CCNA Data Center Official Cert Guide Library
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CCNA Data Center Official Cert Guide Library

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CCNA Data Center Official Cert Guide Library combines the two official study guides for the two CCNA Data Center exams. This value-priced bundle includes the following titles: CCNA Data Center DCICN 640-911 Official Cert Guide and CCNA Data Center DCICT Official Cert Guide. These books provide a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the exams. Complete coverage of all exam topics as posted on the exam topic blueprint ensures readers will arrive at a thorough understanding of what they need to master to succeed on the exam. The book follows a logical organization of the DCICT exam objectives. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing readers' retention and recall of exam topics. Readers will organize their exam preparation through the use of the consistent features in these chapters, including: * Pre-chapter quiz - These quizzes allow readers to assess their knowledge of the chapter content and decide how much time to spend on any given section. * Foundation Topics - These sections make up the majority of the page count, explaining concepts, configurations, with emphasis on the theory and concepts, and with linking the theory to the meaning of the configuration commands. * Key Topics - Inside the Foundation Topics sections, every figure, table, or list that should absolutely be understood and remembered for the exam is noted with the words "Key Topic" in the margin. This tool allows the reader to quickly review the most important details in each chapter. * Exam Preparation - This ending section of each chapter includes three additional features for review and study, all designed to help the reader remember the details as well as to get more depth. Readers will be instructed to review key topics from the chapter, complete tables and lists from memory, and define key terms. * Final Preparation Chapter-This final chapter details a set of tools and a study plan to help readers complete their preparation for the exams. * CD-ROM Practice Test-The companion CD-ROM contains a set of customizable practice tests.show more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 1400 pages
  • 204 x 246 x 110mm | 3,519.95g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Cisco Press
  • Indianapolis, United States
  • English
  • 1587205688
  • 9781587205682
  • 1,045,200

About Wendell Odom

CCNA Data Center DCICN 640-911 Official Cert Guide Wendell Odom, CCIE No. 1624, has a long history of writing networking books. He is the author of all the previous books in the Cisco Press CCNA Official Certification Guide series, in addition to earlier editions of CCNP certification guides (ROUTE and QoS) and many earlier editions of the CCIE Routing and Switch Official Certification Guide. He has written textbooks and produced networking videos. He also contributes to the design and to labs with the popular CCNA 200-120 Network Simulator from Pearson. His 30+ year career includes stints at IBM and Cisco and jobs ranging from network engineering, consulting, presale engineering, and teaching. You can find Wendell's books and blogs at www.certskills.com, and find him on Twitter (@WendellOdom). Chad Hintz, CCIE No. 15729, is a technical solutions architect for the Cisco Commercial East Area focusing on designing enterprise solutions for customers around the Cisco data center technologies. He also holds three CCIEs: Routing and Switching, Security, and Storage. He has more than 10 years of experience in the industry and has held certifications from Novell, VMware, and Cisco. His focus is working with enterprise/commercial customers to address their challenges with comprehensive end-to-end data center architectures. Chad has been with Cisco for eight years, and working as a solution architect has provided unique experiences in building these types of solutions. Chad is a regular speaker at Cisco Live and industry conferences on data center technologies. Chad lives near Buffalo, New York, with his wife and two wonderful children and enjoys golfing in his spare time. CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide Navaid Shamsee, CCIE No.12625, is a senior solutions architect in the Cisco Services organization. He holds a master's degree in telecommunication and a bachelor's degree in electrical engineering. He also holds a triple CCIE in routing and switching, service provider, and data center technologies. Navaid has extensive experience in designing and implementing many large-scale enterprise and service provider data centers. In Cisco, Navaid is focused on security of data center, cloud, and software-defined networking technologies. You can reach Navaid on Twitter: @NavaidShamsee. David Klebanov, CCIE No.13791 (Routing and Switching) is a technical solutions architect with Cisco Systems. David has more than 15 years of diverse industry experience architecting and deploying complex network environments. In his work, David influences strategic development of the industry-leading data center switching platforms, which lay the foundation for the next generation of data center fabrics. David also takes great pride in speaking at industry events, releasing publications, and working on patents. You can reach David on Twitter: @DavidKlebanov. Hesham Fayed, CCIE No.9303 (Routing and Switching/Data Center), is a consulting systems engineer for data center and virtualization based in California. Hesham has been with Cisco for more than 9 years and has 18 years of experience in the computer industry, working with service providers and large enterprises. His main focus is working with customers in the western region of the United States to address their challenges by doing end-to-end data center architectures. Ahmed Afrose is a solutions architect with the Cisco Cloud and IT Transformation (CITT) services organization. He is responsible for providing architectural design guidance and leading complex multitech service deliveries. Furthermore, he is involved in demonstrating the Cisco value propositions in cloud software, application automation, software-defined data centers, and Cisco Unified Computing System (UCS). He is experienced in server operating systems and virtualization technologies and holds various certifications. Ahmed has a bachelor's degree in Information Systems. He started his career with Sun Microsystem-based technologies and has 15 years of diverse experience in the industry. He was also directly responsible for setting up Cisco UCS Advanced Services delivery capabilities while evangelizing the product in the region. Ozden Karakok, CCIE No. 6331, is a technical leader from the data center products and technologies team in the Technical Assistant Center (TAC). Ozden has been with Cisco Systems for 15 years and specializes in storage area and data center networks. Prior to joining Cisco, Ozden spent five years working for a number of Cisco's large customers in various telecommunication roles. Ozden is a Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert in routing and switching, SNA/IP, and storage. She holds VCP and ITIL certifications and is a frequent speaker at Cisco and data center events. She holds a degree in computer engineering from Istanbul Bogazici University. Currently, she works on Application Centric Infrastructure (ACI) and enjoys being a mother of two wonderful kids.show more

Table of contents

