CCIE Routing and Switching V5.0 Official Cert Guide: Volume 2

CCIE Routing and Switching V5.0 Official Cert Guide: Volume 2

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Trust the best selling Official Cert Guide series from Cisco Press to help you learn, prepare, and practice for exam success. They are built with the objective of providing assessment, review, and practice to help ensure you are fully prepared for your certification exam. CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 2, Fifth Edition from Cisco Press enables you to succeed on the exam the first time and is the only self-study resource approved by Cisco. Expert instructors Narbik Kocharians and Terry Vinson share preparation hints and test-taking tips, helping you identify areas of weakness and improve both your conceptual knowledge and hands-on skills. This second of two volumes covers IP BGP routing, quality of service (QoS), wide area networks, IP multicast, network security, and Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) topics. This complete study package includes -- A test-preparation routine proven to help you pass the exams -- Do I Know This Already? quizzes, which enable you to decide how much time you need to spend on each section -- Chapter-ending exercises, which help you drill on key concepts you must know thoroughly -- The powerful Pearson IT Certification Practice Test software, complete with hundreds of well-reviewed, exam-realistic questions, customization options, and detailed performance reports -- A final preparation chapter, which guides you through tools and resources to help you craft your review and test-taking strategies -- Study plan suggestions and templates to help you organize and optimize your study time Well regarded for its level of detail, study plans, assessment features, challenging review questions and exercises, this official study guide helps you master the concepts and techniques that ensure your exam success. The official study guide helps you master topics on the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 exams, including: -- BGP operations and routing policies -- QoS -- WANs -- IP Multicast -- Device and network security and tunneling technologies -- MPLS CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 2, Fifth Edition is part of a recommended learning path from Cisco that includes simulation and hands-on training from authorized Cisco Learning Partners and self-study products from Cisco Press. To find out more about instructor-led training, e-learning, and hands-on instruction offered by authorized Cisco Learning Partners worldwide, please visit The print edition of the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 2, Fifth Edition contains more than 200 practice exam questions. Also available from Cisco Press for Cisco CCIE R&S v5.0 study is the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 2 Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test, Fifth Edition. This digital-only certification preparation product combines an eBook with enhanced Pearson IT Certification Practice Test. This integrated learning package: -- Allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams -- Includes direct links from each question to detailed tutorials to help you understand the concepts behind the questions -- Provides additional unique sets of exam-realistic practice questions -- Tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module-by-module basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most This print book includes a 70% discount offer off the list price of the CCIE Routing and Switching v5.0 Official Cert Guide, Volume 2 Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test, Fifth Edition to help enhance your exam preparation more

Product details

  • Mixed media product | 656 pages
