Book I. the Humanism of Italy. Book II. Erasmus and Luther. Book III. the French Mind
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1920 edition. Excerpt: ...but only when writing English. Both of them translated the Bible, or parts of it, into their native tongue, held Scripture to be the sole authority in religion, and denounced whatever went beyond it as unsanctioned and erroneous.19 In expounding Scripture, both sought the actual meaning, and made temperate use of allegorical interpretation. With both of them, their religious doctrines were of gradual growth: they were progressive in their "heresies." But unwarranted application of their teachings and peasant wars tended to make them conservative socially and politically in the end." / Regarded from the standpoint of Church politics, the sixteenth century followed the period of the complete defeat of the so-called Conciliar Movement. The fifteenth 10 Wyclif's older contemporary Occam declares that popes and councils may err, and that Scripture only is infallible: ergo Christianus de necessitate salutis non tenetur ad credendum nec credere quod nec in Biblia continetur nec ex solis contends in Biblia potest consequentia necessaria et manifesta inferri. See Seeberg, in Protestantische Encyclopaed1c, article on Occam, p. 271. n Wyclif will be spoken of more particularly in Chap. XIX. had opened with the Church and papacy struggling out of the Great Schism, consequent upon the return of the popes from Avignon. Distinguished statesmen of the Church, the Frenchmen Gerson and D'Ailly, and after them the German Nicholas of Cusa, not to mention Gregor Heimburg, sought to subject the pope to the control of councils representative of the catholic nations. It was a time when councils deposed popes and attempted Church reforms.! There was the Council of Pisa in 1409, and the great Council of Constance from 1414 to 1418. Finally came the...
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- 01 Apr 2013
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