CCNA Data Center DCICN 640-911 Official Cert Guide 9781587204548 Introduction xxxi Getting Started 1 Part I: Networking Fundamentals 9 Chapter 1 The TCP/IP and OSI Networking Models 11 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 11 Foundation Topics 14 Perspectives on Networking 14 TCP/IP Networking Model 15 History Leading to TCP/IP 16 Overview of the TCP/IP Networking Model 17 TCP/IP Application Layer 19 HTTP Overview 19 HTTP Protocol Mechanisms 20 TCP/IP Transport Layer 21 TCP Error Recovery Basics 21 Same-Layer and Adjacent-Layer Interactions 22 TCP/IP Network Layer 22 Internet Protocol and the Postal Service 23 Internet Protocol Addressing Basics 24 IP Routing Basics 25 TCP/IP Link Layer (Data Link Plus Physical) 26 TCP/IP Model and Terminology 28 Comparing the Original and Modern TCP/IP Models 28 Data Encapsulation Terminology 28 Names of TCP/IP Messages 30 OSI Networking Model 30 Comparing OSI and TCP/IP 30 Describing Protocols by Referencing the OSI Layers 31 OSI Layers and Their Functions 32 OSI Layering Concepts and Benefits 33 OSI Encapsulation Terminology 34 Exam Preparation Tasks 36 Review All the Key Topics 36 Definitions of Key Terms 36 Chapter 2 Fundamentals of Ethernet LANs 39 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 39 Foundation Topics 42 An Overview of LANs 42 Typical SOHO LANs 42 Typical Enterprise Campus LANs 43 Typical Data Center Ethernet LAN 44 The Variety of Ethernet Physical Layer Standards 45 Consistent Behavior over All Links Using the Ethernet Data Link Layer 46 Building Physical Ethernet Networks with UTP 47 Transmitting Data Using Twisted Pairs 47 Breaking Down a UTP Ethernet Link 48 UTP Cabling Pinouts for 10BASE-T and 100BASE-T 51 Straight-Through Cable Pinout 51 Crossover Cable Pinout 53 Choosing the Right Cable Pinouts 54 UTP Cabling Pinouts for 1000BASE-T 55 Sending Data in Ethernet Networks 55 Ethernet Data-Link Protocols 55 Ethernet Addressing 56 Identifying Network Layer Protocols with the Ethernet Type Field 58 Error Detection with FCS 59 Sending Ethernet Frames with Switches and Hubs 59 Sending in Modern Ethernet LANs Using Full-Duplex 59 Using Half-Duplex with LAN Hubs 60 Exam Preparation Tasks 63 Review All the Key Topics 63 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 63 Definitions of Key Terms 64 Chapter 3 Fundamentals of WANs 67 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 67 Foundation Topics 70 Leased Line WANs 70 Positioning Leased Lines with LANs and Routers 70 Physical Details of Leased Lines 71 Leased Line Cabling 72 Building a WAN Link in a Lab 73 Data Link Details of Leased Lines 74 HDLC Basics 74 How Routers Use a WAN Data Link 75 Ethernet as a WAN Technology 77 Ethernet WANs that Create a Layer 2 Service 78 How Routers Route IP Packets Using Ethernet Emulation 79 Accessing the Internet 80 The Internet as a Large WAN 80 Internet Access (WAN) Links 81 Digital Subscriber Line 82 Cable Internet 84 Exam Preparation Tasks 86 Review All the Key Topics 86 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 86 Definitions of Key Terms 86 Chapter 4 Fundamentals of IPv4 Addressing and Routing 89 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 89 Foundation Topics 92 Overview of Network Layer Functions 92 Network Layer Routing (Forwarding) Logic 92 Host Forwarding Logic: Send the Packet to the Default Router 93 R1 and R2's Logic: Routing Data Across the Network 94 R3's Logic: Delivering Data to the End Destination 94 How Network Layer Routing Uses LANs and WANs 94 IP Addressing and How Addressing Helps IP Routing 95 Routing Protocols 97 IPv4 Addressing 97 Rules for IP Addresses 98 Rules for Grouping IP Addresses 98 Class A, B, and C IP Networks 99 The Actual Class A, B, and C IP Networks 101 IP Subnetting 103 IPv4 Routing 105 IPv4 Host Routing 105 Router Forwarding Decisions and the IP Routing Table 106 A Summary of Router Forwarding Logic 106 A Detailed Routing Example 107 IPv4 Routing Protocols 109 Other Network Layer Features 111 Using Names and the Domain Name System 111 The Address Resolution Protocol 112 ICMP Echo and the ping Command 113 Exam Preparation Tasks 115 Review All the Key Topics 115 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 115 Definitions of Key Terms 115 Chapter 5 Fundamentals of TCP/IP Transport and Applications 117 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 117 Foundation Topics 120 TCP/IP Layer 4 Protocols: TCP and UDP 120 Transmission Control Protocol 121 Multiplexing Using TCP Port Numbers 122 Popular TCP/IP Applications 125 Connection Establishment and Termination 126 Error Recovery and Reliability 127 Flow Control Using Windowing 130 User Datagram Protocol 131 TCP/IP Applications 132 QoS Needs and the Impact of TCP/IP Applications 132 Defining Interactive and Batch Applications 132 Real-Time Voice and Video Applications 133 The World Wide Web, HTTP, and SSL 134 Uniform Resource Locators 134 Finding the Web Server Using DNS 135 Transferring Files with HTTP 137 How the Receiving Host Identifies the Correct Receiving Application 138 Exam Preparation Tasks 140 Review All the Key Topics 140 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 140 Definitions of Key Terms 140 Part I Review 142 Part II: Ethernet LAN Basics 147 Chapter 6 Building Ethernet LANs with Switches 149 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 149 Foundation Topics 152 Ethernet History 152 Early Ethernet with Coaxial Cabling 152 Ethernet Devices 154 Ethernet Repeaters 154 10BASE-T with Hub 155 Ethernet Transparent Bridges 157 Ethernet Switches 158 Ethernet Standards 159 Ethernet Data-Link Protocols 160 Ethernet Physical Layer Standards 161 Ethernet Competition 162 Switching Logic 164 Layer 2 Switching Basics 164 The Forward Versus Filter Decision 165 How Switches Learn MAC Addresses 167 Flooding Frames 167 Avoiding Loops Using Spanning Tree Protocol 168 LAN Switching Summary 169 Design Choices in Ethernet LANs 170 Collision Domains, Broadcast Domains, and VLANs 170 Collision Domains 170 Broadcast Domains 171 Virtual LANs and Broadcast Domains 172 The Impact of Collision and Broadcast Domains on LAN Design 173 Ethernet LAN Media and Cable Lengths 174 Autonegotiation 175 Autonegotiation Results When Only One Node Uses Autonegotiation 176 Autonegotiation and LAN Hubs 178 Exam Preparation Tasks 179 Review All the Key Topics 179 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 179 Definitions of Key Terms 180 Chapter 7 Installing and Operating Nexus Switches 183 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 183 Foundation Topics 186 Accessing the Cisco Nexus 5500 Switch CLI 186 Cisco Nexus Switches and the 5500 Switch 186 Accessing the Cisco NX-OS CLI 186 Cabling the Console Connection 187 Configuring the Terminal Emulator for the Console 188 Accessing the CLI with Telnet and SSH in NX-OS 189 Management Interface 190 Password Security for CLI Access 191 User Settings 192 CLI Help Features 194 The debug and show Commands 196 Introduction to Cisco NX-OS 196 Software Modularity in Cisco NX-OS 197 Service Restart in Cisco NX-OS 198 Software High Availability in Cisco NX-OS 199 In-Service Software Upgrades 199 Cisco NX-OS Licensing 200 Cisco NX-OS and Cisco IOS Comparison 201 Configuring Cisco NX-OS Software 202 Configuration Submodes and Contexts 202 Storing Switch Configuration Files 204 Copying and Erasing Configuration Files 206 Initial Configuration (Setup Mode) 208 NX-OS Version and Other Reload Facts 209 Exam Preparation Tasks 211 Review All the Key Topics 211 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 211 Definitions of Key Terms 211 Command References 211 Chapter 8 Configuring Ethernet Switching 215 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 215 Foundation Topics 217 Configuration of Features in Common on all Nexus