  • 194 x 234 x 40mm | 1,299.98g
  • Pearson Education (US)
  • Cisco Press
  • Indianapolis, United States
  • English
  • Revised
  • 5th Revised edition
  • 1587144913
  • 9781587144912
  • 405,525

About Narbik Kocharians

Narbik Kocharians, CCIE No. 12410 (Routing and Switching, Security, SP), is a Triple CCIE with more than 32 years of experience in the IT industry. He has designed, implemented, and supported numerous enterprise networks. Narbik is the president of Micronics Training, Inc. (, where he teaches CCIE R&S and SP boot camps. Terry Vinson, CCIE No. 35347 (Routing and Switching, Data Center), is a seasoned instructor with nearly 25 years of experience teaching and writing technical courses and training materials. Terry has taught and developed training content, as well as provided technical consulting for high-end firms in the north Virginia/Washington, D.C. area. His technical expertise lies in the Cisco arena with a focus on all routing and switching technologies as well as the latest data center technologies, including Nexus switching, unified computing, and storage-area networking (SAN) technologies. Terry currently teaches for CCIE R&S and Data Center Bootcamps for Micronics Training, Inc. and enjoys sailing and game design in his "free time."show more

Table of contents

Introduction xxvii Part I IP BGP Routing Chapter 1 Fundamentals of BGP Operations 3 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 3 Foundation Topics 8 Building BGP Neighbor Relationships 9 Internal BGP Neighbors 10 External BGP Neighbors 13 Checks Before Becoming BGP Neighbors 14 BGP Messages and Neighbor States 15 BGP Message Types 16 Purposefully Resetting BGP Peer Connections 16 Building the BGP Table 18 Injecting Routes/Prefixes into the BGP Table 18 BGP network Command 18 Redistributing from an IGP, Static, or Connected Route 21 Impact of Auto-Summary on Redistributed Routes and the network Command 23 Manual Summaries and the AS_PATH Path Attribute 25 Adding Default Routes to BGP 29 ORIGIN Path Attribute 30 Advertising BGP Routes to Neighbors 31 BGP Update Message 31 Determining the Contents of Updates 32 Example: Impact of the Decision Process and NEXT_HOP on BGP Updates 34 Summary of Rules for Routes Advertised in BGP Updates 40 Building the IP Routing Table 40 Adding eBGP Routes to the IP Routing Table 40 Backdoor Routes 41 Adding iBGP Routes to the IP Routing Table 42 Using Sync and Redistributing Routes 44 Disabling Sync and Using BGP on All Routers in an AS 46 Confederations 47 Configuring Confederations 49 Route Reflectors 52 Multiprotocol BGP 57 Configuration of Multiprotocol BGP 58 Foundation Summary 63 Memory Builders 66 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 66 Definitions 67 Further Reading 67 Chapter 2 BGP Routing Policies 69 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 69 Foundation Topics 75 Route Filtering and Route Summarization 75 Filtering BGP Updates Based on NLRI 76 Route Map Rules for NLRI Filtering 79 Soft Reconfiguration 79 Comparing BGP Prefix Lists, Distribute Lists, and Route Maps 80 Filtering Subnets of a Summary Using the aggregate-address Command 81 Filtering BGP Updates by Matching the AS_PATH PA 82 The BGP AS_PATH and AS_PATH Segment Types 82 Using Regular Expressions to Match AS_PATH 84 Example: Matching AS_PATHs Using AS_PATH Filters 87 Matching AS_SET and AS_CONFED_SEQ 91 BGP Path Attributes and the BGP Decision Process 93 Generic Terms and Characteristics of BGP PAs 93 The BGP Decision Process 95 Clarifications of the BGP Decision Process 96 Three Final Tiebreaker Steps in the BGP Decision Process 96 Adding Multiple BGP Routes to the IP Routing Table 97 Mnemonics for Memorizing the Decision Process 98 Configuring BGP Policies 99 Background: BGP PAs and Features Used by Routing Policies 99 Step 1: NEXT_HOP Reachable 101 