Systems. 622 Mbps OC-12 ATM Support for Copper. Radio Frequency (RF) Support via Structured Cabling Systems. International Cabling Systems. Test Results. High-Speed Data Transmission and UTP Cabling Systems. The Advantages of Using UTP Cabling Systems. AMP Connect. What's on AMP Connect? Certification and Warranty. KRONE. Structured Cabling Services. Millennium Technologies of New Boston. 3P: Third-Party Link Testing and Certification of Existing Cable for Data Applications. PerfectSite. SYSTIMAX SCS.II. DESIGNING CABLING SYSTEMS. 6. NETWORK DESIGN ISSUES. Components. Category. Topology. 10BaseT Cabling Specification. Horizontal Cabling. Distribution Frames. Backbone Cabling. Connecting Hardware. Patch Cables. Installation Planning and Practices. Topology. Main Types of Physical Topologies. 10BaseT Cabling Specification. Topology and Cabling. Advantages and Disadvantages. Cabling Considerations. Horizontal Cabling. Backbone Cabling. Multiple Wiring Closets with Backbone Connection. Backbone Cabling Services Evaluation. Connecting Hardware. Twisted Pair Connectors. Patch Cables. Bridging the Ethernet Gap. Application Testing and Network Certification Design Issues. Network Design Documentation Issues. Network Design Standards and Technology Issues. Network Design Third-Party Nonstandard Technology Issues. Cisco Systems Network Design Issues. Leviton's Nonstandard Structured Cabling Technologies. Novell Networking Nonstandard Design Issues for Important High-Speed Cabling Technologies.7. Cost Justification and Consideration. The Fiber Cabling Cost Curve. It's Alive! It's Alive! 389 Lowering Component Costs. From Here. Notes.8. Standards Design Issues. The Good without the Bad and the Ugly. Even Better News: Designing Distributed Cabling System Standards. Function. Electrical. Topology. Management. New Standards Design Issues. Category 6 or Category 7. CENELEC Standards.9. Architectural Design Considerations. Complexity of Information Technology. Electrical Design and Data/Communication Cabling Systems Distribution Considerations. Distribution and Electrical Needs. Designing Electrical Loads. Electrical Circuits. Workstation Electrical Loads. Branch Circuits. Specialized Types of Circuits. Clean Power. Power Problems. Protection Systems. Cable Design Considerations. Basic Cable Categories. Local Area Networks. Cabling Topologies. Building or Structured Cabling Considerations. Structured Cabling. Equipment Rooms or Wiring Closets. Vertical Distribution. Horizontal Distribution. Typical Floor Distribution Cabling Systems.10. Copper Design Considerations. Different Media for Physical Layer. Diagrams for STP and UTP. UTP. STP. Shielded versus Unshielded Cables. Data Link Layer Standard. The Ethernet Way. The IEEE Way. Building Wiring Standard. Category 5 UTP Design Considerations. Wire is Wire. Category 5. Category 5 Cables are Created Equal. What's Next? Digital Subscriber Line. Management Capabilities. Network Architecture. Viability. The Future.11. Wireless Design Considerations. Wireless ATM: Wide Area Interconnection of Heterogeneous Networks. Reasons for Wireless ATM. Wireless ATM Architecture. Standards. Current Projects. Wireless Communications Hardware and Applications. Hand-Held Communications Terminal. Wireless Interface Processor. Remote Data Collection. Example of an Arielnet Wireless Communications Application. Personal Communication Service. Interoperability and Interworking. Market Forecast. Site Acquisition Issues. Interconnection. Numbering Issues. Public Service Obligations. Universal Service. Wireless Access to Enhanced 911 Emergency Services. The Wireless LANs. Configuration of WLAN. Pros and Cons. Technology Options. IEEE 802.11 Standard. The Future of Wireless.III. FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS: A HANDS-ON APPROACH. 