Switches 217 Securing the Switch CLI 217 Securing Access with Local Usernames and Passwords 217 Securing Access with External Authentication Servers 218 Configuring Secure Shell 219 Banners 220 History Buffer Commands 221 The logging synchronous and exec-timeout Commands 222 Nexus Switch Configuration and Operation 222 Switch Virtual Interface Concept Inside a Switch 223 Configuring IPv4 on a Cisco Nexus Switch 223 Verifying IPv4 on a Switch 224 Configuring Switch Interfaces 225 Securing Unused Switch Interfaces 226 Predicting the Contents of the MAC Address Table 227 Scenario 1: Communication Between S1 and S2 228 Scenario 2: Communication from S1 to S3 228 Exam Preparation Tasks 230 Review All the Key Topics 230 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 230 Definitions of Key Terms 230 Command References 230 Part II Review 234 Part III: Ethernet Virtual LANs and Spanning Tree 239 Chapter 9 VLAN and Trunking Concepts 241 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 241 Foundation Topics 244 Virtual LANs and VLAN Trunks 244 Creating Multiswitch VLANs Using Trunking 245 The 802.1Q and ISL VLAN Trunking Protocols 247 Forwarding Data Between VLANs 248 Routing Packets Between VLANs with a Router 249 Routing Packets with a Layer 3 Switch 251 VLAN Trunking Protocol 252 VTP Functions 252 Making VTP Work with VTP Servers and Clients 253 Disabling VTP 256 Summary of VTP Features 257 Exam Preparation Tasks 259 Review All the Key Topics 259 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 259 Definitions of Key Terms 259 Chapter 10 VLAN Trunking and Configuration 261 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 261 Foundation Topics 264 VLAN Configuration and Verification 264 VLAN Guidelines for Cisco Nexus Switches 264 Creating VLANs and Assigning Access VLANs to an Interface 265 VLAN Configuration Example 1: Full VLAN Configuration 265 VLAN Configuration Example 2: Shorter VLAN Configuration 268 VLAN Trunking Configuration and Verification 268 Controlling Which VLANs Can Be Supported on a Trunk 271 VTP Configuration and Verification 275 Enabling VTP 275 Limiting VTP Using Pruning 278 Exam Preparation Tasks 280 Review All the Key Topics 280 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 280 Command Reference to Check Your Memory 280 Chapter 11 Spanning Tree Protocol Concepts 283 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 283 Foundation Topics 286 Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802.1D) 286 The Need for Spanning Tree 286 What IEEE 802.1D Spanning Tree Does 288 How Spanning Tree Works 290 The STP Bridge ID and Hello BPDU 291 Electing the Root Switch 292 Choosing Each Switch's Root Port 294 Tiebreakers for Root Port 296 Choosing the Designated Port on Each LAN Segment 296 Influencing and Changing the STP Topology 297 Making Configuration Changes to Influence the STP Topology 298 Reacting to State Changes That Affect the STP Topology 298 How Switches React to Changes with STP 299 Changing Interface States with STP 300 Optional STP Features 301 EtherChannel 302 PortFast 303 BPDU Guard 303 Rapid STP (IEEE 802.1w) 304 RSTP and the Alternate (Root) Port 305 RSTP States and Processes 306 RSTP Backup (Designated) Ports 307 Exam Preparation Tasks 309 Review All the Key Topics 309 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 309 Definitions of Key Terms 309 Chapter 12 Cisco Nexus Spanning Tree Protocol Implementation 311 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 311 Foundation Topics 314 STP Configuration and Verification 314 Connecting STP Concepts to STP Configuration Options 315 Per-VLAN Configuration Settings 315 The Bridge ID and System ID Extension 316 Per-VLAN Port Costs 317 STP Configuration Option Summary 317 Verifying STP Operation 318 Improving STP Operation 321 Configuring STP Port Costs 321 Configuring Priority to Influence the Root Election 322 Spanning-Tree Port Types 324 Configuring PortFast and BPDU Guard 324 Configuring EtherChannel 326 Configuring a Manual EtherChannel 326 Configuring Dynamic EtherChannels 328 Troubleshooting EtherChannel 329 Incorrect Options on the channel-group Command 329 Configuration Checks Before Adding Interfaces to EtherChannels 331 Exam Preparation Tasks 333 Review All the Key Topics 333 Definitions of Key Terms 333 Command Reference to Check Your Memory 333 Part III Review 336 Part IV: IP Addressing and Subnetting 341 Chapter 13 Perspectives on IPv4 Subnetting 343 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 343 Foundation Topics 346 Introduction to Subnetting 346 Subnetting Defined Through a Simple Example 346 Operational View Versus Design View of Subnetting 347 Analyze Subnetting and Addressing Needs 348 Rules About Which Hosts Are in Which Subnet 348 Subnet Rules with Layer 3 Switches 349 Determine the Number of Subnets 351 Determine the Number of Hosts per Subnet 353 One Size Subnet Fits All (Or Not) 354 Defining the Size of a Subnet 354 One Size Subnet Fits All 355 Multiple Subnet Sizes (Variable-Length Subnet Masks) 356 Make Design Choices 357 Choose a Classful Network 357 Public IP Networks 357 Growth Exhausts the Public IP Address Space 358 Private IP Networks 359 Choose an IP Network During the Design Phase 360 Choose the Mask 360 Classful IP Networks Before Subnetting 361 Borrow Host Bits to Create Subnet Bits 361 Choose Enough Subnet and Host Bits 362 Example Design: 172.16.0.0, 200 Subnets, 200 Hosts 364 Masks and Mask Formats 364 Build a List of All Subnets 365 Plan the Implementation 366 Assign Subnets to Different Locations 367 Choose Static and Dynamic Ranges per Subnet 367 Foundation Topics 369 Review All the Key Topics 369 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 369 Definitions of Key Terms 369 Chapter 14 Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks 371 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 371 Foundation Topics 374 Classful Network Concepts 374 IPv4 Network Classes and Related Facts 374 Actual Class A, B, and C Networks 375 Address Formats 376 Default Masks 377 Number of Hosts per Network 377 Deriving the Network ID and Related Numbers 378 Unusual Network IDs and Network Broadcast Addresses 380 Practice with Classful Networks 381 Practice Deriving Key Facts Based on an IP Address 381 Practice Remembering the Details of Address Classes 382 Additional Practice 383 Exam Preparation Tasks 384 Review All the Key Topics 384 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 384 Definitions of Key Terms 384 Practice 384 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 385 Answers to Practice Problem 7 (From Table 14-5) 385 Answers to Practice Problem 8 (From Table 14-5) 386 Answers to Practice Problem 9 (From Table 14-5) 386 Chapter 15 Analyzing Subnet Masks 389 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 389 Foundation Topics 392 Subnet Mask Conversion 392 Three Mask Formats 392 Converting Between Binary and Prefix Masks 393 Converting Between Binary and DDN Masks 394 Converting Between Prefix and DDN Masks 396 Practice Converting Subnet Masks 397 Identifying Subnet Design Choices Using Masks 398 Masks Divide the Subnet's Addresses into Two Parts 399 Masks and Class Divide Addresses into Three Parts 400 Classless and Classful Addressing 401 Calculations Based on the IPv4 Address Format 401 Practice Analyzing Subnet Masks 403 Exam Preparation Tasks 405 Review All the Key Topics 405 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 405 Definitions of Key Terms 405 Practice 405 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 406 Chapter 16 Analyzing Existing Subnets 409 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 409 Foundation Topics 