A Brief Guide to Ideas

A Brief Guide to Ideas : Turning Points in Religion and Philosophy

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This work is for those who want to be better informed about the major turning points in the history of human thought. Arranged thematically, the book looks at key questions, such as: how and what can we know; does God exist; why do we exist; anything goes; and what are the boundaries of reality? A companion volume to "A Brief History of Christian Spirituality" and "A Brief History of Christian Music", the book is a guide to over 40 of the world's major thinkers, including: Plato, Aristotle, Augustine, Descartes, Kant, Locke, Marx, Nietzsche and Freud. Ideas and movements covered include: feminism, humanism, rationalism, New Age and the paranormal. There are new chapters on Wittgenstein, postmodernism and fundamentalism. Arranged thematically, the book looks at key questions, such as how and what can we know? Does God exist? Why do we exist? What are the boundaries of reality?show more

Product details

  • Paperback | 394 pages
  • 126 x 192 x 26mm | 300g
  • Lion Hudson Plc
  • Lion Books
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • Revised
  • Revised edition
  • charts, diagrams
  • 0745939090
  • 9780745939094

Table of contents

Part 1 How and what can I know? - ways of knowing: knowledge and reason - Plato; theories of knowledge - Plato and Aristotle; knowledge and revelations - Augustine. Part 2 Who am I?: Aristotle and identity; Descartes and the mind/body division (dualism); brains and bodies - what price the soul in today's world? - Nagel. Part 3 Does God exist? - philosophy of religion: the existence of God - Anselm; natural and revealed religion - Aquinas/the five ways; the argument from religious experience. Part 4 Rationalism and empiricism - reasoning out who we are: Descartes; Locke and Berkeley; Hume. Part 5 Existentialism: Kierkegaard; Heidegger and the language of being; Sartre and the freedom of humankind. Part 6 Psychology - we are all in the mind: Feuerbach; Freud; Jung. Part 7 Politics - organizing how we live: Plato's republic; Machiavelli, Rousseau (Thomas Paine and Thomas More); Karl Marx. Part 8 Humanism - man is the measure of all things: Erasmus and the rise of humanism; beyond good and evil - Nietzsche, the death of God and the Christian response; shaping humanism in the modern world - John Stuart Mill and Bertrand Russell. Part 9 The person of Christ - why does he matter?: Jesus, the Son of God - (Christology through the ages); Jesus of Nazareth, his teaching on the kingdom of God; Jesus - revelation and response. Part 10 The Bible - ways of understanding: East and West - the struggle for understanding (Origen and Athanasius); Luther and the Reformation; liberal and conservative - interpreting the bible today. Part 11 Science and belief: creation and evolution - Darwin and controversy; the new physics and the meaning of modern science; miracles and faith in a modern scientific world (answer to Hume). Part 12 Relativism - anything goes?: Kant and the Enlightenment; James and the American pragmatists; cultural relativism and pluralism. Part 13 The paranormal - the boundaries of reality: Christianity and the paranormal; the devil and all his works; evil, suffering and religion. Part 14 Feminism - her story and the Motherhood of God: the maleness of reason - a feminist viewpoint; patriarchy, women and history; God as Mother. Part 15 New Age thinking - renaissance or delusion: shifting the paradigm - the advent of aquarius (modern movements); self or selfishness - personal energy and the New Age (the me-cult); tomorrow's world - how far have we got? (technology, morality, relief - how far has our knowledge really progressed?).show more

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20 ratings
3.6 out of 5 stars
5 20% (4)
4 35% (7)
3 30% (6)
2 15% (3)
1 0% (0)
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