Bread from the Lion's Mouth

Bread from the Lion's Mouth : Artisans Struggling for a Livelihood in Ottoman Cities

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The newly awakened interest in the lives of craftspeople in Turkey is highlighted in this collection, which uses archival documents to follow Ottoman artisans from the late 15th century to the beginning of the 20th. The authors examine historical changes in the lives of artisans, focusing on the craft organizations (or guilds) that underwent substantial changes over the centuries. The guilds transformed and eventually dissolved as they were increasingly co-opted by modernization and state-building projects, and by the movement of manufacturing to the countryside. In consequence by the 20th century, many artisans had to confront the forces of capitalism and world trade without significant protection, just as the Ottoman Empire was itself in the process of dissolution.
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Product details

  • Hardback | 366 pages
  • 152 x 229 x 20.57mm | 658g
  • Oxford, United Kingdom
  • English
  • 1782385584
  • 9781782385585

Table of contents

List of Illustrations Preface Time line Map (from Artisans of Empire) Introduction: Once again, Ottoman artisans PART I: ARTISANS OVER THE COURSE OF TIME Chapter 1. Tracing Esnaf in Late Fifteenth-Century Bursa Court Records Iklil Erefe Selcuk Chapter 2. The Art of the Potter in Ottoman Hungary Geza David and Ibolya Gerelyes Chapter 3. Damascene Artisans around 1700 Colette Establet Chapter 4. Mapping Istanbul's Hammams of 1752 and their Employees Nina Ergin Chapter 5. Surviving in Difficult Times: The Cotton and Silk Trades in Bursa around 1800 Suraiya Faroqhi Chapter 6. The Shoe Guilds of Istanbul in the Early Nineteenth Century: A Case Study Nalan Turna PART II: INTRA-GUILD PROBLEMS Chapter 7. Blurred Boundaries between Soldiers and Civilians: Artisan Janissaries in Seventeenth-century Istanbul Gulay Yilmaz Chapter 8. Rich Artisans and Poor Merchants? A Critical Look at the Supposed Egalitarianism in Ottoman Guilds Eunjeong Yi Chapter 9. Gedik: What's in a Name? Onur Yildirim - Seven Agir Chapter 10. Punishment, Repression and Violence in the Marketplace: Istanbul, 1730-1840 Engin Deniz Akarli PART III: ARTISANS CONFRONTING THE MODERNIZING STATE Chapter 11. Some observations on Istanbul's artisans during the reign of Selim III (1789-1808) Betul Basaran and Cengiz Kirli Chapter 12. Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Fire: Protest, the State, and the End of the Guilds in Egypt John Chalcraft Glossary Contributors Bibliography Index
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Review quote

"This book is an exciting and valuable contribution to the field of Ottoman history in general, and guild studies in particular. The editor's sweeping introductory synthesis alone is an unparalleled round-up of the latest research - this introduction, and the following chapters, broach most if not all the "big questions" relating to the study of guilds and their history." * Pascale Ghazaleh, The American University in Cairo
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About Suraiya Faroqhi

Suraiya Faroqhi is Professor in the Department of History at Istanbul Bilgi University. She has taught at Middle East Technical University, Ankara (1972-87) and served as a professor of Ottoman Studies at the Ludwig Maximilians Universitat in Munich, Germany (1988-2007).
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