412 Defining a Subnet 412 An Example with Network 172.16.0.0 and Four Subnets 412 Subnet ID Concepts 414 Subnet Broadcast Address 415 Range of Usable Addresses 415 Analyzing Existing Subnets: Binary 416 Finding the Subnet ID: Binary 416 Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Binary 418 Binary Practice Problems 419 Shortcut for the Binary Process 420 Brief Note About Boolean Math 422 Finding the Range of Addresses 422 Analyzing Existing Subnets: Decimal 422 Analysis with Easy Masks 423 Predictability in the Interesting Octet 424 Finding the Subnet ID: Difficult Masks 425 Resident Subnet Example 1 426 Resident Subnet Example 2 427 Resident Subnet Practice Problems 427 Finding the Subnet Broadcast Address: Difficult Masks 428 Subnet Broadcast Example 1 428 Subnet Broadcast Example 2 429 Subnet Broadcast Address Practice Problems 430 Practice Analyzing Existing Subnets 430 A Choice: Memorize or Calculate 430 Additional Practice 431 Exam Preparation Tasks 432 Review All the Key Topics 432 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 432 Definitions of Key Terms 432 Practice 432 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 433 Chapter 17 Fundamentals of IP Version 6 437 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 437 Foundation Topics 440 Introduction to IP Version 6 440 The Need and Effect of a New Internet Protocol 440 Additional Motivations for IPv6 441 Many Protocols Updated 442 Introduction to IPv6 Addresses and Prefixes 442 Representing Full (Unabbreviated) IPv6 Addresses 443 Abbreviating IPv6 Addresses 443 Expanding IPv6 Addresses 444 Representing the Prefix Length of an Address 445 Calculating the IPv6 Prefix (Subnet ID) 445 Assigning Unique IPv6 Prefixes Across the Globe 447 IPv6 Addressing and Subnetting 449 Global Unicast Addresses and IPv6 Subnetting 449 IPv6 Subnetting Concepts 450 Assign Subnets and Addresses 452 The Actual Global Unicast Addresses 453 Unique Local Unicast Addresses 453 Link Local Addresses 454 IPv6 Multicast Addresses 455 Miscellaneous IPv6 Addresses 456 Implementing IPv6 457 IPv6 Address Assignment 457 Dynamic Assignment of the Interface ID with EUI-64 457 Discovering the IPv6 Prefix with SLAAC 459 Dynamic Configuration Using Stateful DHCP 460 IPv6 Transition and Coexistence 461 Dual Stack 462 Tunneling IPv6 Inside IPv4 462 Exam Preparation Tasks 464 Review All the Key Topics 464 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 464 Definitions of Key Terms 464 Answers to Earlier Practice Problems 464 Part IV Review 466 Part V: IPv4 Routing 471 Chapter 18 IPv4 Routing Concepts 473 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 473 Foundation Topics 475 IP Routing 475 IPv4 Routing Process Reference 475 An Example of IP Routing 478 Host Forwards the IP Packet to the Default Router (Gateway) 478 Routing Step 1: Decide Whether to Process the Incoming Frame 479 Routing Step 2: Deencapsulation of the IP Packet 480 Routing Step 3: Choosing Where to Forward the Packet 480 Routing Step 4: Encapsulating the Packet in a New Frame 481 Routing Step 5: Transmitting the Frame 482 Internal Processing on Cisco Routers 482 Potential Routing Performance Issues 483 Cisco Router Fast Switching and CEF 483 Cisco Nexus Switch Operations with Routing 484 Exam Preparation Tasks 488 Review All the Key Topics 488 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 488 Definitions of Key Terms 488 Chapter 19 Cisco Nexus IPv4 Routing Configuration 491 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 491 Foundation Topics 494 Configuring Connected Routes on Cisco Nexus Switches 494 Direct and Local Routes and the ip address Command 494 Routing Between Subnets on VLANs 497 Configuring Routing to VLANs Using a Layer 3 Switch 497 Configuring Static Routes 499 Static Route Configuration 499 Static Default Routes 501 Exam Preparation Tasks 502 Review All the Key Topics 502 Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory 502 Definitions of Key Terms 502 Command Reference to Check Your Memory 502 Chapter 20 IPv4 Routing Protocol Concepts 505 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 505 Foundation Topics 508 Introduction to Routing Protocols 508 History of Interior Gateway Protocols 508 Comparing IGPs 509 Distance Vector Basics 511 The Concept of a Distance and a Vector 511 Full Update Messages and Split Horizon 512 Monitoring Neighbor State with Periodic RIP Updates 513 Split Horizon 513 Route Poisoning 514 RIP Concepts and Operation 515 Features of Both RIPv1 and RIPv2 515 Differences Between RIPv1 and RIPv2 516 EIGRP Concepts and Operation 517 EIGRP Maintains Neighbor Status Using Hello 518 EIGRP Topology and the Metric Calculation 518 EIGRP Convergence 519 EIGRP Summary 521 Understanding the OSPF Link-State Routing Protocol 521 OSPF Comparisons with EIGRP 521 Building the OSPF LSDB and Creating IP Routes 522 Topology Information and LSAs 522 Applying Dijkstra SPF Math and OSPF Metrics to Find the Best Routes 524 Scaling OSPF Through Hierarchical Design 525 Exam Preparation Tasks 528 Review All the Key Topics 528 Definitions of Key Terms 528 Chapter 21 Nexus Routing Protocol Configuration 531 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 531 Foundation Topics 533 RIP Version 2 Configuration on NX-OS 536 EIGRP Configuration on NX-OS 541 OSPF Configuration on NX-OS 546 Exam Preparation Tasks 551 Review All the Key Topics 551 Definitions of Key Terms 551 Command Reference to Check Your Memory 551 Chapter 22 IPv4 Access Control Lists on Cisco Nexus Switches 555 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 555 Foundation Topics 557 IPv4 Access Control List Basics 557 ACL Location and Direction 557 Matching Packets 558 Taking Action When a Match Occurs 559 Types of IP ACLs 559 List Logic with IP ACLs 560 Matching Logic and Command Syntax 562 Matching TCP and UDP Port Numbers 562 Implementing Cisco Nexus IPv4 ACLs 566 ACL Example 1 566 ACL Example 2 567 Practice Cisco Nexus IPv4 ACLs 568 Practice Building access-list Commands 568 Exam Preparation Tasks 570 Review All the Key Topics 570 Definitions of Key Terms 570 Appendix H Practice Problems 570 Command Reference to Check Your Memory 570 Part V Review 572 Part VI: Final Preparation 577 Chapter 23 Final Review 579 Advice About the Exam Event 579 Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial 579 Think About Your Time Budget Versus Numbers of Questions 580 A Suggested Time-Check Method 581 Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions 582 Exam-Day Advice 582 Exam Review 583 Practice Subnetting and Other Math-Related Skills 583 Take Practice Exams 585 Practicing Taking the DCICN Exam 585 Advice on How to Answer Exam Questions 586 Taking Other Practice Exams 587 Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review 588 Practice Hands-On CLI Skills 591 Review Mind Maps from Part Review 591 Other Study Tasks 591 Final Thoughts 591 Part VII: Appendices 593 Appendix A Answers to the "Do I Know This Already?" Quizzes 595 Appendix B DCICN Exam Updates 613 Appendix C Numeric Reference Tables 615 Appendix D Nexus Lab Guide 623 DVD-only Appendices Appendix E Practice for Chapter 14: Analyzing Classful IPv4 Networks Appendix F Practice for Chapter 15: Analyzing Subnet Masks Appendix G Practice for Chapter 16: Analyzing Existing Subnets Appendix H Practice for Chapter 22: IPv4 Access Control Lists on Cisco Nexus Switches Appendix I Memory Tables Appendix J Memory Tables Answer Key Glossary 9781587204548 TOC 10/15/2014 CCNA Data Center DCICT 640-916 Official Cert Guide 9781587144226 Introduction xxxix Getting Started 1 Part I Data Center Networking 7 Chapter 1 Data Center Network Architecture 9 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 9 Foundation Topics 14 Modular Approach in Network Design 14 The Multilayer Network Design 14 Access Layer 16 Aggregation Layer 16 Core Layer 17 Collapse Core Design 17 Spine and Leaf Design 18 Port Channel 19 What Is Port Channel? 