Bulletin of the Department of Labor Volume 1-6

Bulletin of the Department of Labor Volume 1-6

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1895 edition. Excerpt: ...tracting in shops conducted in homes. Such conditions prevail to a distressing degree in localities having a large, herded foreign population, and among people known for excessive industry and thrift--vir tues otherwise considered indispensable to prosperity and happiness Recently arrived foreign working people crowded into the big cities are the most helpless, and, in order to barely live, are willing to submi' to almost incredible exactions. It is thus that this form of labor soon outcompetes and displaces all other forms and becomes the standard for the particular industry in which it is introduced. The use of machinery in the making of garments has not figured largely in displacing labor and reducing the standard of skill formerly required. but rather the subdivision of labor, especially in the cheaper grades of work. This has made the garment-making industry an easy refuge for immigrants, and enables them to work in small shops which in many other industries would be inadequate to compete with larger and better-equipped factories. This class of workers, therefore, become wholly dependent upon the knowledge that they have acquired of one small part of the trade, and are incapable of advancement through individual effort. High rents contribute their share of responsibility for the sweating system. If rents were cheap there would be a distinct advantage in working in separate rooms or shops. This is invariably the result, for in localities where rents are lower, the shops are larger and the evils not so acute. The saving in rent is an important item. To combine a kitchen, bedroom, and workshop, to utilize a garret or a loft oyer a stable, saves rent even though it sacrifices the health of the worker and the products of such shops...
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Product details

  • Paperback | 316 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 17mm | 567g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236854810
  • 9781236854810