Step 2: Administrative Weight 101 Step 3: Highest Local Preference (LOCAL_PREF) 104 Step 4: Choose Between Locally Injected Routes Based on ORIGIN PA 107 Step 5: Shortest AS_PATH 107 Removing Private ASNs 108 AS_PATH Prepending and Route Aggregation 109 Step 6: Best ORIGIN PA 112 Step 7: Smallest Multi-Exit Discriminator 112 Configuring MED: Single Adjacent AS 114 Configuring MED: Multiple Adjacent Autonomous Systems 115 The Scope of MED 115 Step 8: Prefer Neighbor Type eBGP over iBGP 116 Step 9: Smallest IGP Metric to the NEXT_HOP 116 The maximum-paths Command and BGP Decision Process Tiebreakers 116 Step 10: Lowest BGP Router ID of Advertising Router (with One Exception) 117 Step 11: Lowest Neighbor ID 117 The BGP maximum-paths Command 118 BGP Communities 119 Matching COMMUNITY with Community Lists 123 Removing COMMUNITY Values 124 Filtering NLRIs Using Special COMMUNITY Values 125 Fast Convergence Enhancements 126 Fast External Neighbor Loss Detection 127 Internal Neighbor Loss Detection 127 EBGP Fast Session Deactivation 128 Foundation Summary 129 Memory Builders 132 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 133 Definitions 133 Further Reading 133 Part II QoS Chapter 3 Classification and Marking 135 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 135 Foundation Topics 139 Fields That Can Be Marked for QoS Purposes 139 IP Precedence and DSCP Compared 139 DSCP Settings and Terminology 140 Class Selector PHB and DSCP Values 140 Assured Forwarding PHB and DSCP Values 141 Expedited Forwarding PHB and DSCP Values 142 Non-IP Header Marking Fields 143 Ethernet LAN Class of Service 143 WAN Marking Fields 143 Locations for Marking and Matching 144 Cisco Modular QoS CLI 145 Mechanics of MQC 145 Classification Using Class Maps 146 Using Multiple match Commands 147 Classification Using NBAR 149 Classification and Marking Tools 149 Class-Based Marking (CB Marking) Configuration 150 CB Marking Example 151 CB Marking of CoS and DSCP 155 Network-Based Application Recognition 156 CB Marking Design Choices 158 Marking Using Policers 158 QoS Pre-Classification 159 Policy Routing for Marking 160 AutoQoS 160 AutoQoS for VoIP 161 AutoQoS VoIP on Switches 161 AutoQoS VoIP on Routers 162 Verifying AutoQoS VoIP 163 AutoQoS for the Enterprise 163 Discovering Traffic for AutoQoS Enterprise 163 Generating the AutoQoS Configuration 164 Verifying AutoQoS for the Enterprise 164 Foundation Summary 165 Memory Builders 167 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 167 Definitions 167 Further Reading 168 Chapter 4 Congestion Management and Avoidance 171 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 171 Foundation Topics 175 Cisco Router Queuing Concepts 175 Software Queues and Hardware Queues 175 Queuing on Interfaces Versus Subinterfaces and Virtual Circuits 176 Comparing Queuing Tools 176 Queuing Tools: CBWFQ and LLQ 177 CBWFQ Basic Features and Configuration 178 Defining and Limiting CBWFQ Bandwidth 180 Low-Latency Queuing 182 Defining and Limiting LLQ Bandwidth 184 LLQ with More Than One Priority Queue 185 Miscellaneous CBWFQ/LLQ Topics 186 Queuing Summary 186 Weighted Random Early Detection 187 How WRED Weights Packets 188 WRED Configuration 189 Modified Deficit Round-Robin 190 LAN Switch Congestion Management and Avoidance 193 Cisco Switch Ingress Queuing 193 Creating a Priority Queue 193 Cisco 3560 Congestion Avoidance 195 Cisco 3560 Switch Egress Queuing 197 Resource Reservation Protocol (RSVP) 199 RSVP Process Overview 200 Configuring RSVP 201 Using RSVP for Voice Calls 203 Foundation Summary 205 Memory Builders 205 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 205 Definitions 205 Further Reading 205 Chapter 5 Shaping, Policing, and Link Fragmentation 207 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 207 Foundation Topics 211 Traffic-Shaping