19 Benefits of Using Port Channels 20 Port Channel Compatibility Requirements 20 Link Aggregation Control Protocol 21 Port Channel Modes 21 Configuring Port Channel 22 Port Channel Load Balancing 23 Verifying Port Channel Configuration 23 Virtual Port Channel 24 What Is Virtual Port Channel? 24 Benefits of Using Virtual Port Channel 26 Components of vPC 26 vPC Data Plane Operation 29 vPC Control Plane Operation 30 vPC Limitations 31 Configuration Steps of vPC 32 Verification of vPC 33 FabricPath 34 Spanning Tree Protocol 34 What Is FabricPath? 35 Benefits of FabricPath 36 Components of FabricPath 36 FabricPath Frame Format 38 FabricPath Control Plane 40 FabricPath Data Plane 41 Conversational Learning 42 FabricPath Packet Flow Example 43 Unknown Unicast Packet Flow 43 Known Unicast Packet Flow 44 Virtual Port Channel Plus 45 FabricPath Interaction with Spanning Tree 46 Configuring FabricPath 47 Verifying FabricPath 48 Exam Preparation Tasks 50 Review All Key Topics 50 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 50 Define Key Terms 51 Chapter 2 Cisco Nexus Product Family 53 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 53 Foundation Topics 56 Describe the Cisco Nexus Product Family 56 Cisco Nexus 9000 Family 57 Cisco Nexus 9500 Family 57 Chassis 59 Supervisor Engine 60 System Controller 60 Fabric Modules 61 Line Cards 62 Power Supplies 64 Fan Trays 65 Cisco QSFP Bi-Di Technology for 40 Gbps Migration 66 Cisco Nexus 9300 Family 66 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Product Family 67 Cisco Nexus 7004 Series Switch Chassis 70 Cisco Nexus 7009 Series Switch Chassis 71 Cisco Nexus 7010 Series Switch Chassis 72 Cisco Nexus 7018 Series Switch Chassis 72 Cisco Nexus 7706 Series Switch Chassis 73 Cisco Nexus 7710 Series Switch Chassis 74 Cisco Nexus 7718 Series Switch Chassis 74 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Supervisor Module 75 Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 1 Module 76 Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Supervisor 2 Module 76 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Fabric Modules 77 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Licensing 79 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Line Cards 82 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series Power Supply Options 84 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW AC Power Supply Module 85 Cisco Nexus 7000 and Nexus 7700 Series 3.0-KW DC Power Supply Module 85 Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW and 7.5-KW AC Power Supply Module 86 Cisco Nexus 7000 Series 6.0-KW DC Power Supply Module 87 Cisco Nexus 6000 Product Family 89 Cisco Nexus 6001P and Nexus 6001T Switches and Features 89 Cisco Nexus 6004 Switches Features 90 Cisco Nexus 6000 Switches Licensing Options 91 Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Product Family 93 Cisco Nexus 5548P and 5548UP Switches Features 94 Cisco Nexus 5596UP and 5596T Switches Features 94 Cisco Nexus 5500 Products Expansion Modules 95 Cisco Nexus 5600 Product Family 98 Cisco Nexus 5672UP Switch Features 99 Cisco Nexus 56128P Switch Features 100 Cisco Nexus 5600 Expansion Modules 100 Cisco Nexus 5500 and Nexus 5600 Licensing Options 101 Cisco Nexus 3000 Product Family 102 Cisco Nexus 3000 Licensing Options 106 Cisco Nexus 2000 Fabric Extenders Product Family 108 Cisco Dynamic Fabric Automation 113 Summary 113 Exam Preparation Tasks 115 Review All Key Topics 115 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 116 Define Key Terms 116 Chapter 3 Virtualizing Cisco Network Devices 119 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 119 Foundation Topics 121 Describing VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 121 VDC Deployment Scenarios 122 Horizontal Consolidation Scenarios 123 Vertical Consolidation Scenarios 124 VDCs for Service Insertion 124 Understanding Different Types of VDCs 125 Interface Allocation 127 VDC Administration 127 VDC Requirements 128 Verifying VDCs on the Cisco Nexus 7000 Series Switch 129 Describing Network Interface Virtualization 132 Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Terminology 132 Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extender Connectivity 133 VN-Tag Overview 134 Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Packet Flow 135 Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Port Connectivity 136 Cisco Nexus 2000 FEX Configuration on the Nexus 7000 Series 138 Summary 141 Exam Preparation Tasks 142 Review All Key Topics 142 Define Key Terms 142 Chapter 4 Data Center Interconnect 145 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 145 Foundation Topics 147 Introduction to Overlay Transport Virtualization 147 OTV Terminology 149 OTV Control Plane 151 Multicast Enabled Transport Infrastructure 151 Unicast-Enabled Transport Infrastructure 152 Data Plane for Unicast Traffic 153 Data Plane for Multicast Traffic 155 Failure Isolation 157 STP Isolation 157 Unknown Unicast Handling 157 ARP Optimization 158 OTV Multihoming 158 First Hop Redundancy Protocol Isolation 158 OTV Configuration Example with Multicast Transport 159 OTV Configuration Example with Unicast Transport 162 Summary 164 Exam Preparation Tasks 165 Review All Key Topics 165 Define Key Terms 165 Chapter 5 Management and Monitoring of Cisco Nexus Devices 167 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 167 Foundation Topics 171 Operational Planes of a Nexus Switch 171 Data Plane 171 Store-and-Forward Switching 172 Cut-Through Switching 172 Nexus 5500 Data Plane Architecture 172 Control Plane 174 Nexus 5500 Control Plane Architecture 174 Control Plane Policing 176 Control Plane Analyzer 178 Management Plane 178 Nexus Management and Monitoring Features 179 Out-of-Band Management 180 Console Port 181 Connectivity Management Processor 181 Management Port (mgmt0) 182 In-band Management 182 Role-Based Access Control 183 User Roles 183 Rules 184 User Role Policies 184 RBAC Characteristics and Guidelines 184 Privilege Levels 185 Simple Network Management Protocol 185 SNMP Notifications 186 SNMPv3 186 Remote Monitoring 187 RMON Alarms 187 RMON Events 188 Syslog 188 Embedded Event Manager 189 Event Statements 189 Action Statements 189 Policies 190 Generic Online Diagnostics (GOLD) 190 Smart Call Home 191 Nexus Device Configuration and Verification 192 Perform Initial Setup 192 In-Service Software Upgrade 195 ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 5000 196 ISSU on the Cisco Nexus 7000 197 Important CLI Commands 199 Command-Line Help 199 Automatic Command Completion 200 Entering and Exiting Configuration Context 200 Display Current Configuration 201 Command Piping and Parsing 202 Feature Command 203 Verifying Modules 204 Verifying Interfaces 205 Viewing Logs 207 Viewing NVRAM logs 208 Exam Preparation Tasks 209 Review All Key Topics 209 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 209 Define Key Terms 209 Part I Review 210 Part II Data Center Storage-Area Networking 215 Chapter 6 Data Center Storage Architecture 217 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 217 Foundation Topics 220 What Is a Storage Device? 220 What Is a Storage-Area Network? 