12. Fiber Types and Materials. Fiber Types. Major Benefits. Functional Basics. How Fibers Guide Light: Fiber Cable Construction. Light Rays and Light Waves. Single-Mode (SMF) and Multimode Fiber (MMF) Specifications. Step-Index Multimode Fiber. Graded-Index Multimode Fiber. Single-Mode Fiber. How Single Mode and Multimode are Different. Choosing Fiber Based on Your Communication Needs. Trading Ease for Highest Performance. Planning and Investing for the Future.13. Specifying Fibers. The CSMA/CD Protocol. ISO-OSI Seven Layer Model. Operation of CSMA/CD. Handling Collision. When Should Collisions Take Place? Microseconds, Bytes, and Bits. Loss and Attenuation of Fibers. Collisions and Attenuation. Full-Duplex Ethernet (FDX): Removing Collisions. What Next: No More Collisions? Twisted Pair Cabling. Fiber Optic Transmitters. Understanding How Loss is Measured: Fiber Attenuation/Connector Issues. Fusion Splice Losses/Termination. Inherent Loss Factors: Scattering and Absorption. Testing Fiber Attenuation. Sources for Loss Measurements. Using a Loss Test Set: Transmission versus OTDR Tests. OTDR Measurement Uncertainties. Optical Power versus Attenuation: Optical Transmitters. Putting It Together: Budgeting the Loss. Bandwidth: The Capacity for Information. What Does System Modal Distribution Look Like? The Effect on Measurements. Modes. Bandwidth Testing: Dispersion. Testing Bandwidth: When Bandwidth is an Issue. Physical Sizes of Fiber. Dealing with Manufacturing Tolerances: Choosing a Launch Cable for Testing. Installation Examples. Estimating Attenuation.14. Using Fiber Optic Transmitters and Receivers. Light Sources Used in the Field. LEDs. Laser Diodes. Wavelength Division Multiplexing. Detecting Light with Photodiodes. Choosing the Right Detector. What to Look for in Test Instrumentation. Responsivity: The Calibration Factor.15. Designing Cable Plants. Indoor Cable. Fiber Optic Indoor Cable Structural Issues: Connection, Identification, and Installation. Fiber Optic Indoor Cable Structural Issues: Why Tight Buffer is Common. Outdoor Cable. Fiber's Effect on System Reliability. Fiber Network Availability. Maximizing Availability by Increasing MTBF. Maximizing Availability by Decreasing MTTR. Outdoor Fiber Optic Cable Plant Preventive Maintenance and Monitoring. Benefiting from Structured Fiber Optic Cabling Options. Surveying Structured Fiber Optic Cabling Standards. Providing a Structured Fiber Optic Cabling Option without the Benefits of a Fiber Upgrade.16. Verifying Cable Installations: Testing Tips and Techniques. Acceptance/Verification Testing after Initial Installation. Test Equipment. Required Tests. Handling and Cleaning Procedures. Testing Procedure Steps. Bandwidth Verification. Other Things to Do before System Start-Up. Examining Cable Plant Loss. Locating Mismatch Problems. Troubleshooting Fiber Optic Systems. Knowing When to Troubleshoot. Common Steps to Identify the Problem. Surviving with Fiber Optics.17. OTDR: Optical Time Domain Reflectometer. Testing Fiber Optic Paths with OTDR. When Do You Use OTDRs: Before, During, or After Fiber Optic Cable Installation? How Does an OTDR Work? Interpreting OTDR Traces. Capabilities of OTDR: Understanding the Physics (and Errors) of the Measurement. Overload Recovery. Ghosts. Backscatter Variability Errors. Overcoming Backscatter Errors. Resolution Limitations of OTDR. Special Consideration for Multimode Fiber. Measuring Fiber, Not Cable Distance. Examples of How to Use the OTDR and Avoid Errors: Relying on Your Own Interpretation. OTDR Trace Markers. This Trick Can Help.18. Selecting Connectors and Splices. Identifying Different Types of Connectors. Widespread Fiber Optic Connectors. Fusion and Mechanical Splices. Fusion Splices. Pros and Cons of Mechanical Splicing. Splice Loss Testing and Connector Quality. Inspecting Connectors with a Microscope. Connector and Splice Durability. Finding Bad Connectors. Mode Power Distribution Effects on Loss in Multimode Fiber Cables. Optical Return Loss Testing of Cable Assemblies.19. Building Connectors and Splices. Splicing. Connectorization. Practical Fiber Termination. Connector Types. Installing ST Connectors. The Changing Connector Scene. Termination Procedures. Multimode Terminations. Epoxy/Polish. Hot Melt. Crimp/Polish. Anaerobics. Prepolished/Splice. Hints for Doing Field Terminations. Connector Choice. Have the Right Tools for the Job. Dust and Dirt Are Your Enemies. Don't Overpolish. Remember Single-Mode Fiber Requires Different Connectors and Polishing Techniques. Change Polishing Film Regularly. Keep Them Covered. Inspect, Test, and Then Document. Tuning Splices. Fusion Splices. Mechanical Splices. Which Splice?20. Cutting-Edge Technologies. Advanced Fiber Optic Components. Fiber Couplers. Fiber Optical Amplifiers (FOAs). WDM to DWDM. Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing: A Reality Check. Advantages of Specialty Fiber.IV. PLANNING FOR HIGH-SPEED CABLING SYSTEMS. 