British Manufacturing Industries

British Manufacturing Industries

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Excerpt: ...brought about by the union. With certain metallic oxides, silica forms coloured silicates or glasses; and these, when fused with colourless glasses, impart to them the colour of the silicate. Oxide of iron colours glass either green or yellow, according to the nature of the oxide; the silicate of the protoxide of iron being green, and that of the peroxide, yellow of a slightly brownish tint. Copper forms two oxides, the suboxide and the protoxide; the suboxide colours glass red, while the protoxide renders it green. Black oxide of manganese colours glass purple; but if large quantities be used, it makes it perfectly black. Sesquioxide of chromium imparts a beautiful green colour to glass, while oxide of uranium produces an opalescent effect of yellow with a tinge of green. This latter, by the way, has the power of reducing the ultra-violet rays of the spectrum to luminous rays, and, when held in the rays of a spectrum obtained by the electric light, produces an extremely beautiful effect, which is called fluorescence. A small quantity of the oxide of gold tints glass pink, but the colour becomes extremely rich and ruby-like, when a larger quantity of the oxide is employed. Oxide of cobalt in very small quantities yields, with silicic acid, an intensely blue silicate. This substance, carefully prepared in a special manner and ground to a fine powder, forms the well known water-colour pigment called smalt. Oxide of silver stains glass from a delicate lemon tint to a deep orange, in proportion to the quantity of the oxide employed. With the exception of the last-named colouring material, the above mentioned are mixed together with the substances which form the glass, and are melted in the usual way in glass-pots, except that they are treated with considerably more care, in order that their tints may be true. Oxide of silver, however, is never mixed with the materials of which the glass is made, but is applied to the surface in the following manner: more

Product details

  • Paperback
  • 189 x 246 x 3mm | 122g
  • United States
  • English
  • black & white illustrations
  • 1236708776
  • 9781236708779