224 How to Access a Storage Device 226 Block-Level Protocols 227 File-Level Protocols 236 Putting It All Together 238 Storage Architectures 238 Scale-up and Scale-out Storage 239 Tiered Storage 239 SAN Design 241 SAN Design Considerations 244 1. Port Density and Topology Requirements 244 2. Device Performance and Oversubscription Ratios 245 3. Traffic Management 247 4. Fault Isolation 247 5. Control Plane Scalability 248 SAN Topologies 249 Fibre Channel 252 FC-0: Physical Interface 253 FC-1: Encode/Decode 254 Encoding and Decoding 255 Ordered Sets 255 FC-2: Framing Protocol 256 Fibre Channel Service Classes 258 Fibre Channel Flow Control 258 FC-3: Common Services 260 Fibre Channel Addressing 261 Switched Fabric Address Space 262 Fibre Channel Link Services 263 Fibre Channel Fabric Services 265 FC-4: ULPs-Application Protocols 266 Fibre Channel-Standard Port Types 267 Virtual Storage-Area Network 269 Dynamic Port VSAN Membership 271 Inter-VSAN Routing 271 Fibre Channel Zoning and LUN Masking 272 Device Aliases Versus Zone-Based (FC) Aliases 276 Reference List 277 Exam Preparation Tasks 278 Review All Key Topics 278 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 280 Define Key Terms 280 Chapter 7 Cisco MDS Product Family 283 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 283 Foundation Topics 286 Once Upon a Time There Was a Company Called Andiamo 286 The Secret Sauce of Cisco MDS: Architecture 288 A Day in the Life of a Fibre Channel Frame in MDS 9000 289 Lossless Networkwide In-Order Delivery Guarantee 296 Cisco MDS Software and Storage Services 296 Flexibility and Scalability 296 Common Software Across All Platforms 296 Multiprotocol Support 296 Virtual SANs 297 Intelligent Fabric Applications 297 Network-Assisted Applications 297 Cisco Data Mobility Manager 298 I/O Accelerator 298 XRC Acceleration 299 Network Security 299 Switch and Host Authentication 299 IP Security for FCIP and iSCSI 299 Cisco TrustSec Fibre Channel Link Encryption 300 Role-Based Access Control 300 Port Security and Fabric Binding 300 Zoning 300 Availability 301 Nondisruptive Software Upgrades 301 Stateful Process Failover 301 ISL Resiliency Using Port Channels 301 iSCSI, FCIP, and Management-Interface High Availability 302 Port Tracking for Resilient SAN Extension 302 Manageability 302 Open APIs 303 Configuration and Software-Image Management 303 N-Port Virtualization 303 Autolearn for Network Security Configuration 304 FlexAttach 304 Cisco Data Center Network Manager Server Federation 304 Network Boot for iSCSI Hosts 304 Internet Storage Name Service 304 Proxy iSCSI Initiator 304 iSCSI Server Load Balancing 305 IPv6 305 Traffic Management 305 Quality of Service 305 Extended Credits 305 Virtual Output Queuing 305 Fibre Channel Port Rate Limiting 306 Load Balancing of Port Channel Traffic 306 iSCSI and SAN Extension Performance Enhancements 306 FCIP Compression 306 FCIP Tape Acceleration 306 Serviceability, Troubleshooting, and Diagnostics 307 Cisco Switched Port Analyzer and Cisco Fabric Analyzer 307 SCSI Flow Statistics 307 Fibre Channel Ping and Fibre Channel Traceroute 307 Call Home 308 System Log 308 Other Serviceability Features 308 Cisco MDS 9000 Family Software License Packages 309 Cisco MDS Multilayer Directors 312 Cisco MDS 9700 312 Cisco MDS 9500 315 Cisco MDS 9000 Series Multilayer Components 319 Cisco MDS 9700-MDS 9500 Supervisor and Crossbar Switching Modules 319 Cisco MDS 9000 48-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 322 Cisco MDS 9000 32-Port 8-Gbps Advanced Fibre Channel Switching Module 323 Cisco MDS 9000 18/4-Port Multiservice Module (MSM) 323 Cisco MDS 9000 16-Port Gigabit Ethernet Storage Services Node (SSN) Module 324 Cisco MDS 9000 4-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 324 Cisco MDS 9000 8-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 325 Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 16-Gbps Fibre Channel Switching Module 325 Cisco MDS 9700 48-Port 10-Gbps Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) Module 326 Cisco MDS 9000 Family Pluggable Transceivers 326 Cisco MDS Multiservice and Multilayer Fabric Switches 328 Cisco MDS 9148 329 Cisco MDS 9148S 329 Cisco MDS 9222i 330 Cisco MDS 9250i 332 Cisco MDS Fibre Channel Blade Switches 335 Cisco Prime Data Center Network Manager 337 Cisco DCNM SAN Fundamentals Overview 338 DCNM-SAN Server 339 Licensing Requirements for Cisco DCNM-SAN Server 339 Device Manager 339 DCNM-SAN Web Client 340 Performance Manager 340 Authentication in DCNM-SAN Client 341 Cisco Traffic Analyzer 341 Network Monitoring 341 Performance Monitoring 341 Reference List 342 Exam Preparation Tasks 343 Review All Key Topics 343 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 344 Define Key Terms 344 Chapter 8 Virtualizing Storage 347 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 347 Foundation Topics 350 What Is Storage Virtualization? 350 How Storage Virtualization Works 351 Why Storage Virtualization? 351 What Is Being Virtualized? 352 Block Virtualization-RAID 353 Virtualizing Logical Unit Numbers 359 Tape Storage Virtualization 360 Virtualizing Storage-Area Networks 361 N-Port ID Virtualization (NPIV) 362 N-Port Virtualizer (NPV) 362 Virtualizing File Systems 362 File/Record Virtualization 363 Where Does the Storage Virtualization Occur? 364 Host-Based Virtualization 364 Network-Based (Fabric-Based) Virtualization 365 Array-Based Virtualization 368 Reference List 370 Exam Preparation Tasks 372 Review All Key Topics 372 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 372 Define Key Terms 372 Chapter 9 Fibre Channel Storage-Area Networking 375 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 375 Foundation Topics 379 Where Do I Start? 379 The Cisco MDS NX-OS Setup Utility-Back to Basics 383 The Power On Auto Provisioning 392 Licensing Cisco MDS 9000 Family NX-OS Software Features 394 License Installation 394 Verifying the License Configuration 397 On-Demand Port Activation Licensing 397 Making a Port Eligible for a License 399 Acquiring a License for a Port 399 Moving Licenses Among Ports 399 Cisco MDS 9000 NX-OS Software Upgrade and Downgrade 400 Upgrading to Cisco NX-OS on an MDS 9000 Series Switch 402 Downgrading Cisco NX-OS Release on an MDS 9500 Series Switch 404 Configuring Interfaces 406 Graceful Shutdown 407 Port Administrative Speeds 407 Frame Encapsulation 407 Bit Error Thresholds 407 Local Switching 408 Dedicated and Shared Rate Modes 408 Slow Drain Device Detection and Congestion Avoidance 409 Management Interfaces 410 VSAN Interfaces 410 Verify Initiator and Target Fabric Login 413 VSAN Configuration 413 Port VSAN Membership 414 Verify Fibre Channel Zoning on a Cisco MDS 9000 Series Switch 421 About Smart Zoning 423 About LUN Zoning and Assigning LUNs to Storage Subsystems 423 About Enhanced Zoning 424 VSAN Trunking and Setting Up ISL Port 432 Trunk Modes 433 Port Channel Modes 434 Reference List 442 Exam Preparation Tasks 443 Review All Key Topics 443 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 444 Define Key Terms 444 Part II Review 446 Part III Data Center Unified Fabric 451 Chapter 10 Unified Fabric Overview 453 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 453 Foundation Topics 456 Challenges of Today's Data Center Networks 456 Cisco Unified Fabric Principles 458 Convergence of Network and Storage 458 Scalability and Growth 463 Security and Intelligence 469 Inter-Data Center Unified Fabric 474 Fibre Channel over IP 475 Overlay Transport Virtualization 477 Locator ID Separation Protocol 481 Reference List 484 Exam Preparation Tasks 485 Review All Key Topics 485 Define Key Terms 485 Chapter 11 Data Center Bridging and FCoE 487 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 487 Foundation Topics 490 Data Center Bridging 490 Priority Flow Control 490 Enhanced Transmission Selection 491 Data Center Bridging Exchange 