Concepts 211 Shaping Terminology 211 Shaping with an Excess Burst 213 Underlying Mechanics of Shaping 213 Generic Traffic Shaping 214 Class-Based Shaping 216 Tuning Shaping for Voice Using LLQ and a Small Tc 218 Configuring Shaping by Bandwidth Percent 221 CB Shaping to a Peak Rate 222 Adaptive Shaping 222 Policing Concepts and Configuration 222 CB Policing Concepts 222 Single-Rate, Two-Color Policing (One Bucket) 223 Single-Rate, Three-Color Policer (Two Buckets) 224 Two-Rate, Three-Color Policer (Two Buckets) 225 Class-Based Policing Configuration 227 Single-Rate, Three-Color Policing of All Traffic 227 Policing a Subset of the Traffic 228 CB Policing Defaults for Bc and Be 229 Configuring Dual-Rate Policing 229 Multi-Action Policing 229 Policing by Percentage 230 Committed Access Rate 231 Hierarchical Queuing Framework (HQF) 233 Flow-Based Fair-Queuing Support in Class-Default 235 Default Queuing Implementation for Class-Default 236 Class-Default and Bandwidth 236 Default Queuing Implementation for Shape Class 236 Policy Map and Interface Bandwidth 236 Per-Flow Queue Limit in Fair Queue 236 Oversubscription Support for Multiple Policies on Logical Interfaces 236 Shaping on a GRE Tunnel 237 Nested Policy and Reference Bandwidth for Child-Policy 237 Handling Traffic Congestion on an Interface Configured with Policy Map 237 QoS Troubleshooting and Commands 237 Troubleshooting Slow Application Response 238 Troubleshooting Voice and Video Problems 239 Other QoS Troubleshooting Tips 240 Approaches to Resolving QoS Issues 240 Foundation Summary 242 Memory Builders 243 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 243 Definitions 243 Further Reading 243 Part III Wide-Area Networks Chapter 6 Wide-Area Networks 245 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 245 Foundation Topics 247 Layer 2 Protocols 247 HDLC 247 Point-to-Point Protocol 249 PPP Link Control Protocol 250 Basic LCP/PPP Configuration 251 Multilink PPP 252 MLP Link Fragmentation and Interleaving 254 PPP Compression 255 PPP Layer 2 Payload Compression 256 Header Compression 256 PPPoE 257 Server Configuration 258 Client Configuration 259 Authentication 260 Ethernet WAN 262 VPLS 262 Metro-Ethernet 263 Foundation Summary 264 Memory Builders 265 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 265 Definitions 265 Further Reading 265 Part IV IP Multicast Chapter 7 Introduction to IP Multicasting 267 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 267 Foundation Topics 270 Why Do You Need Multicasting? 270 Problems with Unicast and Broadcast Methods 270 How Multicasting Provides a Scalable and Manageable Solution 273 Multicast IP Addresses 276 Multicast Address Range and Structure 276 Well-Known Multicast Addresses 276 Multicast Addresses for Permanent Groups 277 Multicast Addresses for Source-Specific Multicast Applications and Protocols 278 Multicast Addresses for GLOP Addressing 278 Multicast Addresses for Private Multicast Domains 278 Multicast Addresses for Transient Groups 278 Summary of Multicast Address Ranges 279 Mapping IP Multicast Addresses to MAC Addresses 280 Managing Distribution of Multicast Traffic with IGMP 281 Joining a Group 282 Internet Group Management Protocol 282 IGMP Version 2 283 IGMPv2 Host Membership Query Functions 285 IGMPv2 Host Membership Report Functions 286 IGMPv2 Solicited Host Membership Report 286 IGMPv2 Unsolicited Host Membership Report 288 IGMPv2 Leave Group and Group-Specific Query Messages 289 IGMPv2 Querier 291 IGMPv2 Timers 292 IGMP Version 3 292 IGMPv1 and IGMPv2 Interoperability 294 IGMPv2 Host and IGMPv1 Routers 294 IGMPv1 Host and IGMPv2 Routers 294 Comparison of IGMPv1, IGMPv2, and IGMPv3 295 LAN Multicast Optimizations 296 Cisco Group Management Protocol 296 IGMP Snooping 303 Router-Port Group Management Protocol 307 IGMP Filtering 309 IGMP Proxy 310 