Bulletin Volume 20-28

Bulletin Volume 20-28

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1922 edition. Excerpt: ...the sheets and pile them on the truck. The pulling requires much muscular effort of the arm. If the tin is poor greater strength must be exerted. Men pull apart the worst Btickers with tools. Usually girls average 8,000 to 9,000 pounds of sheets lifted and opened daily. One girl when visited in her home was suffering from a sprained wrist which had been caused by this work. As illustrative of the cumulative effect of constant lifting may be cited the work in one textile mill in which it is estimated that women speeders and slubbers who handled 1-pound and 2$-pound bobbins lifted daily 2,700 and 4,500 pounds, respectively.1 In other mills boy helpers did most of the lifting for women in these occupations. Scientific measurement of effort exerted in industrial work frequently reveals surprising facts. For instance, one girl in a glass factory who had a chance to use a pedometer one day had made a test for herself. According to her own statement she walked 4J miles in one afternoon in going back and forth between the leer and the furnace room. The study of the relationship between expenditure of effort and industrial efficiency will prove profitable both to the worker in terms of health and energy and to the employer in terms of production. In fact the subject of fatigue in its relation to health and safety has been too generally neglected. In some Maryland establishments women were compelled, in order to keep up with machines or a team of workers, to work at top speed so continuously that undue exhaustion resulted. When such fatigue is coupled with an excessively long working day it may become so actute and so poisonous to the system as to constitute a hazard; it may bo responsible also for industrial accidents, since workers when overtired...show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 192 pages
  • 189 x 246 x 10mm | 354g
  • Rarebooksclub.com
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236972082
  • 9781236972088