492 Quantized Congestion Notification 492 Fibre Channel Over Ethernet 494 FCoE Logical Endpoint 495 FCoE Port Types 495 FCoE ENodes 496 Fibre Channel Forwarder 497 FCoE Encapsulation 498 FCoE Initialization Protocol 500 Converged Network Adapter 501 FCoE Speed 502 FCoE Cabling Options for the Cisco Nexus 5000 Series Switches 503 Optical Cabling 503 Transceiver Modules 505 SFP Transceiver Modules 505 SFP+ Transceiver Modules 506 QSFP Transceiver Modules 507 Unsupported Transceiver Modules 511 Delivering FCoE Using Cisco Fabric Extender Architecture 511 FCoE and Cisco Nexus 2000 Series Fabric Extenders 513 FCoE and Straight-Through Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 514 FCoE and vPC Fabric Extender Attachment Topology 518 FCoE and Server Fabric Extenders 522 Adapter-FEX 522 Virtual Ethernet Interfaces 523 FCoE and Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 525 Virtual Interface Redundancy 526 FCoE and Cascading Fabric Extender Topologies 528 Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in vPC Topology 528 Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology with vPC 530 Adapter-FEX and FCoE Fabric Extenders in Straight-Through Topology 531 Reference List 532 Exam Preparation Tasks 533 Review All Key Topics 533 Define Key Terms 533 Chapter 12 Multihop Unified Fabric 535 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 535 Foundation Topics 538 First Hop Access Layer Consolidation 538 Aggregation Layer FCoE Multihop 540 FIP Snooping 540 FCoE-NPV 542 Full Fibre Channel Switching 544 Dedicated Wire Versus Unified Wire 546 Cisco FabricPath FCoE Multihop 547 Dynamic FCoE FabricPath Topology 548 Dynamic FCoE Virtual Links 549 Dynamic Virtual Fibre Channel Interfaces 550 Redundancy and High Availability 551 Reference List 553 Exam Preparation Tasks 554 Review All Key Topics 554 Define Key Terms 554 Part III Review 556 Part IV Cisco Unified Computing 561 Chapter 13 Cisco Unified Computing System Architecture 563 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 564 Foundation Topics 568 Evolution of Server Computing in a Nutshell 568 What Is a Socket? 569 What Is a Core? 569 What Is Hyperthreading? 570 Understanding Server Processor Numbering 570 Value of Cisco UCS in the Data Center 571 One Unified System 572 Unified Fabric 573 Unified Management and Operations 573 Cisco UCS Stateless Computing 574 Intelligent Automation, Cloud-Ready Infrastructure 575 Describing the Cisco UCS Product Family 576 Cisco UCS Computer Hardware Naming 577 Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnects 578 What Is a Unified Port? 580 Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect-Expansion Modules 580 Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis 580 Cisco UCS 5108 Blade Server Chassis-Power Supply and Redundancy Modes 581 Cisco UCS I/O Modules (FEX) 582 Cisco UCS B-series Blade Servers 583 Cisco UCS B-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 585 Cisco Adapters (Mezzanine Cards) for UCS B-series Blade Servers 586 Cisco Converged Network Adapters (CNA) 587 Cisco Virtual Interface Cards 587 Cisco UCS Port Expander for VIC 1240 588 What Is Cisco Adapter FEX? 589 What Is Cisco Virtual Machine-Fabric Extender (VM-FEX)? 589 Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 589 Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 590 Cisco UCS C-series Best Practices for Populating DRAM 592 Cisco Adapters for UCS C-series Rackmount Servers 593 Cisco UCS C-series RAID Adapter Options 593 Cisco UCS C-series Virtual Interface Cards and OEM CNA Adapters 596 What Is SR-IOV (Single Root-IO Virtualization)? 597 Cisco UCS C-series Network Interface Card 598 Cisco UCS C-series Host Bus Adapter 599 What Is N_Port ID Virtualization (NPIV)? 600 Cisco UCS Storage Accelerator Adapters 601 Cisco UCS E-series Servers 602 Cisco UCS "All-in-One" 603 Cisco UCS Invicta Series-Solid State Storage Systems 603 Cisco UCS Software 604 Cisco UCS Manager 604 Cisco UCS Central 605 Cisco UCS Director 605 Cisco UCS Platform Emulator 605 Cisco goUCS Automation Tool 605 Cisco UCS Connectivity Architecture 606 Cisco UCS 5108 Chassis to Fabric Interconnect Physical Connectivity 606 Cisco UCS C-series Rackmount Server Physical Connectivity 607 Cisco UCS 6200 Fabric Interconnect to LAN, SAN Connectivity 609 Ethernet Switching Mode 609 Fibre Channel Switching Mode 610 Cisco UCS I/O Module and Fabric Interconnect Connectivity 611 Cisco UCS I/O Module Architecture 613 Fabric and Adapter Port Channel Architecture 614 Cisco Integrated Management Controller Architecture 615 Reference List 616 Exam Preparation Tasks 617 Review All Key Topics 617 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 618 Define Key Terms 618 Chapter 14 Cisco Unified Computing System Manager 621 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 622 Foundation Topics 625 Cabling a Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Cluster 625 Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect HA Architecture 625 Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Connectivity 626 Initial Setup Script for Primary Fabric Interconnect 627 Initial Setup Script for Subordinate Secondary Fabric Interconnect 628 Verify Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect Cluster Setup 629 Changing Cluster Addressing via Command-Line Interface 631 Command Modes 631 Changing Cluster IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 631 Changing Static IP Addresses via Command-Line Interface 632 Cisco UCS Manager Operations 633 Cisco UCS Manager Functions 633 Cisco UCS Manager GUI Layout 636 Cisco UCS Manager: Navigation Pane-Tabs 638 Equipment Tab 638 Servers Tab 639 LAN Tab 640 SAN Tab 641 VM Tab 642 Admin Tab 643 Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 644 Basic Port Personalities in the Cisco UCS Fabric Interconnect 644 Verifying Device Discovery in Cisco UCS Manager 647 Reference List 650 Exam Preparation Tasks 651 Review All Key Topics 651 Define Key Terms 651 Chapter 15 Cisco Unified Computing System Pools, Policies, Templates, and Service Profiles 653 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 653 Foundation Topics 657 Cisco UCS Service Profiles 657 Cisco UCS Hardware Abstraction and Stateless Computing 657 Contents of a Cisco UCS Service Profile 659 Other Benefits of Cisco UCS Service Profiles 661 Ease of Incremental Deployments 661 Plan and Preconfigure Cisco UCS Solutions 661 Ease of Server Replacement 662 Right-Sized Server Deployments 662 Cisco UCS Templates 662 Organizational Awareness with Service Profile Templates 663 Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 664 Cisco UCS vNIC Templates 665 Cisco UCS vHBA Templates 666 Cisco UCS Logical Resource Pools 667 UUID Identity Pools 668 MAC Address Identity Pools 669 WWN Address Identity Pools 670 WWNN Pools 670 WWPN Pools 671 Cisco UCS Physical Resource Pools 671 Server Pools 671 Cisco UCS Server Qualification and Pool Policies 672 Server Auto-Configuration Policies 673 Creation of Policies for Cisco UCS Service Profiles and Service Profile Templates 674 Commonly Used Policies Explained 674 Equipment Tab-Global Policies 674 BIOS Policy 675 Boot Policy 676 Local Disk Configuration Policy 676 Maintenance Policy 677 Scrub Policy 678 Host Firmware Packages 678 Adapter Policy 679 Cisco UCS Chassis and Blade Power Capping 680 What Is Power Capping? 