Foundation Summary 314 Memory Builders 314 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 314 Definitions 315 Further Reading 315 References in This Chapter 315 Chapter 8 IP Multicast Routing 317 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 317 Foundation Topics 321 Multicast Routing Basics 321 Overview of Multicast Routing Protocols 322 Multicast Forwarding Using Dense Mode 322 Reverse Path Forwarding Check 323 Multicast Forwarding Using Sparse Mode 325 Multicast Scoping 327 TTL Scoping 327 Administrative Scoping 328 Dense-Mode Routing Protocols 329 Operation of Protocol Independent Multicast Dense Mode 329 Forming PIM Adjacencies Using PIM Hello Messages 329 Source-Based Distribution Trees 330 Prune Message 331 PIM-DM: Reacting to a Failed Link 333 Rules for Pruning 335 Steady-State Operation and the State Refresh Message 337 Graft Message 339 LAN-Specific Issues with PIM-DM and PIM-SM 340 Prune Override 340 Assert Message 341 Designated Router 343 Summary of PIM-DM Messages 343 Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol 344 Multicast Open Shortest Path First 344 Sparse-Mode Routing Protocols 345 Operation of Protocol Independent Multicast Sparse Mode 345 Similarities Between PIM-DM and PIM-SM 346 Sources Sending Packets to the Rendezvous Point 346 Joining the Shared Tree 348 Completion of the Source Registration Process 350 Shared Distribution Tree 352 Steady-State Operation by Continuing to Send Joins 353 Examining the RP's Multicast Routing Table 354 Shortest-Path Tree Switchover 355 Pruning from the Shared Tree 357 Dynamically Finding RPs and Using Redundant RPs 358 Dynamically Finding the RP Using Auto-RP 359 Dynamically Finding the RP Using BSR 363 Anycast RP with MSDP 365 Interdomain Multicast Routing with MSDP 367 Summary: Finding the RP 369 Bidirectional PIM 370 Comparison of PIM-DM and PIM-SM 371 Source-Specific Multicast 372 Implementing IPv6 Multicast PIM 373 Designated Priority Manipulation 376 PIM6 Hello Interval 377 IPv6 Sparse-Mode Multicast 379 IPv6 Static RP 379 IPv6 BSR 381 Multicast Listener Discovery (MLD) 385 Embedded RP 389 Foundation Summary 393 Memory Builders 397 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 397 Definitions 397 Further Reading 397 Part V Security Chapter 9 Device and Network Security 399 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 399 Foundation Topics 403 Router and Switch Device Security 403 Simple Password Protection for the CLI 403 Better Protection of Enable and Username Passwords 405 Using Secure Shell Protocol 405 User Mode and Privileged Mode AAA Authentication 406 Using a Default Set of Authentication Methods 407 Using Multiple Authentication Methods 408 Groups of AAA Servers 410 Overriding the Defaults for Login Security 410 PPP Security 411 Layer 2 Security 412 Switch Security Best Practices for Unused and User Ports 413 Port Security 413 Dynamic ARP Inspection 417 DHCP Snooping 420 IP Source Guard 422 802.1X Authentication Using EAP 423 Storm Control 426 General Layer 2 Security Recommendations 427 Layer 3 Security 429 IP Access Control List Review 430 ACL Rule Summary 431 Wildcard Masks 433 General Layer 3 Security Considerations 433 Smurf Attacks, Directed Broadcasts, and RPF Checks 433 Inappropriate IP Addresses 435 TCP SYN Flood, the Established Bit, and TCP Intercept 436 Classic Cisco IOS Firewall 438 TCP Versus UDP with CBAC 439 Cisco IOS Firewall Protocol Support 439 Cisco IOS Firewall Caveats 440 Cisco IOS Firewall Configuration Steps 440 Cisco IOS Zone-Based Firewall 441 Control-Plane Policing 446 Preparing for CoPP Implementation 447 Implementing CoPP 448 Dynamic Multipoint VPN 451 Step 1: Basic Configuration of IP Addresses 452 Step 2: GRE Multipoint Tunnel Configuration on All Routers (for Spoke-to-Spoke Connectivity) 453 Step 3: Configure IPsec to Encrypt mGRE