21. Data Compression. The Dominant Network Technology. Network Reliability. Troubleshooting and Management Tools. Scalability. Low Cost. Driving Network Growth. The Strategic Alternative for Intranets and LANs. Migration to Performance. Low Cost of Ownership. Support for New Applications and Data Types. Flexible Internetworking and Network Design. Fast Ethernet Technology. Full- and Half-Duplex over Fiber Today and UTP in the Future. Fiber Channel Components. Fast Ethernet Products. Ethernet and Higher-Level Services. Fast Ethernet Migration. Network Types. Access to Bandwidth. From Remote Site into Private Backbone or Carrier. Within the Backbone or Carrier Service. What is Bursting? Data Compression as Access Amplifier. Demanding More Bandwidth. Open More Channels. Present More Frames/Packets/Cells. Bandwidth Poverty. The Bandwidth Utilization Fallacy. The Bandwidth-Intensive Application Fallacy. Horizontal versus Vertical Cable Bandwidth. Options to Increase Horizontal Bandwidth. Theoretical Bandwidth of UTP/STP Cable. Availability of Sufficient Strategies. New Online Compressed Satellite Encryption-Based Technology. Real-Time Compression Router. Digital Wireless Communications.22. Implementation Plan Development. Onsite Installation: Software Configurations. Scheduling Factors. Cancellations and Reschedules. Pricing and Delays. User Responsibilities before Installation. Responsibilities of the Installer. Meeting Site Requirements. Ventilated System. Taking Proper Precautions. Using Equipment Racks. Proper Power Requirements. Electrostatic Discharge Damage Prevention. Site Survey. Cabling Distance Connectivity Limitations and Requirements. Channel Attachment. Fast Ethernet. E1-G.703/G.704. Ethernet. HSSI. Multichannel. Serial. Synchronous Optical NETwork (SONET). Token Ring. Interference. External Connections.V. INSTALLATION OF THE CABLING SYSTEM. 23. Testing Techniques. Amid Changing Requirements: Keeping Your Cable Test Capabilities up to Date. Straddling the Shifting Standards. Optimizing Field Test Methods. Planning for Future Tester Migrations. The Testing Itself. ACR. Testing Terminology. Copper Cable Testing. Fiber Optic Cable Testing. Testing Activities. Environment. Chassis Accessibility. Cooling and Airflow. Power. Test Cabling Requirements Techniques. FDDI Transmissions. CDDI. IEEE 802.3 Ethernet 10BaseF Ports. Ethernet 10BaseT Ports. EIA/TIA-232 Signals. Test Network Topology Overview. Modem Test Requirements. Test Tools and Materials Required. Field Testing Cable and Components Prior to Installation. Field Testing Unshielded Twisted Pair Cabling Systems with TSB-67. Field Testing Fiber Optic Cabling Systems with EIA/TIA Procedures. Code Compliance and/or Safety Recommendations and Considerations. Safety with Equipment Powered by Electricity. Preventing Electrostatic Discharge Damage. Improving Your Quality Through Third-Party Testing. Third-Party Testing.24. Installation. Installing a Cabling System. General Guidelines. Installation Suggestions. Installation of Interbuilding Cables: Outside or between Buildings. Installation of Intrabuilding Cable within Buildings. Installing Equipment Cable. Installing Horizontal Cabling and Hardware. Cable Plant Sectioning. Cable Splicing. Labeling. Installing a Local Area Network. Network Cabling Installation Choices. Equipment Needed on a Workstation. Cabling Equipment. Installing Cabling System Equipment. Configuring Cabling System Equipment. Installing Wide Area Networks. Plain Old Telephone Service (POTS). Leased Line. Integrated Services Digital Network. Wireless. Cable TV. Satellite. Fiber. Dial-In Service. Software Products. Driver Software. Application Software. Server Software. Testing, Quality Assurance, and Installation Standards. Quality Assurance. Cost Estimates for Equipment. General Cabling System Costs. Cabling System Equipment Costs. Labor Costs. Computer Costs. Software Costs. Problems that Can Occur during Implementation. Last Words on Installation.25. Certification of System Performance. Fiber Optic Cable Fault Detection with OTDR. When a Cable Fault Occurs. Locating Cable Faults Precisely. Toward Extremely High-Speed Transmission. System Testing and Troubleshooting. Cabling System Testing and Tuning for Certification. Cabling System Troubleshooting. Loss Testing: Certifying Copper and Fiber. Analyzing Test Results. Documenting and Testing the Fiber Optic Cabling System. Certifying Your System Performance. TSB-67 Compliant Autotest Execution Time. Fast Autotest. Overall Test Time Optimization. TSB-67 and Level I and II Testing. Testing Issues. TSB-67 Generated. Two Testing Accuracy Levels: TSB-67 Level I and II.VI. MAINTAINING CABLING SYSTEMS. 