680 Cisco UCS Power Capping Strategies 680 Static Power Capping (Explicit Blade Power Cap) 680 Dynamic Power Capping (Implicit Chassis Power Cap) 681 Power Cap Groups (Explicit Group) 681 Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682 Creating Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates 682 Modifying a Cisco UCS Service Profile Template 683 Utilizing Cisco UCS Service Profile Templates for Different Workloads 684 Creating Service Profiles from Templates 685 Reference List 686 Exam Preparation Tasks 687 Review All Key Topics 687 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 688 Define Key Terms 688 Chapter 16 Administration, Management, and Monitoring of Cisco Unified Computing System 691 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 691 Foundation Topics 695 Cisco UCS Administration 695 Organization and Locales 695 Role-Based Access Control 697 Authentication Methods 698 LDAP Providers 698 LDAP Provider Groups 699 Domain, Realm, and Default Authentication Settings 700 Communication Management 701 UCS Firmware, Backup, and License Management 701 Firmware Terminology 702 Firmware Definitions 702 Firmware Update Guidelines 703 Host Firmware Packages 704 Cross-Version Firmware Support 704 Firmware Auto Install 704 UCS Backups 706 Backup Automation 706 License Management 707 Cisco UCS Management 708 Operational Planes 708 In-Band Versus Out-of-Band Management 709 Remote Accessibility 710 Direct KVM Access 710 Advanced UCS Management 711 Cisco UCS Manager XML API 711 goUCS Automation Toolkit 712 Using the Python SDK 714 Multi-UCS Management 716 Cisco UCS Monitoring 716 Cisco UCS System Logs 716 Fault, Event, and Audit Logs (Syslogs) 716 System Event Logs 719 UCS SNMP 720 UCS Fault Suppression 721 Collection and Threshold Policies 722 Call Home and Smart Call Home 725 Reference List 728 Exam Preparation Tasks 729 Review All Key Topics 729 Define Key Terms 729 Part IV Review 730 Part V Data Center Server Virtualization 735 Chapter 17 Server Virtualization Solutions 737 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 737 Foundation Topics 740 Brief History of Server Virtualization 740 Server Virtualization Components 741 Hypervisor 741 Virtual Machines 742 Virtual Switching 743 Management Tools 743 Types of Server Virtualization 744 Full Virtualization 745 Paravirtualization 745 Operating System Virtualization 746 Server Virtualization Benefits and Challenges 747 Server Virtualization Benefits 748 Server Virtualization Challenges 749 Reference List 753 Exam Preparation Tasks 754 Review All Key Topics 754 Define Key Terms 754 Chapter 18 Cisco Nexus 1000V and Virtual Switching 757 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 758 Foundation Topics 761 Evolution of Virtual Switching 761 Before Server Virtualization 761 Server Virtualization with Static VMware vSwitch 763 Virtual Network Components 764 Virtual Access Layer 766 Standard VMware vSwitch Overview 766 Standard VMware vSwitch Operations 767 Standard VMware vSwitch Configuration 769 VMware vDS Overview 770 VMware vDS Configuration 772 VMware vDS Enhancements 773 VMware vSwitch and vDS 774 Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Networking Solution 775 Cisco Nexus 1000V System Overview 776 Cisco Nexus 1000V Salient Features and Benefits 777 Cisco Nexus 1000V Series Virtual Switch Architecture 780 Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Supervisory Module 780 Cisco Nexus 1000V Virtual Ethernet Module 781 Cisco Nexus 1000V Component Communication 782 Cisco Nexus 1000V Management Communication 782 Cisco Nexus 1000V Port Profiles 783 Types of Port Profiles in Cisco Nexus 1000V 784 Cisco Nexus 1000V Administrator View and Roles 784 Cisco Nexus 1000V Verifying Initial Configuration 786 Cisco Nexus 1000V VSM Installation Methods 786 Initial VSM Configuration Verification 787 Verifying VMware vCenter Connectivity 788 Verify Nexus 1000V Module Status 789 Cisco Nexus 1000V VEM Installation Methods 790 Initial VEM Status on ESX or ESXi Host 790 Verifying VSM Connectivity from vCenter Server 790 Verifying VEM Agent Running 791 Verifying VEM Uplink Interface Status 791 Verifying VEM Parameters with VSM Configuration 792 Validating VM Port Groups and Port Profiles 793 Verifying Port Profile and Groups 794 Key New Technologies Integrated with Cisco Nexus 1000V 795 What Is the Difference Between VN-Link and VN-Tag? 795 What Is VXLAN? 795 What Is vPath Technology? 796 Reference List 797 Exam Preparation Tasks 798 Review All Key Topics 798 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 798 Define Key Terms 799 Part V Review 800 Part VI Data Center Network Services 805 Chapter 19 Cisco ACE and GSS 807 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 807 Foundation Topics 810 Server Load-Balancing Concepts 810 What Is Server Load Balancing? 810 Benefits of Server Load Balancing 811 Methods of Server Load Balancing 812 ACE Family Products 813 ACE Module 814 Control Plane 816 Data Plane 817 ACE 4710 Appliances 818 Global Site Selector 819 Understanding the Load-Balancing Solution Using ACE 821 Layer 3 and Layer 4 Load Balancing 822 Layer 7 Load Balancing 823 TCP Server Reuse 824 Real Server 825 Server Farm 825 Server Health Monitoring 826 In-band Health Monitoring: 826 Out-of-band Health Monitoring (Probes) 826 Load-Balancing Algorithms (Predictor) 827 Stickiness 828 Sticky Groups 829 Sticky Methods 829 Sticky Table 829 Traffic Policies for Server Load Balancing 830 Class Maps 830 Policy Map 830 Configuration Steps 831 ACE Deployment Modes 831 Bridge Mode 832 Routed Mode 832 One-Arm Mode 833 ACE Virtualization 835 Contexts 835 Domains 836 Role-Based Access Control 836 Resource Classes 836 ACE High Availability 837 Management of ACE 839 Remote Management 839 Simple Network Management Protocol 839 XML Interface 839 ACE Device Manager 839 ANM 840 Global Load Balancing Using GSS and ACE 840 Exam Preparation Tasks 844 Review All Key Topics 844 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 844 Define Key Terms 844 Chapter 20 Cisco WAAS and Application Acceleration 847 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 847 Foundation Topics 850 Wide-Area Network Optimization 850 Characteristics of Wide-Area Networks 851 Latency 851 Bandwidth 853 Packet Loss 853 Poor Link Utilization 854 What Is WAAS? 854 WAAS Product Family 855 WAVE Appliances 855 Router-Integrated Form Factors 856 Virtual Appliances (vWAAS) 857 WAAS Express (WAASx) 857 WAAS Mobile 858 WAAS Central Manager 858 WAAS Architecture 859 WAAS Solution Overview 860 Key Features and Benefits of Cisco WAAS 862 Cisco WAAS WAN Optimization Techniques 866 Transport Flow Optimization 866 TCP Window Scaling 867 TCP Initial Window Size Maximization 867 Increased Buffering 867 Selective Acknowledgement 867 Binary Increase Congestion TCP 868 Compression 868 Data Redundancy Elimination 868 LZ Compression 868 Application-Specific Acceleration 869 Virtualization 870 Exam Preparation Tasks 871 Review All Key Topics 871 Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 871 Define Key Terms 871 Part VI Review 872 Part VII Final Preparation 877 Chapter 21 Final Review 879 Advice About the Exam Event 879 Learn the Question Types Using the Cisco Certification Exam Tutorial 879 Think About Your Time Budget Versus the Number of Questions 880 A Suggested Time-Check Method 881 Miscellaneous Pre-Exam Suggestions 881 Exam-Day Advice 882 Exam Review 882 Take Practice Exams 883 Practicing Taking the DCICT Exam 884 Advice on How to Answer Exam Questions 884 Taking Other Practice Exams 885 Find Knowledge Gaps Through Question Review 886 Practice Hands-On CLI Skills 889 Other Study Tasks 889 Final Thoughts 889 Part VIII Appendices 891 Appendix A Answers to the "Do I Know This Already?" Questions 893 Glossary 913 On the CD: Appendix B Memory Tables Appendix C Memory Tables Answer Key Appendix D Study Planner 9781587144226 TOC 1/29/2015show more

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