Tunnels 457 Step 4: DMVPN Routing Configuration 459 IPv6 First Hop Security 461 First Hop Security for IPv6 461 Link Operations 463 End Node Security Enforcement 463 First Hop Switch Security Enforcement 464 Last Router Security Enforcement 464 ICMPv6 and Neighbor Discovery Protocol 464 Secure Neighbor Discovery (SeND) 465 Securing at the First Hop 466 RA Guard 467 DHCPv6 Guard 468 DHCPv6 Guard and the Binding Database 469 IPv6 Device Tracking 471 IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Inspection 472 IPv6 Source Guard 473 Port Access Control Lists (PACL) 475 Foundation Summary 476 Memory Builders 480 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 480 Definitions 480 Further Reading 480 Chapter 10 Tunneling Technologies 483 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 483 Foundation Topics 486 GRE Tunnels 486 Dynamic Multipoint VPN Tunnels 487 DMVPN Operation 488 DMVPN Components 488 DMVPN Operation 489 IPv6 Tunneling and Related Techniques 495 Tunneling Overview 496 Manually Configured Tunnels 497 Automatic IPv4-Compatible Tunnels 499 IPv6-over-IPv4 GRE Tunnels 499 Automatic 6to4 Tunnels 499 ISATAP Tunnels 501 SLAAC and DHCPv6 502 NAT-PT 502 NAT ALG 502 NAT64 502 Layer 2 VPNs 503 Tagged Mode 503 Raw Mode 503 Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TPv3) 504 AToM (Any Transport over MPLS) 504 Virtual Private LAN Services (VPLS) 505 Overlay Transport Virtualization (OTV) 506 GET VPN 506 Foundation Summary 512 Memory Builders 512 Definitions 512 Part VI Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) Chapter 11 Multiprotocol Label Switching 515 "Do I Know This Already?" Quiz 515 Foundation Topics 519 MPLS Unicast IP Forwarding 519 MPLS IP Forwarding: Data Plane 520 CEF Review 520 Overview of MPLS Unicast IP Forwarding 521 MPLS Forwarding Using the FIB and LFIB 522 The MPLS Header and Label 524 The MPLS TTL Field and MPLS TTL Propagation 524 MPLS IP Forwarding: Control Plane 526 MPLS LDP Basics 527 The MPLS Label Information Base Feeding the FIB and LFIB 529 Examples of FIB and LFIB Entries 532 Label Distribution Protocol Reference 534 MPLS VPNs 535 The Problem: Duplicate Customer Address Ranges 535 The Solution: MPLS VPNs 537 MPLS VPN Control Plane 539 Virtual Routing and Forwarding Tables 540 MP-BGP and Route Distinguishers 541 Route Targets 543 Overlapping VPNs 545 MPLS VPN Configuration 546 Configuring the VRF and Associated Interfaces 548 Configuring the IGP Between PE and CE 550 Configuring Redistribution Between PE-CE IGP and MP-BGP 553 Configuring MP-BGP Between PEs 555 MPLS VPN Data Plane 558 Building the (Inner) VPN Label 559 Creating LFIB Entries to Forward Packets to the Egress PE 560 Creating VRF FIB Entries for the Ingress PE 562 Penultimate Hop Popping 564 Other MPLS Applications 565 Implement Multi-VRF Customer Edge (VRF Lite) 566 VRF Lite, Without MPLS 566 VRF Lite with MPLS 569 Foundation Summary 570 Memory Builders 570 Fill In Key Tables from Memory 570 Definitions 570 Further Reading 570 Part VII Final Preparation Chapter 12 Final Preparation 573 Tools for Final Preparation 573 Pearson Cert Practice Test Engine and Questions on the CD 573 Install the Software from the CD 574 Activate and Download the Practice Exam 574 Activating Other Exams 575 Premium Edition 575 The Cisco Learning Network 575 Memory Tables 575 Chapter-Ending Review Tools 576 Suggested Plan for Final Review/Study 576 Using the Exam Engine 576 Summary 577 Part VIII Appendixes Appendix A Answers to the "Do I Know This Already?" Quizzes 579 Appendix B CCIE Exam Updates 583 CD-Only Appendix C Decimal to Binary Conversion Table Appendix D IP Addressing Practice Appendix E Key Tables for CCIE Study Appendix F Solutions for Key Tables for CCIE Study Glossary 9781587144912 TOC 10/22/2014show more

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