26. Ongoing Maintenance. The Facts About Cable Management Software. Reasons for Documenting. Build the CMS and They Will Come. Establish Organizational Objectives. Perform Site Survey. Defining Project Scope and Costs. Final Steps. EIA/TIA 606 Documentation Standard. Three Areas Covered. Components of the System. Reports. Drawings. Cabling System Management.27. Standards Development. Overview of the Latest Cabling Standards Documents. U.S. Standards. TIA-T568-A Commercial Building Telecommunications Wiring Standard. TIA-569-A Commercial Building Standard for Telecommunications Pathways and Spaces. TIA-570 Residential and Light Commercial Telecommunications Wiring Standard. TIA TR41.8.4 Outside Plant. TIA FO2.2 and Short Wavelength Fast Ethernet Alliance. USOC. IEEE. ATM Forum. Zone Wiring Standard. Video Electronics Standards Association (VESA). National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA). ICEA Standards. BICSI. Global Standards. ISO/IEC/JTC1/SC25/WG3. CENLEC Standards. Australian /New Zealand Standards. Canadian Standards. Japanese Standards.VII. FUTURE DIRECTIONS. 28. Cableless Connectivity: The Wireless Future. A Perception. Now is the Time. Driving Wireless Data Communications. Users Reach Extended. Circuit-Switched Dial-Up. Packet-Data Wireless Services. Other Services. The Stage is Set. Big Payoffs. The Corporate Information Technology Users. The Network Operators. Computer Vendors. It's A Win.Win Situation. The Future of Wireless Computing. Luggables, Palmtops, and SmartPhones. Wireless Workgroups, LANs, and Data Networks. Middleware, Custom Protocols, and Proxies. Thin Clients, TTML, and HDML. Advanced Wireless Computing Products and Applications: UMTS and Bluetooth. The Real Future of Wireless Computing.29. The Networked House: A Brave New Home. Resource Sharing, Multiplayer Gaming Boost Home Network Interest and Internet Access. Simultaneous High-Speed Internet Access. Peripheral Sharing. Sharing Files and Applications. Entertainment. The Need for Bandwidth. Overcoming the Technological and Complexity Barriers. Ethernet Networks. How Home Ethernet Networks Work. Ethernet Networking in the Home. Phoneline Networks. How Home Phoneline Networks Work. Phoneline Networking in the Home. Powerline Networks. How Powerline Networks Work. Powerline Networking Limitations. Wireless Networks. How Home Wireless Networks Work. Wireless Networking in the Home. Choosing the Best Network Technology for the Home. Evaluating Home Network Solutions. Advanced Network Technologies for Homes. The Players. Revisiting Structured Wiring. Phone Lines are in Place. Power Line Carriers. Spread Spectrum. Wireless World. Operating Systems. Sentential of the Gate.30. Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations. Application Consideration. Cabling System Scope. Present and Future Coverage of Applications. Basic Cable Type Selection. Optional Media. UTP Performance Specifications. Cross-Talk Attenuation Impedance. Characteristic Impedance. Structural Return Loss. Combined Performance. Materials Specification. Delivery and Packaging Considerations. Available Packaging Options. Cable Protection. Available Cable Lengths. Manufacturer's Stock. Labeling Products. Quality Assurance Considerations. Testing. Special Testing. UL Approvals/ETL Verifications. ISO 9000. Supplier Specification. Bandwidth: The Fiber-Optic Challenge of the Post-2000. Developed Society. Final Words.VIII. APPENDICES. A. List of Fiber Channel Products, Organizations, and High-Energy Projects and Applications. Fiber Channel Products. Fiber Channel Organizations. High-Energy Physics Projects and Products.B. List of Top Cable Installation Companies. C. List of Top Fiber Optic Cable Companies. D. Cabling Directory. Cable Management Software. Cable Assemblies. Cable. Connectors. Connecting Hardware. Distributors. Enclosures. Engineering. Installation Companies. Installation Products. Optical Fiber. Test Equipment. Tools. Training.E. EENET Interconnect Directory. Manufacturers. Distributors. Manufacturers Products.F. List of Top Cable Labeling Companies. G. List of Top SCSI Companies. H. List of Wireless LAN Products and Sites. Wireless LAN Products and Sites. Other Wireless-Related Sites. I. List of CCITT/ISO Standards. Glossary. Glossary. more

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